Regional Municipality of York
|Regional Municipality of York|
|— Regional Municipality —|
|Motto: Ontario's Rising Star|
|Established||1971 (Regional Municipality)|
|• Chair||Bill Fisch|
|• Governing Body||York Regional Council|
|• Total||1,762.17 km2 (680.38 sq mi)|
|• Density||585.9/km2 (1,517/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
The Regional Municipality of York, also called York Region, is a regional municipality in Southern Ontario, Canada, between Lake Simcoe and Toronto. It replaced the former York County in 1971, and is part of the Greater Toronto Area and the inner ring of the Golden Horseshoe. The regional government is headquartered in Newmarket.
The 2011 census population was 1,032,524, surpassing the population mark of one million. At the Canada 2006 Census, 50,815 residents inhabited rural areas in the municipality, and 841,897 resided in urban areas. Its growth rate of 22.4% from 2001 to 2006 was the third highest amongst all census divisions in Canada, and the Government of Ontario expects its population to surpass 1.5 million residents by 2031.
York Region covers 1,762 square kilometres from Lake Simcoe in the north to the city of Toronto in the south. Its eastern border is shared with Durham Region, to the west is Peel Region, and Simcoe County is to the northwest. A map of the region showing its major roads and communities is available.
Towns and cities in York Region include:
- Town of Aurora
- Town of East Gwillimbury
- Town of Georgina
- Township of King
- City of Markham
- Town of Newmarket
- Town of Richmond Hill
- City of Vaughan
- Town of Whitchurch–Stouffville
The region is governed by a group known as York Regional Council, which consists of 20 elected representatives from each of the constituent towns and cities in the region, including each of the nine mayors and 11 regional councillors, who are elected from the constituent municipalities as follows:
- 1 from each of Georgina and Newmarket
- 2 from Richmond Hill
- 3 from Vaughan
- 4 from Markham
Federal and provincial representation 
York Region encompasses all or part of the federal electoral districts of Markham—Unionville, Newmarket—Aurora, Oak Ridges—Markham, Richmond Hill, Thornhill, Vaughan and York—Simcoe. The same districts are used to elect representatives federally in the Canadian House of Commons and provincially in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.
The economy of York Region is diverse. In general, the economy includes a full range of businesses from industrial to high-tech to rural / agricultural. New developments continually consume space year after and are especially focused along the Yonge Street corridor from Vaughan/Richmond Hill in the south to Newmarket/Aurora in the north. There are ongoing conflicts between conservationists and developers over land use. Most contentious is the conflict use of the Oak Ridges Moraine.
Major shopping centres located in York Region include:
- Hillcrest Mall (Richmond Hill)
- King Square Shopping Mall (Markham)
- Markville Shopping Centre (Markham)
- Pacific Mall (Markham)
- Market Village (Markham)
- The Promenade Shopping Centre (Vaughan)
- Times Square (Richmond Hill)
- The Mall at South Unionville Square (Markham)
- Upper Canada Mall (Newmarket)
- Woodside Mall (Markham)
- Vaughan Mills (Vaughan)
- First Markham Place (Markham)
Health Care 
There are currently three hospitals within the Municipality of York including:
All three hospitals are part of the Local Health Integration Network (LHIN) Hospital Partnerships.
During the summer of 2011, Mackenzie Vaughan Hospital is proposed and approved by the Minister of Health and Long-Term Care, Deb Matthews, to be constructed. The hospital site is proposed within the City of Vaughan at Major Mackenzie Drive on the east side of Highway 400. Current plans include a new $80 million building.
The arterial road network in York Region is a grid, with most roads running north-south or east-west. This was done under the orders of British surveyor Augustus Jones during the 1790s. York Region assigned approximately 50 roads as York Regional Routes, meaning that the cost of maintaining of these roads is paid for by York Region.
