Regions of Denmark

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The Regions of Denmark were created as part of the 2007 Danish Municipal Reform. The five regions replace the former counties (amter). At the same time, the number of municipalities (kommuner) was cut from 270 to 98. The reform was made effective on 1 January 2007.

Unlike the counties, which they replaced to a large extent, the regions are not municipalities and therefore do not have the right to display coat of arms, but they do have logotypes. They do not themselves levy any taxes, but are financed partly by a tax levied by the central government and partly by their constituent municipalities.

The archipelago of Ertholmene is not part of any region or municipality. Statistically, they are named after the two inhabited islets Christiansø and Frederiksø, and in general are just called Christiansø. Inhabitants: 103 (2012), 92 (2013), 90 (2014). Area 0.39 square kilometers.

List of regions[edit]

The naming of the regions in English are not uniform. The government often uses the Danish names[1] or directly translated English names (e.g. Greater Copenhagen, Zealand, North Jutland, Southern Denmark, Central Jutland).[2] The regions themselves partially use other names in English, substituting 'Jutland' for 'Denmark', as shown below.

Danish name English name Seat of administration Largest city Chairman Population
(2014-01-01)
Total Area
(km²)
Pop. density
(per km²)
Corresponding counties (1970–2006)
Region Hovedstaden Capital Region of Denmark Hillerød Copenhagen Sophie Hæstorp Andersen 1,749,405 2,546.3 687.03 Copenhagen County and Frederiksborg, and the municipalities of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg and Bornholm
Region Midtjylland Central Denmark Region Viborg Aarhus Bent Hansen 1,277,538 13,000.2 98.27 Ringkjøbing, nearly all of Århus, the southern part of Viborg and the northern part of Vejle
Region Nordjylland North Denmark Region Aalborg Aalborg Ulla Astman 581,057 7,874.0 73.79 North Jutland, the northern part of Viborg County and a small part of Århus County
Region Sjælland Region Zealand Sorø Roskilde Jens Stenbæk 816,726 7,217.8 113.15 Roskilde, Storstrøm, and West Zealand
Region Syddanmark Region of Southern Denmark Vejle Odense Carl Holst 1,202,509 12,191 98.64 Funen, Ribe, South Jutland and the southern half of Vejle County
Danmark Denmark Copenhagen Copenhagen - 5,627,235 42,894.8 131.18

Note: Area and population numbers do not add up. Total area (land and water) mentioned for Denmark proper around 65 square kilometers larger. Land area around 42394 square kilometers.Christiansø and Frederiksø with a population of 90 (2014) also included in Denmark totals.

Tasks[edit]

The most important area of responsibility for the new regions is the public health service. They are also responsible for employment policies and public mass transit (buses and a few local railways). However, in eastern Denmark (Region Zealand and the Capital Region) there is only one employment region and transit is handled by a single transport agency, Movia.

Administration and politics[edit]

Regions are led by directly elected councils ('regionsråd); they consist of 41 members each. The head of the council is the regional council chairman (regionsrådsformand), who is elected by the council.[3] Elections are held simultaneously with municipal elections every four years. The last Danish local elections were held on 19 November 2013.

Unlike the former counties, regions are not entitled to levy their own taxes. Thus, the present regions rely entirely on central state funding (around 70%) and funding coming from the municipalities (around 30%). A central government "health contribution" tax (sundhedsbidrag) at 8.00% on the preliminary and final income statement forms has replaced the county tax (amtsskat).

90% of the budgets of the regions are allocated to the national health service. Health issues have remained the primary hot issue in regional politics, especially because grand changes of Denmark's hospital layout were announced immediately after the municipal reform.

History[edit]

The reform has been called the biggest reform in thirty years. It was an important policy issue for the former Liberal-Conservative cabinet, most importantly for Lars Løkke Rasmussen, then minister of the Interior and Health.

The abolition of the counties had long been an important goal for both the Conservatives and the Danish People's Party. In June 2004, the Danish People's Party decided to back the reform, thus securing a majority in the Danish parliament (Folketing), although the party had preferred just abolishing the counties without replacing them with a new intermediate administrative level (the other two being the central government and the municipalities). The parties who wanted to limit the regional tier of government prevailed insofar as the regions have no authority to levy any taxes, unlike the former counties.

State administrations[edit]

The 5 state administrations (statsforvaltning) are the representations of the central government in the five regions. They belong to The Ministry of the Interior and Health. Their jurisdictions follow the regional borders. These administrations are not subordinate to the regional councils, but rather the direct presence of the state (similar to governorates or prefectures in certain countries).

A state administration office exists in each region, supervising the daily business of municipalities and regions, and functioning as a body of appeal for citizens who wish to complain over a decision by the municipality or region. The offices also handle affairs concerning adoption, citizenship and divorces.

Each office is led by a Director of the State Administration (forvaltningsdirektør) who is a university graduate of law.

History[edit]

Henrik Frederik von Söhlenthal, a Danish county prefect in the 18th century

The predecessor of the state administrations, before the 2007 reform, were the state counties (statsamt). In Copenhagen Municipality the prefecture was called the 'Upper Presidium' (Københavns Overpræsidium). Each of these were led by a governmental civil servant, the county prefect ((stats)amtmand). In Copenhagen he was called the 'Lord President' (Københavns overpræsident), a title dating from 1747, but not widely known by the public. In some counties the prefect also performed the duty of overseeing the financial administration of the church as a diocesal county prefect (stiftamtmand), also being a part of the diocesan authorities within the National Church.

The county prefect was also the political leader of county councils until the first municipal reform of 1970, when this task was taken over by the county mayor (amtsborgmester) who was one of the elected county council members. In Copenhagen Municipality, the switch was made in 1938 when the title of Lord Mayor (overborgmester) was created.

With the notable exception of cases concerning i.e. divorce and child custody, the general public are not acquainted with what goes on in the prefectures (from 1970) or the 5 State Administrations (from 2007). Also, the county prefect in his uniform would be the person to receive the Queen on her visits throughout the country.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ E.g. [Statistics Denmark] in the Statistical Yearbook 2009, page 32
  2. ^ English names of state administrations
  3. ^ The Danish Regions – in Brief (3rd revised edition. ed.). Copenhagen: Danske Regioner. 2007. ISBN 978-87-7723-471-2. 

External links[edit]