Regions of Slovakia

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Slovakia location map no surrounding.svg

SŁO Kraj Bratysławski COA.svg 
Bratislava
SŁO Kraj Trnawski COA.svg 
Trnava
Nitra Region Coat of Arms.svg Nitra
SŁO Kraj Trenczyński COA.svg 
Trenčín
SŁO Kraj Żyliński COA.svg Žilina
SŁO Kraj Bańskobystrzycki COA.svg 
Banská Bystrica
SŁO Kraj Preszowski COA.svg Prešov
SŁO Kraj Koszycki COA.svg Košice

Since 1949 (except 1990–1996), Slovakia has been divided into a number of kraje (singular kraj; usually translated as "Regions" with capital R). Their number, borders and functions have been changed several times. There are currently eight regions of Slovakia and they correspond to the EU's NUTS 3 level of local administrative units. Each kraj consists of okresy (counties). There are currently 79 Districts.

List[edit]

After a period without kraje and without any equivalent (1990–1996), the kraje were reintroduced in 1996. As for administrative division, Slovakia has been subdivided into 8 kraje since 24 July 1996:

Region Capital Pop. Area (km²) Density
Bratislava Bratislava 603,699 2,052.6 294.11
Trnava Trnava 554,172 4,172.2 132.76
Trenčín Trenčín 600,386 4,501.9 133.36
Nitra Nitra 708,498 6,343.4 111.69
Žilina Žilina 694,763 6,808.4 102.04
Banská Bystrica Banská Bystrica 657,119 9,454.8 69.50
Prešov Prešov 798,596 8,974.5 88.98
Košice Košice 771,947 6,751.9 114.33

Since 2002, Slovakia is divided into 8 samosprávne kraje (self-governing regions), which are called by the Constitution vyššie územné celky (Higher Territorial Units), abbr. VÚC. The territory and borders of the self-governing regions are identical with the territory and borders of the kraje. Therefore, the word "kraj" can be replaced by "VÚC" or "samosprávny kraj" in each case in the above list. The main difference is that organs of samosprávne kraje are self-governance, with an elected chairperson and assembly, while the organs of kraje are appointed by the government.

Name[edit]

The term "Region" (Slovak: kraj) should not be confused with:

History[edit]

Prior to 1949[edit]

Historically, Slovakia was not divided into kraje, but into counties (Slovak: župy or stolice). This was the case when present-day Slovakia was part of:

In 1928–1939 (and formally also 1945–1948) Slovakia as a whole formed the administrative unit "Slovak land" (Krajina slovenská) within Czechoslovakia.

Kraje 24 December 1948/1 January 1949 – 30 June 1960[edit]

  • Bratislavský kraj (Bratislava Region)
  • Banskobystrický kraj (Banská Bystrica Region)
  • Košický kraj (Košice Region)
  • Nitriansky kraj (Nitra Region)
  • Prešovský kraj (Prešov Region)
  • Žilinský kraj (Žilina Region)

Each kraj was named after its principal city.

Kraje July 1, 1960 – December 19, 1990[edit]

Note: The kraje were abolished from July 1, 1969 to December 28, 1970 and reintroduced then.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]