Regional Council (Hong Kong)
Emblem of Regional Council
|Established||1 April 1986|
|Disbanded||31 December 1999|
|Regional Council Headquarter, Shatin|
The Regional Council (RegCo; Chinese: 區域市政局) was a municipal council in Hong Kong responsible for municipal services in the New Territories (excluding New Kowloon). Its services were provided by the Regional Services Department. Its headquarters were located near Sha Tin Station.
Technically, only Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, and New Kowloon were within the purview of the Urban Council. But the Urban Services Department, the executive arm of the Urban Council, began servicing the New Territories with its establishment in 1953.
Following public consultation, a Provisional Regional Council was established on 1 April 1985 under the auspices of the colonial Hong Kong Government, to provide for the New Territories what the Urban Council did for Hong Kong Island and Kowloon. Like the Urban Council, the Regional Council was created in 1986 as an elected body comprising representatives from constituencies and district boards. After the transfer of sovereignty in 1997, the name was once again changed to Provisional Regional Council, consisting of members of the pre-handover RegCo, and new members appointed by the Chief Executive.
In 1986, planning began for the council's headquarters building. Until permanent premises were built, departments of the Regional Council were scattered around various buildings in Tsim Sha Tsui. A site was selected near Sha Tin Town Centre and construction began in April 1989. It was opened on 27 September 1991 by governor David Wilson and Lady Wilson. The building consisted of a low block, housing the council chambers, alongside a 20-storey tower home to the various units of the Regional Services Department. The building was designed by Peter Keeping, a senior architect of the Architectural Services Department, and cost $200 million. The entrance is guarded by two marble lions made in Beijing. Today the building is the headquarters of the Leisure and Cultural Services Department.
Function and structure
The Regional Council structure comprised the full Regional Council, functional select committees, district committees, and sub-committees.
Initially, three functional select committees were planned: the Ways and Means Select Committee, the Environmental Hygiene Select Committee, and the Recreation and Culture Select Committee. They were joined by the Liquor Licensing Board at the founding of the council in 1986, and in 1987 the Ways and Means Select Committee was split into two committees: the Capital Works Select Committee and the Finance and Administration Select Committee. From 4 July 1997, the Recreation and Culture Select Committee was separated into the Culture and Arts Select Committee and the Recreation and Sports Committee, forming an eventual six select committees by the time the council was dissolved.
The nine district committees were as follows: Islands; Kwai Chung and Tsing Yi; North District; Sai Kung; Sha Tin; Tai Po; Tsuen Wan; Tuen Mun; and Yuen Long District Committee.
The council was dissolved on 31 December 1999 together with the Provisional Urban Council under the then-Chief Executive Tung Chee Hwa's plan to streamline and centralise municipal services as part of his government policy reforms. The Regional Council and Urban Council had, since 1998, jointly objected to this plan, putting forward an alternative merger proposal entitled "One Council, One Department", which was not accepted by the government. The final chairman commented:
"Subsequent to [the Council's] establishment, marked improvements had been made to the cultural, recreational, and entertainment services and facilities of the region, and they were highly regarded and cherished by the local community in the New Territories. It is therefore a great pity to see the dissolution of the council in such haste and by such a murky decision based on unconvincing arguments. Although it was clear to all of us that, with experiences acquired from serving the council for more than a decade, we could do more and better for the people of Hong Kong."
The functions of the councils were replaced by two newly established government departments, the Food and Environmental Hygiene Department and the Leisure and Cultural Services Department. The former Regional Council Headquarters is now home to the Leisure and Cultural Services Department. The archives of the two municipal councils are held by the Hong Kong Public Libraries, and are available online in digitised form.
- Lau 2002, p. 143.
- Chan, Catherine (26 September 1991). "Building for the future of Hongkong". South China Morning Post. p. 25.
- Chan, Catherine (26 September 1991). "New base for HK's essential services". South China Morning Post. p. 26.
- Liu, Mei-fong (August 1992). A study of office decentralization in Sha Tin New Town. University of Hong Kong. pp. 69–70.
- Lau 2002, pp. 143-44.
- Lau 2002, pp. 150.
- Lau 2002, pp. xix.
- "Municipal Councils Archives Collection". Hong Kong Public Libraries. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- Lau, Y.W. (2002). A History of the Municipal Councils of Hong Kong 1883-1999. Hong Kong: Leisure and Cultural Services Department. ISBN 962-7039-41-1.
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