|This article has statements which are anachronisms.|
|Abdul Rehman Malik
|Interior Minister of Pakistan|
25 March 2008 – 16 March 2013
|Prime Minister||Yousaf Gillani
|Vice PM||Pervez Illahi|
|Preceded by||Hamid Nawaz-Khan|
|Succeeded by||Malik Habib|
|Director General of the Federal Investigation Agency|
23 October 1993 – 10 November 1998
|Preceded by||G. Moinuddin|
|Succeeded by||Iftikhar Ahmad Khan|
|Born||Abdul Rehman Malik
12 December 1951
|Citizenship|| Pakistan (1951-2003; 2013–)
United Kingdom (2003-2012)
|Political party||Pakistan Peoples Party|
|Alma mater||University of Karachi|
|Notable Award(s)||Nishan-e-Imtiaz (2012)|
Abdul Rehman Malik (Urdu: رحمان ملک; b. 12 December 1951) NI, is a Pakistani statesman and retired bureaucrat, having served as the Interior minister from being appointed on 25 March 2008 until 16 March 16, 2013.
Prior to his entry in national politics, Malik had pursued a successful career in the FIA as special agent, and eventually becoming Director FIA in 1993 until 1996. During his stint as Director FIA, he coordinated successful counter-terrorist operations in the country as well as abroad, including the arrest and extradition of Yousaf Ramzi to the United States in 1995. After being removed from the Directorship of FIA, Malik moved to United Kingdom and began the political activity through the PPP platform.
From 2004 until 2007, he served as the chief of security of Benazir Bhutto and became senior official of the central committee of PPP. After successfully contesting in general elections held in 2008, Malik was appointed adviser and eventually appointed as Interior minister by Prime Minister Yousaf Gillani. In 2013, he lost his ministerial appointment after a Supreme Court's hearing against the dual nationality case. The case's decision also influenced his decision of resigning from the Pakistan Senate, also the same year.
Early life and education
Rehman Malik was born in on 12 December 1951 in Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan. He gained his BSc degree and MSc in Statistics in 1973 from the Karachi University. In 2011, Malik was conferred with honorary PhD by the Karachi University in recognition of "matchless services to the country in the war on terror and particularly in restoring peace to the citizens of Karachi."
Controversially, the decision of conferring PhD to Rehman Malik was criticized by the university's professors. The media also criticized the university's decision. Over this issue, the teachers society of Karachi University passed a unanimous resolution Governor of Sindh and the Vice Chancellor to revoke the honorary doctorate degree awarded to Rehman Malik.
In 1973, Malik joined the National Alien Registration Authority (NARA) as the immigration agent and subsequently served in the various services of the intelligence community, working in various criminal offense cases. In 1980s, Rehman Malik joined the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) as a special agent and initially investigated cases against KHAD's terrorists sponsored operations in the country. Eventually he was appointed as an Additional Director-General of the FIA in 1993. His appointment was personally approved by Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.
As Director FIA, Malik launched a secret war against the Islamist elements in Pakistan, which amounted to a direct attack on the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI). His efforts equally dismayed the military establishment by reports of FIA contacting the Israeli secret service, the Mossad, to investigate Islamist terrorists. The FIA leadership under Malik also angered Taliban supporters within the conservative establishment, because they allowed the extradition of Ramzi Yousef to the United States for trial on the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.
Removal from FIA and exile in UK
In the ending months of 1996, President Farooq Leghari exercised the constitutional option to dismiss his party's own government. One of the first acts of President Leghari after dismissing Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto on 5 November 1996 was to imprison Ghulam Asghar, DG FIA, on non specified corruption charges, and Malik, Additional Director General of FIA, was also arrested.
Immediately, Malik was terminated from the FIA by the Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in 1997. In November 1998, Malik termed the termination of his service by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif an "act of retaliation" because of the 200-page report, which he had sent to then-President Rafiq Tarar, disclosing large-scale corruption of Sharif family.Malik then flied to London and made corruption accusation against the Sharif brothers. With the dismissal of the government of the PPP, Malik had left the country and settled in the United Kingdom where he set up his own private security firm, DM Digital Network. Malik, serving at the capacity as firm's president, established its head office at Manchester, United Kingdom. Through this firm, he assisted Benazir Bhutto during her exile, and he was the Chief of Security of Bhutto when she returned home in 2007.
During his nine-year long exile in England, Malik obtained British citizenship. However, Malik stated that he gave up his British nationality in 2008 before holding public office. He was Founder President of DM Digital Network with head office at Manchester but he resigned after his appointment as Advisor/Minister to the Prime Minister for Interior
Over his years in the United Kingdom, he grew closer to elite central committee of the PPP. In 2007, he replaced Amin Fahim as the most trusted political aide of Benazir Bhutto and appointed as chief of security of Benazir Bhutto in 2007.
He became extremely known in public after breaking a "political deal" between Benazir Bhutto and Pervez Musharraf, which allowed Benazir Bhutto to return to the country. Earlier in 2002, Fahim had formed the extension of PPP (although later emerged it) and acted as the leader of PPP in the absence of Benazir and her husband Asif Ali Zardari.
It was also reported in the News International that after Malik took over the role of top "adviser and broker" of Benazir on important matters ranging from politics to business, Fahim seemed to have become an "obsolete political commodity."
Interior Minister (2008—13)
After PPP formed the Federal Government following the 2008 general elections, Malik was appointed as an "adviser on interior, intelligence, and narcotics control" by Prime Minister Yousaf Gillani. However, he was upgraded as Interior minister on 27 April 2009, in Prime Minister Gillani's cabinet prior to becoming senator.