The major highways in the Region are:
- Highway 7 (east-west)
- Highway 9 (east-west)
- Highway 27 (north-south)
- Highway 48 (north-south
- Highway 50 (north-south)
- Highway 400 (north-south)
- Highway 404 (north-south)
- Highway 407 (east-west)
- Highway 427 (north-south)
Former highways include:
Air transportation 
Most air travel is served by Toronto Pearson International Airport, Canada's largest airport. Buttonville Municipal Airport is a regional airport in Markham, used for general aviation and business aircraft. There are also a few unpaved airports serving the region. Hare Field is located in Holland Landing (East Gwillimbury) and Belhaven Airport is located in Georgina.
Public transportation 
York Region is served by:
- York Region Transit (YRT), which includes the Viva bus rapid transit network
- GO Transit, which offers bus and train service
- Toronto Transit Commission, which has several bus routes which cross York's southern border, and which offer limited services in Vaughan, Richmond Hill and Markham.
Until 2001, the towns of York Region operated separate public transit services, which did not connect very well with each other. YRT was created by the Regional Government to combine five of these services:
- Vaughan Transit
- Markham Transit
- Richmond Hill Transit
- Aurora Transit - merged in 1999 with Newmarket Transit
- Newmarket Transit
Since 2001, bus routes have been extensively enhanced in the five communities which had pre-existing services, but YRT's services to East Gwillimbury is limited to two routes, and service to King, Georgina and Whitchurch-Stouffville are even more limited due to the relatively sparse populations in each of those towns.
Water in southern York is provided by Toronto Water and Peel Region by way of 3 pumping stations and reservoirs (Bayview, Dufferin and Milliken) using water from Lake Ontario. Keswick and Sutton obtain water from Lake Simcoe by way of water treatment plants. The remainder of York obtains water from a combination of water from Lake Ontario and underground wells. Some wells are maintained by the Region and the rest privately.
- Georgina -water from Lake Simcoe and private wells
- East Gwillimbury - region and private wells
- Newmarket - region wells and water from Lake Ontario
- Whitchurch-Stouffville - Region wells, water from Lake Ontario, private wells
- Markham - water from Lake Ontario and private wells
- Richmond Hill - water from Lake Ontario and private wells
- Aurora - water from Lake Ontario and private wells
- Vaughan - water from Lake Ontario and private wells
- King - water from Lake Ontario, Region and private wells
Water is distributed from 14 water pumping stations and stored at 37 elevated tanks and reservoirs.
Treatment Plants 
- Sutton Water Treatment Plant - closed
- Georgina Water Treatment Plant - replaces Sutton plant
- Keswick Water Treatment Plant
Public schools, with classes up to grade 12, are administered by the York Region District School Board, which operates 180 schools. In addition, the York Catholic District School Board operates 95 schools with a curriculum based in Roman Catholic doctrine.
Seneca College of Applied Arts and Technology has three campuses located in York Region, in King, Markham and Newmarket. There is currently no university presence in York Region, however, York University is located just outside of York Region's southern border in Toronto.
In addition, there are many other religious and private schools located in the Region. These include:
- Academy for Gifted Children (Richmond Hill)
- The Country Day School (King City)
- Holy Trinity School (Richmond Hill)
- Leo Baeck Day School (Thornhill)
- Ner Israel Yeshiva College (Thornhill)
- Netivot HaTorah Day School (Thornhill)
- Pickering College (Newmarket)
- St. Andrew's College (Aurora)
- St. Thomas of Villanova College (King City)
- Town Centre Montessori Private School (Markham)
- Blyth Education (Thornhill)
News media 
- York Region Media Group
- First Local/Rogers TV York Region
- CKVR - CTV Two (based in Barrie)
- CFU758 - 90.7 RAV FM (Thornhill)
- CKDX 88.5FM - Foxy 88-5 (Newmarket)
York's news media is also served by the outlets based in Toronto.
York Region has an unusual assortment of points of interest, ranging from nature reserves to pioneer-era museums, to a modern amusement park.
In Vaughan, the major attractions include the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, located in the community of Kleinburg and features works by Canadian artists including Inuit and First Nations artists. Canada's Wonderland, which features roller coasters and other rides, concerts and fireworks shows, is also in Vaughan.
