Regional Municipality of Halton

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Regional Municipality of Halton
Regional Municipality
Coat of arms of Regional Municipality of Halton
Coat of arms
Official logo of Regional Municipality of Halton
Logo
Motto: Absque labore nihil (Latin for: Nothing without effort)
Halton Region's location within Ontario.
Halton Region's location within Ontario.
Coordinates: 43°28′N 79°52′W / 43.467°N 79.867°W / 43.467; -79.867Coordinates: 43°28′N 79°52′W / 43.467°N 79.867°W / 43.467; -79.867
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Established (County) 1854
Established (Regional Municipality) 1974
Seat Oakville
Government
 • Regional Chair Gary Carr
Area[1]
 • Land 964.01 km2 (372.21 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 501,669
 • Density 520.4/km2 (1,348/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Website www.halton.ca
Rattlesnake Point, near Milton, Ontario.

The Regional Municipality of Halton, or Halton Region, is a regional municipality of Ontario, Canada, located in Southern Ontario in the southwest part of the Greater Toronto Area ("GTA"). It comprises the city of Burlington and the towns of Oakville, Milton, and Halton Hills and is policed by the Halton Regional Police Service. The regional council's headquarters are located in Oakville.

The Town of Oakville and the City of Burlington are largely urban, while the Towns of Milton and Halton Hills to the north are significantly more rural. Together with urbanization in the neighbouring Regional Municipality of Peel, the urban area of the GTHA is contiguous all the way from the City of Hamilton to the City of Toronto, as is visible on satellite images of the GTHA and the Golden Horseshoe.

Halton has been ranked by Maclean's national crime ranking report as being the "safest place to live" in the Greater Toronto Area, and one of the top 5 in Canada.[2]

Halton Region experienced a growth rate of 17.1% between 2001 and 2006, and 14.2% between 2006 and 2011, giving it one of the highest growth rates in the country. Despite the unprecedented growth in residential development, agriculture and protected lands along the Niagara Escarpment are still the predominant land uses in the Region.

History[edit]

The Regional Municipality of Halton was established on 1 January 1974 as the successor to the former Halton County by the Regional Municipality of Halton Act, 1973.[3] From 1 January 2003, it has been governed by the Municipal Act, 2001.[4]

Until the 2000 municipal elections, the Chairman of the Regional Council had been appointed by the Ontario government. From that date, it has been an elective position. Joyce Savoline was the last appointed Chairman, and was elected and reelected as Chairman until her retirement from the position in 2006. The current Regional Chairman is Gary Carr.

Regional Council[edit]

The Council consists of the elected Chairman, the mayors of the local municipalities, and regional councillors elected by wards from the local municipalities (who also sit on their respective municipal councils).

The current membership of the council is as follows:

Chairman Municipality Mayor Regional Councillors
Gary Carr City of Burlington Rick Goldring
Rick Craven
Jack Dennison
Blair Lancaster
Paul Sharman
John Taylor
Marianne Meed Ward
Town of Oakville Rob Burton
Tom Adams
Keith Bird
Cathy Duddeck
Allan Elgar
Alan Johnston
Jeff Knoll
Town of Milton Gordon Krantz
Colin Best
Brian Penman
Town of Halton Hills Rick Bonnette
Jane Fogal
Clark Somerville

Demographics[edit]

Visible Minorities and Aboriginals
Group 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census 1996 Census
Population  % of total Population  % of Total Population  % of Total Population  % of Total
Aboriginal 2,640 0.6 1,800 0.5 1,325 0.4
Visible Minority 57,360 13.2 32,550 8.7 22,660 6.7
All other 375,395 86.2 338,060 90.8 313,455 92.9
Total 501,669 100.0 435,395 100.0 372,410 100.0 337,440 100.0
Population by mother tongue
Group 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census 1996 Census
Population  % of total Population  % of Total Population  % of Total Population  % of Total
English 341,675 78.5 306,980 82.4 281,090 83.3
French 8,105 1.8 6,900 1.9 6,250 1.9
English and French 720 0.2 820 0.2 720 0.2
All other 84,900 19.5 57,705 15.5 49,380 14.6
Total 435,395 100.0 372,410 100.0 337,440 100.0
Mobility over previous five years
Group 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census 1996 Census
Population  % of total Population  % of Total Population  % of Total Population  % of Total
At the same address 228,860 56.2 198,690 56.8 184,295 58.7
In the same municipality 71,335 17.5 130,000 37.2 58,560 18.7
In the same province 85,130 20.9 55,380 17.7
From another province 6,720 1.6 1,920 4.3 8,270 2.6
From another country 15,360 3.8 7,235 2.3
Total aged 5 or over 407,405 100.0 349,670 100.0 313,745 100.0

