Rehab (Amy Winehouse song)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Rehab"
Single by Amy Winehouse
from the album Back to Black
B-side "Do Me Good", "Close to Front"
Released 23 October 2006 (2006-10-23) (UK)
20 March 2007 (2007-03-20) (US)
Format CD single, digital download
Recorded 2006
Genre Soul,[1][2][3] R&B[1][4]
Length 3:35
Label Island
Writer(s) Amy Winehouse
Producer(s) Mark Ronson
Certification Platinum (RIAA)
Amy Winehouse singles chronology
"Pumps"/"Help Yourself"
(2004)
"Rehab"
(2006)
"You Know I'm No Good"
(2007)
Amy Winehouse U.S. singles chronology
"You Know I'm No Good"
(2007)
"Rehab"
(2007)
"Tears Dry on Their Own"
(2007)
Back to Black track listing
"Rehab"
(1)
"You Know I'm No Good"
(2)
Alternative cover
Remix cover featuring Jay-Z
Audio sample
file info · help

"Rehab" is a song by English singer-songwriter Amy Winehouse, released on 23 October 2006 as the first single from her second studio album, Back to Black (2006). Written by Winehouse and produced by Mark Ronson, the lyrics are autobiographical, and talk about Winehouse's refusal one time to enter a rehabilitation clinic. It peaked at number 7 in the UK on its Singles Chart and number 9 in the US on the Billboard Hot 100,[5][6] her first top ten hit in the US.

It has become a critical and commercial success internationally, and has been referred to as Amy Winehouse's "signature song".[7] It won three Grammy Awards in 2008, including Record of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, and was nominated for two more.[8] It also won an Ivor Novello Award for Best Contemporary Song.[9] Winehouse's public battle with drug and alcohol addiction, and subsequent death, has resulted in some of the song's continuing popularity and appearance in the media. The song has been covered by a list of artists, from Seether to Jamaican Mento band The Jolly Boys, and from Hot Chip to Lea Salonga.

Background[edit]

"Rehab" was produced by Mark Ronson and released as the album's lead single in October 2006 in the UK and January 2007 elsewhere. The song was written about Winehouse's refusal to attend an alcohol rehabilitation centre after her management team encouraged her to go. "I asked my dad if he thought I needed to go. He said no, but I should give it a try. So I did, for just 15 minutes. I went in said 'hello' and explained that I drink because I am in love and have screwed up the relationship. Then I walked out."[10] Winehouse later changed her management company.[11]

Ronson expanded on the songwriting process when interviewed by DJ Zane Lowe for the BBC Radio's Radio 1's Stories in an episode broadcast on BBC Radio 1 on Monday 18 July 2011:

I was walking down the street with Amy. We were in New York and we'd been working together for about a week and we were walking to some store. She wanted to buy a present for her boyfriend and she was telling me about a specific time in her life that was.... I feel bad, like, talking about a friend like this, but I think I've told this story enough times.... but she hit, like, a certain low and her dad came over to try and talk some sense into her. And she was like, "He tried to make me go to rehab and I was like, 'Pfft, no no no.'" And the first thing I was like, "ding ding ding ding ding." Like, I mean I'm supposed to be like, "How was that for you?" and all I'm like is, "We've got to go back to the studio."

Mitch Winehouse, Amy's father, confirms Ronson's story about the origins of the song in his 2012 biography of her, Amy, My Daughter. He writes that Ronson and Winehouse inspired each other musically adding that Amy had written that line in one of her notebooks years before, and told him that she was planning to write a song about that day. After Ronson heard the line during their conversation in New York, he suggested they turn it into a song. The book says that was the moment when the song "came to life".[12]

In the lyrics Winehouse mentions "Ray" and "Mr. Hathaway", in reference to Ray Charles and Donny Hathaway.

Live performances[edit]

On 12 March 2007, Winehouse performed the song live for her US television debut on the Late Show with David Letterman.[13] And for a while, she replaced "Ray" with "Blake", referring to her ex-husband, Blake Fielder-Civil, in live performances.

