Regional Federal Courts

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Headquarters of the Regional Federal Court for the Third Region, in São Paulo

The Regional Federal Courts (in Portuguese, Tribunais Regionais Federais, commonly called TRFs) are Brazilian appellate courts of the Brazil federal court system. There are currently five of these courts, one to each geographically defined Federal Justice region. They are composed primarily by career judges, promoted alternatively between seniority and merit. The Brazilian constitution mandates that a fifth of the members be lawyers and public prosecutors, chosen in an alternate manner.

Federal Justice regions[edit]

The Brazilian federal court system is divided nationally into five regions, defined geographically, each served by an appellate court:

Seated in Brasília, Federal District, this appellate court covers the states of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Bahia, Goiás, Maranhão, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso, Pará, Piauí, Rondônia, Roraima and Tocantins, as well as the Brazilian Federal District.
Seated in Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, this appellate court covers the states of Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro.
Seated in São Paulo, São Paulo, this appellate court covers the states of Mato Grosso do Sul and São Paulo.
Seated in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, this appellate court covers the states of Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina.
Seated in Recife, Pernambuco, this appellate court covers the states of Alagoas, Ceará, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte and Sergipe.

See also[edit]