Economy[edit]

Labour force[edit]

Employment activity
2011 2006 2001 1996
Participation rate 71.9% 72.1% 76.8%
Employment rate 68.5% 69.3% 72.8%
Unemployment rate 4.7% 4.0% 5.1%
Employment by industry
2011 2006 2001 1996
Agriculture and resources 4,180 3,935 2,870
Construction 12,060 41,540 8,085
Manufacturing 31,635 33,235
Wholesale trade 18,915 38,440 14,760
Retail trade 27,245 22,175
Financial and real estate 23,030 19,550 16,150
Health care and social services 19,535 29,935 15,870
Educational services 17,060 13,250
Business services 53,975 45,120 31,045
Other services 39,565 32,935 31,490
Total 247,200 211,455 188,930

Agriculture[edit]

Trend per Census of Agriculture
Type 2011 2006 2001
Halton Hills Milton Burlington Oakville Total % change Halton Hills Milton Burlington Oakville Total[7] % change Total
Number of farms 169 209 70 21 469 Decrease15.6% 206 260 79 21 566 Decrease8.5% 619
Total area of farms (in hectares) 15,436 11,289 3,259 2,216 32,200 Decrease10.5% 16,747 12,592 4,306 2,331 35,976 Decrease10.0% 39,966
Area of land in crops 12,507 8,288 2,106 2,057 24,958 Decrease8.6% 13,353 8,741 3,084 2,133 27,311 Decrease10.4% 30,469
Gross farm receipts ($ millions) 39.99 57.36 23.24 3.35 123.94 Decrease6.1% 57.75 40.52 30.61 3.16 132.04 Decrease6.7% 141.47
Total cattle and calves 2,672 1,854 x x 4,907 Decrease52.0% 3,571 2,725 3,919 0 10,215 Decrease11.8% 11,581
Total pigs x x x x x N/A x x x x 3,508 Decrease43.9% 6,254

x = suppressed for reasons of confidentiality

Geography[edit]

Identification of urban and rural features of the Region.

While the urban areas of Burlington, Oakville and Milton are experiencing rapid growth, there is still a significant proportion of the Region that is still rural, most of which is protected as part of the provincial Greenbelt or as part of the Niagara Escarpment Plan.

Halton is somewhat unique, in that it has three distinct climate zones within its relatively small area,[8] which are as follows:

  • Zone 5a - Halton Hills lying to the north of the Niagara Escarpment, together with the Town of Milton within the Grand River watershed
  • Zone 5b - the remainder of Halton Hills, Milton north of Derry Road, and that part of Burlington lying north of the Niagara Escarpment
  • Zone 6a - the southern remainder of the Region

Climate charts[edit]

GEORGETOWN WWTP
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
67
 
−2
−11
 
 
59
 
−1
−10
 
 
66
 
5
−7
 
 
75
 
12
0
 
 
75
 
19
5
 
 
80
 
24
10
 
 
75
 
27
13
 
 
85
 
26
12
 
 
84
 
21
8
 
 
67
 
14
2
 
 
79
 
7
−2
 
 
73
 
1
−8
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [9]
BURLINGTON TS
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
67
 
−1
−9
 
 
57
 
0
−8
 
 
70
 
5
−3
 
 
73
 
12
2
 
 
80
 
19
8
 
 
71
 
25
14
 
 
72
 
28
17
 
 
77
 
27
16
 
 
89
 
22
12
 
 
74
 
15
6
 
 
78
 
8
1
 
 
72
 
2
−5
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [10]
OAKVILLE SE WPCP
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
59
 
−1
−9
 
 
44
 
0
−9
 
 
62
 
5
−4
 
 
68
 
11
1
 
 
70
 
18
7
 
 
71
 
23
12
 
 
73
 
26
15
 
 
78
 
25
15
 
 
79
 
21
10
 
 
69
 
14
5
 
 
72
 
8
0
 
 
65
 
2
−6
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [11]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Halton Regional municipality census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-26. 
  2. ^ Halton Region Ranked Safest Place to Live in GTA, Top 5 in Canada
  3. ^ Regional Municipality of Halton Act, 1973, S.O. 1973, c. 70
  4. ^ Municipal Act, 2001, S.O. 2001, c. 25
  5. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-02. 
  6. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-02. 
  7. ^ "2006 Agricultural community profile". Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  8. ^ Plant Hardiness Zones of Canada
  9. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000". Environment Canada. Retrieved February 15, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000". Environment Canada. Retrieved February 15, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000". Environment Canada. Retrieved February 15, 2012. 

External links[edit]