Music video[edit]

The music video was directed by Phil Griffin and released in September 2006. It features Winehouse's band playing their instruments while she sings to the camera. The band members are dressed in gowns throughout the video, with one member dressed similarly to Donny Hathaway. It begins with Winehouse rising from bed and then moving to the bathroom. For the second verse, Winehouse is on a chair in a psychiatrist's office, presumably explaining herself to an unseen psychiatrist. In contrast to the lyrics, the video ends with Winehouse in rehab, sitting on a bed in a white-tiled clinical ward room with her band around her. The video was shot by director of photography Adam Frisch. On 31 May 2007, "Rehab" debuted on MTV's Total Request Live and later peaked at number one on 7 June.[14] The music video was also nominated for Video of the Year at the 2007 MTV Video Music Awards, but lost out to Rihanna's "Umbrella."

Critical reception[edit]

"Rehab" has been hailed by music critics. Rolling Stone called it a "Motown-style winner with a banging beat and a lovesick bad girl testifying like Etta James."[15] People magazine called the track "instantly memorable."[16] Billboard remarked that Winehouse's vocals on the song were "Shirley Bassey-meets-Ella Fitzgerald" and called the track "a better buzz than a double-gin martini."[2] This song was ranked number 7 on Rolling Stone's list of the 100 Best Songs of 2007[17] and number 194 on the same magazine's updated list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.[18] This song was also ranked number 92 on MTV Asia's list of Top 100 Hits of 2007.[19] TIME magazine named "Rehab" at number one on their 10 Best Songs of 2007. Writer Josh Tyrangiel praised Winehouse for her confidence, opining, "What she is is mouthy, funny, sultry, and quite possibly crazy" and, "It's impossible not to be seduced by her originality. Combine it with production by Mark Ronson that references four decades worth of soul music without once ripping it off, and you've got the best song of 2007."[20] Entertainment Weekly put it on its end-of-the-decade, "best-of" list, saying, "Soon she'd be making headlines for all the wrong reasons. But back in 2007, we were all saying yes, yes, yes to the British belter's one-of-a-kind voice."[21] In 2011, NME placed it at number 8 on its list "150 Best Tracks of the Past 15 Years".[22]

The song won the Ivor Novello Award for Best Contemporary Song for songwriting on 24 May 2007.[23] In July 2007, the track was shortlisted for the Popjustice £20 Music Prize, which recognises the best British pop singles over the past year. "Rehab" won, making Winehouse only the third act to win the award, after Girls Aloud and Rachel Stevens. The single also won Song of the Year at The Village Voice's annual Pazz & Jop. On 10 February 2008, "Rehab" won three Grammy Awards: Record of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance.[24]

Chart performance[edit]

On 22 October 2006, based solely on download sales, "Rehab" entered the UK Singles Chart at number nineteen and when the physical single was released the following week, it climbed to number seven, Winehouse's highest chart position at the time by more than 50 places. By 25 October the album was approaching five-time platinum in the UK, making it the best-selling record of 2007.[25]

The song entered the Billboard Hot 100 at number 91 on the 31 March 2007 chart without an official single release. Winehouse's current single at the time, "You Know I'm No Good", entered one spot above, at number 90, the same week.[26] After lingering in the bottom portions of the Hot 100 for several months, the song suddenly jumped 38 spots to number ten on the 23 June chart,[27] due to digital sales following Winehouse's live performance of the song on the MTV Movie Awards on 3 June 2007; sales of the official remix featuring rapper Jay-Z also had a small effect, helping it to peak in the 70s on the iTunes Top 100 in the US. After a change of rules in the UK allowing all digital downloads to be counted for the singles chart, "Rehab" re-entered the chart at number 20 for the week ending 13 January 2007, whilst "You Know I'm No Good" occupied the number 40 spot as a new entry on downloads alone.

The Ronson-produced song also topped at the top ten in more than 10 countries including Canada, Spain, Denmark, and Israel, peaking in Norway and Hungary. It reached the top 20 in France, the Netherlands, Austria, Switzerland and Finland, attaining a peak position of number 23 on the European Hot 100 Singles.

As of March 2008, the single had sold 357,943 copies commercially and on downloads in the UK. Between October 2006 and June 2007, the single spent 34 consecutive weeks in the official UK top 75 and has re-entered it again several times since, most recently at number 29 on 31 July 2011 in the wake of the singer's death, giving it a current total of 59 weeks in the top 75, making it the joint 10th longest runner of all time, and 76 in the top 100.

