Rehmat Aziz Chitrali
||This biographical article is written like a résumé. (October 2013)|
|Rehmat Aziz Chitrali
رحمت عزیز چترالی
Rehmat Aziz Chitrali while televising his show.
25 April 1970 |
Chitral, North-West Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), Pakistan
|Occupation||Urdu poet, Khowar poet, Broadcast journalist
|Education||MA Islamic Studies with specialization in Quran and Tafseer - LL.B, Degree in Library & Information Sciences and research in Khowar|
|Genres||Ghazal; Free verse Nazm & Humorous poetry;|
|Notable work(s)||Guldasta-e-Rahmat, Guldan-e-Rahmat; Gul Afshaniat-e-Iqbal;|
|Notable award(s)||Shandoor Award; CHDWO Award; Sanad-e-Imtiaz; Children Literature Award;|
Rehmat Aziz Chitrali (Urdu: رحمت عزیز چترالی ) also widely regarded as Mohsin-e-Lisaniyaat (Urdu: محسن لسانیات; 25  April 1970) is an Urdu and Khowar poet, from Chitral, North-West Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), Pakistan. He works as journalist, columnist, linguistic TV show host and Khowar language political analyst. R.A.Chitrali was at the forefront of the Khowar Language Movement and was most active between 1990 to 2012. His father’s name is Dur Khan and he belonged to the Khow family of the Khoshey clan. Rehmat Aziz’s mother “Bibi Hoorana Begum” belonged to the Ziley branch of the Riza clan. Dur Khan had two sons and three daughters. Rehmat Aziz Chitrali is number two among his five siblings.
He is the former President of Anjuman-e-Tarraqui-e-Khowar, and Khowar Academy. He is working as the Khowar language Television programme, Chitraro Hawaz (Voice of Chitral, Urdu: چترال کی آواز ), at the AVT Khyber Media Group and also writes Khowar News for Khyber News TV and hosts Chetraro Hawaaz on Khyber News. Previously he has worked in PTV’s programme Sunday Brunch with Rashid Sammi. He has written many books on prose and poetry. His poetry work has been appreciated by poets and writers of Pakistan.
R. A. Chitrali was born in Chitral, Pakistan. He studied at Federal University of Arts, Science and Technology, Islamabad Pakistan and Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad. He settled in Karachi, Pakistan in 1985. He moved to Islamabad after his marriage to Bibi Hashima an Chitral-based teacher in 2007. Now, the couple lives in Chitral, Pakistan.
Rehmat Aziz Chitrali studied until 10th in his village Khot Valley. For further studies he was sent to Booni Valley where he got admission in Government Inter College Booni. After passing his F.A examination from this College, he went to Karachi in order to pursue a higher education. He passed his Master Degree in Islamic Studies with specialization in Quran and Tafseer, LL.B. and Library and Information Degree.
Rehmat Aziz came into the spotlight with his program Chetraro Hawaz Khowar Language’s longest-running current affairs TV show. His show carried interviews with prominent people from politics, civil life, literature and culture. Politicians who were interviewed on Chetraro Hawaz included Prince of Chitral Mohiuddin, former Member National Assembly Maulana Abdul Akbar Chitrali, Qazi Fazal Elahi, Wing Commandar Fardad Ali Shah, Educationist Syed Wali Shah, Social Worker Sultan Mehmood Minister for population and Welfare Government of Khyber Pakhtun khwa Saleem Khan, PTV Producer Habib-ur-Rahman, and Ismaili Religious Scholar Syed Amir Shah.
Chetraro Hawaz – Khyber News TV
In April 2009, Rehmat Chitrali joined Khyber News TV, at Khyber News TV, he hosted the show, Chetraro Hawaz (Voice of Chitral). Due to his open criticism of the corrupt politicians of Pakistan on the show, R. A. Chitrali became a problem for the regime.
In 1996 an literary organization named “Khowar Academy” was formed to struggle for the promotion of the language of Chitral and for the rights of the people of Chitral. He is the president of this organization and is an active participant. During this time he also briefly held the office of President of Anjuman-e-Tarraquir-e-Khowar in Karachi. The Khow youth elected Rehmat Aziz as General Secretary of this organization while Ali Afsar Jan Advocate was the President. Rehmat Aziz Chitrali resigned from his designation in order to promote the new organization. Afraid of the popularity of the Anjuman, the anti-chitralis conspired against the Organization.