Heritage sites and historical museums in the Region include:
- Hillary House National Historic Site (Aurora)
- Historic Downtown Newmarket (Newmarket)
- Georgina Military Museum (Georgina)
- Georgina Village Museum (Georgina)
- King Township Museum (King)
- Markham Museum (Markham)
- RHLS Narrow Gauge Railway (Whitchurch–Stouffville)
- Sharon Temple National Historic Site (East Gwillimbury)
- Whitchurch-Stouffville Museum (Whitchurch–Stouffville)
- York-Durham Heritage Railway (Whitchurch–Stouffville)
Following is a sample of other attractions in the area:
- Applewood Farm Winery (Whitchurch–Stouffville)
- Canadian Heritage Humber River
- Fred Varley Art Gallery (Markham)
- Canada's Wonderland (Vaughan)
- Oak Ridges Trail
- Puck's Farm (King)
- Richmond Hill Centre for the Performing Arts
- Sutton-Zephyr Trail
- Willow Springs Winery (Whitchurch–Stouffville)
- Words Alive Literary Festival (East Gwillimbury)
- Bare Oaks Family Naturist Park (East Gwillimbury)
- York Demonstration Forest (Whitchurch–Stouffville)
Protected areas 
- Baker Sugarbush Conservation Area
- Boyd Conservation Area
- Bruce's Mill Conservation Area
- Duclos Point Provincial Nature Reserve
- Gold Creek Conservation Area
- Holland Landing Prairie Provincial Nature Reserve
- Kortright Centre for Conservation
- Lake St. George Conservation Area
- Mabel Davis Conservation Area
- Milne Park
- Pickering Lands Preservation Site
- Rogers Reservoir Conservation Area 
- Sheppards Bush Conservation Area
- Sibbald Point Provincial Park
- Thornton Bales King Conservation Area
- Wesley Brooks Memorial Conservation Area (known as "Fairy Lake" locally)
- Whitchurch Conservation Area
- Willow Beach Conservation Area
Sister city 
The Regional Municipality of York is one of the fastest growing census divisions in Canada; from 2001 to 2006, its population increased by 22.4%. The 2009 mid-year population estimate by Statistics Canada was 1,016,379 residents. It is the third-largest census division in Ontario, next to that of Toronto and Peel Region, and seventh-largest in Canada. Its population density of 506.7 residents per square kilometre is 11th highest in Canada.
- in 2006: 892,712
- in 2001: 729,254
- change: +22.4%
- Land area (square km) 1,761.64
- Total private dwellings: 287,320
- Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 275,673
According to the 2006 census visible minorities comprised 37.2% of the population of York Region.
- Visible Minority groups
- Chinese: 15.6%
- South Asian: 9.1%
- West Asian: 2.4%
- Black: 2.4%
- Filipino: 1.9%
- Korean: 1.2%
- South East Asian: 1.1%
- Latin American: 1.0%
- Arab: 0.8%
- Japanese: 0.2%
- Other: 0.4%
- Multiple Visible Minority: 1.0%
- Average value of dwelling: $298,018
- First languages:
- Median total income of persons 15 years of age and over: $28,566
Adjacent census divisions 
||Simcoe County (Bradford West Gwillimbury) Lake Simcoe|
|Peel Region||Durham Region|
See also 
- Statistics Canada: 2012
- "Population counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions by urban population size groups and rural, 2006 Census - 100% data". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census divisions, 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (sorted by population change)". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- "York Region Official Plan — December 2009". Regional Municipality of York. 16 December 2009. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- "Council Members". The Regional Municipality of York. Retrieved 2006-10-26.
- "Reasons for Selection, 2009 Greater Toronto's Top Employers Competition".
- "York, Ontario (Regional municipality)". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-04-04.
- "Ontario census divisions — Annual population estimates at July 1". Annual Demographic Estimates. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-04-04.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census divisions, 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (sorted by 2006 population)". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census divisions, 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (sorted by 2006 population density)". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- "York, Ontario (Regional municipality)". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- "York Regional Municipality". 2001 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2006-10-26.
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