It also became her first top ten hit on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at number nine. The Recording Industry Association of America certified "Rehab" platinum on 11 February 2010 for sales of over 1 million copies.[28] The song, despite an October 2006 release date, was an enduring hit throughout 2007; with UK sales of 131,415 in 2007 alone, it finished the year as the UK's fifth-sixth biggest-selling single. It is Winehouse's longest-running UK chart hit, but her Ronson collaboration "Valerie" has proven to be her biggest seller to date. As of 2012 the song has sold more than 1.5 million copies in UK and more than 1 million in the US.

Covers[edit]

Several musicians have released covers and alternate versions of the song.

Track listings and formats[edit]

UK CD Single (CD 1)[40]
No. Title Length
1. "Rehab" (Album Version) 3:36
2. "Do Me Good"   4:20
UK CD Maxi-Single (CD 2)[41]
No. Title Length
1. "Rehab" (Album Version) 3:36
2. "Close to the Front"   4:35
3. "Rehab" (Desert Eagle Discs Vocal Mix) 5:00
UK digital download
No. Title Length
1. "Rehab (Hot Chip Vocal Remix)" (Hot Chip Remix) 6:58
2. "Rehab (Pharoahe Monch Remix)" (Amy Winehouse vs Pharoahe Monch) 3:36
3. "Rehab (Vodafone Live)" (Live at TBA) 3:40
USA digital download
No. Title Length
1. "Rehab (Remix)" (featuring Jay Z) 3:52
2. "Rehab (Pharoahe Monch Remix)" (Amy Winehouse vs Pharoahe Monch) 3:36

Charts and certifications[edit]

Chart procession and succession[edit]

Preceded by
"Hurt" by Christina Aguilera
Belgian VRT Top 30 Flanders number-one single
17 February 2007 – 3 March 2007 (3 weeks)
Succeeded by
"Kvraagetaan" by Fixkes
Preceded by
"Big Girls Don't Cry" by Fergie
"Beautiful Girls" by Sean Kingston
"Into the Night" by Santana featuring Chad Kroeger
Hungarian Airplay Chart number-one single
3 December 2007 – 9 December 2007 (1 week)
17 December 2007 – 23 December 2007 (1 week)
4 February 2008 – 10 February 2008 (1 week)
Succeeded by
"Beautiful Girls" by Sean Kingston
"The Way I Are" by Timbaland featuring Keri Hilson
"The Way I Are" by Timbaland featuring Keri Hilson
Preceded by
"Take It Easy" by William Hut
Norwegian number-one single
6 February 2007 – 6 March 2007 (5 weeks)
Succeeded by
"All Good Things (Come to an End)" by Nelly Furtado