Malik was an Interior minister during the penultimate times in the history of the country. In a research analysis written in Dawn Newspapers, his stint as Interior minister has been criticized over the issues of target killings in Sindh and the security aftermath of Afghanistan war. Interior Minister Malik has offered a $1 million bounty for the capture of Ehsanullah Ehsan (Isanullah Isan), the Pakistani Taliban spokesman who had attempted to try and justify the shocking October 2012 attempted assassination (and further threats on the life) of the 14-year-old Pakistani female blogger Malala Yousufzai (Yousafzai), a native of the Mingora region of the Swat Valley who had campaigned for the human and educational rights of girls and women in Pakistan and beyond, to international acclaim (the Taliban claimed to have acted not because of her work for education, but mainly because she was a Western spy who had broken Sharia law by opposing the mujahedeen- now used as a term for the Taliban and related militant groups- in their 'war' against the West; Malala is being treated in England for her injuries, and the Taliban's sources of motivation are disputed).
The Constitution bears a foreign national (or dual nationality holders) to hold any public office of the Government of Pakistan. The Supreme Court of Pakistan retroactively suspended and terminated the electoral membership of Farahnaz Ispahani over the issue of dual nationality on 25 May 2012.
In a reference filed against Malik, the Supreme Court began the hearings against Malik over the suspicion of his British nationality. Effectively, the Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry suspended the electoral membership of Malik when he had shown reluctance to submit a declaration by the United Kingdom's Border Agency to establish that his client had surrendered the British nationality on 6 June 2012. Despite the Supreme Court verdict, he was reinstated by Prime Minister Gilani after issuing directives to the cabinet division to reinstate him as an advisor to the prime minister on interior affairs.
Shortly after the verdict, Malik tendered his resignation to Senate to Chairman Senate on 10 July 2012. Though, he continued his work with the Ministry of Interior at the behest of Prime Minister Pervez Ashraf.
On 4 June, his membership of the Senate was suspended by the Supreme Court for being a dual national. This resulted in loss of his position as the Interior Minister because Article 63-A of the Constitution of Pakistan requires each member of the cabinet to be a member of the Parliament. On 10 July 2012,Rehman Malik resigned from the Senate.
National Reconciliation Ordinance
- "Details of Rehman Malik". Pakistan Herald. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- Muhammad Saleh Zaafir. "Malik made federal minister" The News,
- Syed Irfan Raza (28 March 2008). "Rehman and Haqqani join Gilani team" Dawn Newspaper
- "Dual nationality: Pak SC disqualifies Malik, 11 other lawmakers". The Hindu. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- APP (10 November 2011). "Rehman Malik gets "PhD for peace" by KU". Dawn news, KU 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- APP (October 7, 2011). "Rehman Malik to get PhD for peace". Zee News, Pakistan Bureau. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- Staff (October 23, 2011). "KU teachers demand cancellation of Rehman Malik's honorary PhD degree". Express Tribune, KU. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- Staff reporters (October 11, 2011). "Just what the doctor ordered: Dr Rehman Malik now better equipped to heal ailing Karachi". Tex. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- Staff. "KU teachers ask governor to revoke Malik’s degree". Express Tribune. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- Ahmad, Noman (October 16, 2011). "KU teachers and administration still at war over Malik’s degree". Express Tribune, Karachi. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- Research and text by Saher Baloch (24 April 2013). "Rehman Malik". Dawn Research Wing. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- et al. (2006). Pakistan Intelligence: Security Activities & Operations. Washington: USA International Business Publications, USA Ibp. ISBN 0739711946.
- "Federal Investigative Agency " fas.org, retrieved 4 February 2009
- Rehman Malik refuses to accept his termination Dawn Newspaper, 10 November 1998
- MPs with dual-nationality: Holding dual citizenship is no crime says Rehman Malik. Tribune.com.pk (11 May 2012). Retrieved on 8 February 2013.
- Klasra, Rauf (29 July 2007). "aRehman replaces Fahim as Benazir's most trusted aide". The News International 2007. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- From the Newspapers (30 December 2012). "FIA reluctant to record Malik’s statement". Dawn news, area studies. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- From the Newspapers (21 April 2007). "The emerging contours of PPP-govt deal". dawn. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- Staff researcher (updated). "Details of Rehman Malik". The Herald. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- 'Spy of the West': Al-Qaida, Taliban struggle to justify attack on Pakistani teen – World News. Worldnews.nbcnews.com (16 October 2012). Retrieved on 8 February 2013.
- See article 63(1) of the Constitution of Pakistan
- Iqbal, Nasir (6 July 2012). "SC verdict puts Malik’s cabinet job in jeopardy". Dawn News, SC. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- Web desk (7 June 2012). "Rehman Malik reinstated as advisor to PM on interior affairs". Express Tribune, 2012. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- The Newspaper's Staff Reporter (5 October 2012). "Rehman Malik tells SC he has renounced UK citizenship". Dawn SC 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- Nizami, Sunara (July 10, 2012). "Rehman Malik resigns from Senate". Express Tribune. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- "Rehman Malik resigns from Pak Senate". India Times. 10 July 2012.
- "Pakistan's interior minister Rehman Malik faces arrest as crisis deepens". The Telegraph, 18 December 2009.
Hamid Nawaz Khan
|Interior Minister of Pakistan