Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf
The Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf, Inc (RID) is a non-profit organization, founded in 1964 and incorporated in 1972, that seeks to uphold standards, ethics, and professionalism for American Sign Language interpreters. As an important part of this mission, they maintain a certification program. On their website, RID states they have "worked diligently to provide the "three Q's" of interpreting: "Quantity, Qualifications and Quality." As of 2013 there were over 16,000 members and 58 affiliate chapters.
Since August 2004, RID has been building stronger ties with the National Association of the Deaf (NAD), including a joint Code of Professional Ethics and the merging of their respective certification programs. They jointly developed the National Interpreter Certification test (NIC), which was adopted in 2005.
Code of Professional Conduct
As part of their push to improve the ethics of the profession, RID developed a Code of Professional Coduct which apply to all their members, members of the NAD, and certified interpreters. It was adopted July 2005 and replace the old Code of Ethics. The code recognizes the rights of the American Deaf community to fully communicate and participate in all aspects of society. Interpreters adhere to standards of confidentiality, professionalism, conduct, respect for consumers, and respect for colleagues.
RID has a national certification system with three key components:
- The National Testing System (NTS)
- The Certification Maintenance Program (CMP) - assures the continual skill development of certified interpreters
- The Ethical Practices System (EPS) - gives consumers the ability to express concerns or make complaints about the quality of interpreting/transliterating services
In previous incarnations of the NTS, the following certifications were given to interpreters meeting the testing criteria (All credentials awarded by the Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf will remain valid as long as the holder of said certification(s) maintains their membership and maintenance program.):
- CSC - Comprehensive Skills Certificate (offered 1972 - 1988)
- IC - Interpretation Certificate (offered 1972 - 1988)
- TC - Transliteration Certificate (offered 1972 - 1988)
- IC/TC - Interpretation and Transliteration Certificates (offered 1972 - 1988)
- RSC - Reverse Skills Certificate - awarded only to Deaf / hard-of-hearing interpreters/transliterators (offered 1972 - 1988)
- SC: L - Specialist Certificate: Legal (first certificate version of this certification was offered 1975 - 1978)
- SC: PA - Specialist Certificate: Performing Arts (offered 1975 - 1978)
- OIC: C - Oral Interpreting Certificate (offered 1979 - 1983)
- CI - Certificate of Interpretation (first offered in 1988, being phased out as of 2005)
- CT - Certificate of Transliteration (first offered in 1988, being phased out as of 2005)
- CDI - Certified Deaf Interpreter
- OTC - Oral Transliteration Certificate
- SC: L - Specialist Certificate: Legal
As of July 2005, a new certification test, developed with the NAD, was implemented and the CI and CT tests began to be phased out. The new certification is the National Interpreter Certification (NIC) and has three levels: NIC, NIC Advanced, and NIC Master.