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tingen, Paul (August 2007). "Secrets Of The Mix Engineers: Tom Elmhirst". Sound on Sound. Retrieved 2 May 2014. "The track has a retro, '60s soul, R&B feel, which is what the Dap Kings specialise in. It is definitely a nod to '60s soul wall-of-sound style production." 
  2. ^ a b "Amy Winehouse – Rehab". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media) 119 (19): 38. 12 May 2007. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  3. ^ "Songs You Need To Download Now!". Spin 23 (1): 28. January 2007. ISSN 0886-3032. 
  4. ^ Firestone, Carolyn (2008). Killing the Buzz: The Real Story on Rehab. ProQuest. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-5496-1012-0. "the Grammy nominated R&B single by Amy Winehouse, appropriately titled “Rehab.”" 
  5. ^ a b "Archive Chart" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved 27 July 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Amy Winehouse Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot 100 for Amy Winehouse. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
  7. ^
  8. ^ "GRAMMY Rewind: 50th Annual GRAMMY Awards". Grammy.com. The Recording Academy. 10 February 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  9. ^ "Music Amy Winehouse 1983 – 2011". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  10. ^ Swift, Jacqui (27 October 2006). "Wine, Woman and Song". The Sun. Retrieved 15 November 2006. 
  11. ^ Dingwall, John (27 October 2006). "Wine and Poses". The Daily record. Retrieved 15 November 2006. 
  12. ^ Winehouse, Mitch (2012). Amy, My Daughter. HarperCollins. p. 69. 
  13. ^ "Amy Winehouse – "Rehab" Live on David Letterman". YouTube. 
  14. ^ "Chart News: TRL Recap (June 2007)". ATRL. June 2007. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  15. ^ Hoard, Christian (6 February 2007). "Amy Winehouse – Back to Black". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  16. ^ Arnold, Chuck (26 November 2007). "Picks and Pans Review: Amy Winehouse". People (Time Inc.). Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  17. ^ Hoard, Christian (11 December 2007). The 100 Best Songs of 2007 at the Wayback Machine (archived 15 December 2007). Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. Retrieved 13 February 2008.
  18. ^ "500 Greatest Songs of All Time: Amy Winehouse, 'Rehab'". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  19. ^ Top 100 Hits List at the Wayback Machine (archived 11 December 2007). MTV Asia. Viacom International. Retrieved 27 December 2007.
  20. ^ Tyrangiel, Josh (9 December 2007). "Top 10 Everything of 2007 – Top 10 Songs". Time. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  21. ^ Geier, Thom; Jensen, Jeff; Jordan, Tina; Lyons, Margaret; Markovitz, Adam; Nashawaty, Chris; Pastorek, Whitney; Rice, Lynette; Rottenberg, Josh; Schwartz, Missy; Slezak, Michael; Snierson, Dan; Stack, Tim; Stroup, Kate; Tucker, Ken; Vary, Adam B.; Vozick-Levinson, Simon; Ward, Kate (11 December 2009), "THE 100 Greatest MOVIES, TV SHOWS, ALBUMS, BOOKS, CHARACTERS, SCENES, EPISODES, SONGS, DRESSES, MUSIC VIDEOS, AND TRENDS THAT ENTERTAINED US OVER THE PAST 10 YEARS". Entertainment Weekly. (1079/1080):74-84
  22. ^ "150 Best Tracks Of The Past 15 Years: Amy Winehouse – Rehab". NME. IPC Media. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  23. ^ Winehouse wins best contemporary song at the Wayback Machine (archived 4 November 2007). ninemsn. 27 May 2007. Retrieved 27 December 2007.
  24. ^ Pop, Dance, Traditional Pop and Rock at the Wayback Machine (archived 17 June 2007). Grammy Award. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  25. ^ Amy Winehouse – I Told You I Was Trouble – Documentary & Live Concert DVD at the Wayback Machine (archived 11 December 2007). I Like Music. 25 October 2007. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  26. ^ Hasty, Katie (22 March 2007). "Fergie Scores Second 'Glamorous' Week At No. 1". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  27. ^ Cohen, Jonathan (14 June 2007). "Rihanna's 'Umbrella' Reigns Again Atop Hot 100". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 14 June 2007. 
  28. ^ "Gold & Platinum Searchable Database – "Rehab"". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  29. ^ "Hot Hot Heat's Myspace page". Myspace. Retrieved 25 March 2008. 
  30. ^ "FRANKMUSIC: Rehab (Amy Winehouse Cover)". Hard Candy. 17 February 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  31. ^ Streeter, Leslie Gray (11 August 2007), "Projekt [sic] Revolution Crowd Rocks with Humor, Energy". Palm Beach Post :2C
  32. ^ Gornstein, Leslie (13 June 2007), Answer Bitch EOnline Retrieved 1 April 2008
  33. ^ "Justin Timberlake Singing Rehab (for Britney?)". YouTube. 5 June 2007. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  34. ^ "Fergie "Rehab/Scat" Anaheim, Ca". YouTube. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  35. ^ "Kanye West plays tribute to Amy Winehouse at V Festival". NME (IPC Media). 18 August 2007. Retrieved 18 August 2007. 
  36. ^ "rehab – amy winehouse Terra Naomi Cover". YouTube. 5 August 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  37. ^ "Amy Winehouse Gets Rap Makeover From Jay-Z". World Entertainment News Network. Starpulse.com. 24 April 2007. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  38. ^ "Various – Radio 1's Live Lounge: Volume 2 (CD, Abum)". Discogs. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  39. ^ "Wilfredo sings Rehab at Lockstock Festival". YouTube. Retrieved 8 January 2012. 
  40. ^ "Amy Winehouse – Rehab (CD)". Discogs. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  41. ^ "Amy Winehouse – Rehab (CD)". Discogs. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  42. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Amy Winehouse – Rehab". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved 31 July 2011.
  43. ^ "Amy Winehouse – Rehab – Austriancharts.at" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 19 January 2008.