The candour and frankness of his highly-charged poems is unusual for a young generation writing in Urdu and Khowar language and he has gained a committed national audience, performing at large poetry gatherings in Pakistan. Rehmat Aziz Chitrali wrote poems in Chitrali, Urdu and Khowar language. Most of his poems are in Khowar and Urdu languages. He was good friends with Ahmad Faraz. Once Faraz Sahib was the Managing Director of National Book Foundation offered to translate Rehmat Aziz’s poems in Urdu but Rehmat Aziz turned down the offer. Most of Rehmat Aziz’s Urdu poetry was written between 1985–2012. Rehmat Aziz Chitrali’s Urdu and Khowar poetry is filled with revolutionary and anti-imperialist themes and it reflects his progressive nature and socialist ideals. Rehmat Aziz Chitrali is very much against the class differences that prevailed at that time, and still do. His poems exhibit his dislike for the chauvinistic attitude of the rich towards the poor.
Troyki is a form of Khowar/Chitrali poetry initiated by the khowar poet Rehmat Aziz Chitrali. Unlike sher, a Troyki consists of three "hemistichs" (misras). The first two are complete in themselves but the addition of the third misra gives a new dimension.
A beautiful example of Rachitrali's Troyki:
- اللہ مہ خودای تہ نام رحمان دی رحیم دی
- تو غفار دی، غفورالرحیم دی
- کرم کوس اسپہ سورا تو رب کریم دی
- Allah ma khodai, ta nam Rahman di Raheem di
- tu ghaffar di, ghafoor-ur-Raheem di
- karam kos ispa sora tu Rabb-e-Karim di !!
- O my Allah! Your name is Rahman and Raheem
- You are Ghaffar also, and you are Ghafoor-ur-Raheem
- O Allah Help us, you are Rabb-e-Karim
Yak Misraee Nazm
Yak Misraee Nazm (Urdu:یک مصرعی نظم) is a part of the Khowar and Urdu poetry, that is normally written in one verse. Nazm has many different forms as, Yak Misraee Nazm is a form of Khowar/Chitrali poetry and Urdu poetry initiated by the khowar poet Rehmat Aziz Chitrali. Unlike sher, a Yak Misraee Nazm consists of one verse only. He is a member of younger generation of male poets. His experience of living in Karachi shows a notable impact on her significant number of poems. Living through Diaspora has increased the complexity of his poems and reinforced his sense of male identity and introduced a new revolution against restraint creative writers in Pakistani society. In 1999, the Ministry of Culture, Government of Pakistan published his book, Gul Afshaniat-e-Iqbal (Versified Khowar Language translation of Allama Iqbal’s Poetry).
Chitrali is also credited with authoring Khowar and Urdu humorous poetry. These works were published by Khowar Academy in 1996.
Rehmat Aziz Chitrali wrote many books on history, phonology, research and poetry and translated several works from other languages into Khowar and Urdu.
Awards & Distinction
In addition to studying classic poets like Ghalib, Mir Taqi Mir, Ibn-e-Insha and sufi poets like Allama Iqbal, Buley Shah, Rehman Baba and Khushal Khan Khatak has written his own poetry of Khowar language, of which there are around 500 ghazals.
ھردی یہ عزیزو مو ٹیر دک مشکل
مہ درد لادوا ھمو گیر دک مشکل
The tumultuous heart Aziz does not settle down no matter what
Perhaps there is no resolve to this pain of love.
ھردیو لووان دومان ریکو ضمیر نو نو ران
ھتوعو سار بشار گانیکو ھتے کورظاھیر نو نو ران
Self-pride kept from telling the condition of my heart
She did keep asking but we just couldn’t tell.
ھانیسے مہ حالو کھیوت بشار گانس عزیز
کا ھو دوواھرتہ نیشیتای ھسے روپھیکو روخڅیتای
Why are you asking the condition of Aziz from me;
Once he sat down at her doorsill, he just couldn’t get up.
— Rehmat Aziz Chitrali, Rehmat Aziz Chitrali’s Poetry
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