  44. ^ "Ultratop.be – Amy Winehouse – Rehab" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 19 January 2008.
  45. ^ "Ultratop.be – Amy Winehouse – Rehab" (in French). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 19 January 2008.
  46. ^ (Dutch) "Rehab – AMY WINEHOUSE". Top 30. Retrieved 2 May 2014. "Hoogste notering in de top 30 : 1" 
  47. ^ "Amy Winehouse Album & Song Chart History" Canadian Hot 100 for Amy Winehouse. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
  48. ^ (Czech) "RADIO TOP100 Oficiální – WINEHOUSE AMY – Rehab". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 8 March 2008. 
  49. ^ "Amy Winehouse – Rehab Hitlisten.nu" (in Danish). Tracklisten. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  50. ^ "Amy Winehouse Album & Song Chart History" European Hot 100 for Amy Winehouse. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
  51. ^ "Amy Winehouse: Rehab" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved 19 January 2008.
  52. ^ "Lescharts.com – Amy Winehouse – Rehab" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved 19 January 2008.
  53. ^ "Die ganze Musik im Internet: Charts, News, Neuerscheinungen, Tickets, Genres, Genresuche, Genrelexikon, Künstler-Suche, Musik-Suche, Track-Suche, Ticket-Suche – musicline.de" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
  54. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ – Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége" (in Hungarian). Rádiós Top 40 játszási lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved 8 March 2008.
  55. ^ "International: Songs – Radio". Media Forest. 30 July 2011. 
  56. ^ "Italiancharts.com – Amy Winehouse – Rehab". Top Digital Download. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  57. ^ "Chart Track". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
  58. ^ "Amy Winehouse Album & Song Chart History" Japan Hot 100 for Amy Winehouse. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  59. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 12, 2007" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved 25 October 2010.
  60. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Amy Winehouse – Rehab" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  61. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Amy Winehouse – Rehab". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 19 January 2008.
  62. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Amy Winehouse – Rehab". VG-lista. Retrieved 19 January 2008.
  63. ^ (Slovak) "RADIO TOP100 Oficiálna – WINEHOUSE AMY – REHAB". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 8 March 2008. 
  64. ^ "Spanishcharts.com – Amy Winehouse – Rehab" Canciones Top 50. Retrieved 8 August 2009.
  65. ^ "Promusicae (Week: January 1, 2008)". Productores de Música de España. Retrieved 13 July 2008. 
  66. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Amy Winehouse – Rehab". Singles Top 60. Retrieved 19 January 2008.
  67. ^ "Amy Winehouse – Rehab – swisscharts.com". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 19 January 2008.
  68. ^ "Amy Winehouse Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Adult Pop Songs for Amy Winehouse. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
  69. ^ "Amy Winehouse Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Alternative Songs for Amy Winehouse. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
  70. ^ "Amy Winehouse Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Pop Songs for Amy Winehouse. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
  71. ^ "ChartsPlusYE2026". UKchartsplus.co.uk. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  72. ^ (German) "Jahreshitparade 2007". Austriancharts.at. Hung Medien. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  73. ^ (Dutch) "Jaaroverzichten 2007". Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  74. ^ (Dutch) "Jaaroverzichten – Single 2007". Single Top 100. Hung Medien. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  75. ^ (German) "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 2007". Hitparade.ch. Hung Medien. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  76. ^ "ChartsPlusYE2007". UKchartsplus.co.uk. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  77. ^ "Top 100 Hits for 2007". The Longbored Surfer. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  78. ^ (German) "Jahreshitparade 2008". Austriancharts.at. Hung Medien. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  79. ^ (Dutch) "Jaaroverzichten 2008". Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  80. ^ (French) "Rapports annuels 2008". Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  81. ^ a b (Spanish) Top 50 Canciones Anual 2008 at the Wayback Machine (archived 26 March 2010). PROMUSICAE. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
  82. ^ (German) "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 2008". Hitparade.ch. Hung Medien. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  83. ^ "ChartsPlusYE2008". UKchartsplus.co.uk. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  84. ^ "Ultratop − Goud en Platina – 2008". Ultratop & Hung Medien / hitparade.ch. 
  85. ^ (Danish) "Guld og platin i april". IFPI Denmark. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  86. ^ "Italian single certifications – Amy Winehouse – Rehab" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry.  Select Online in the field Scegli la sezione. Select Week -- and Year ----. Enter Amy Winehouse in the field Artista. Click Avvia la ricerca
  87. ^ "New Zealand single certifications – Amy Winehouse – Rehab". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. 
  88. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Amy Winehouse; 'Rehab')". Hung Medien. 
  89. ^ "British single certifications – Amy Winehouse – Rehab". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter Rehab in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Click Go
  90. ^ "American single certifications – Amy Winehouse – Rehab". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH

External links[edit]