Reichskommissariat of Belgium and Northern France

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Reichskommissariat of Belgium and Northern France
Reichskommissariat
Belgien-Nordfrankreich
Reichsadler der Deutsches Reich (1933–1945).svg
Reichskommissariat overview
Formed July 1944 (July 1944)
Dissolved

De Facto: September 1944 (September 1944)

De Jure: December 1944 (December 1944)
Type Civilian occupation administration
Jurisdiction Occupied territory of Belgium and part of France
Headquarters Brussels
Reichskommissariat executive Josef Grohé
Map
Military Administration in Belgium and Northern France (1942).svg
Reichskommissariat of Belgium and Northern France in 1942

The Reichskommissariat of Belgium and Northern France was a German civil administration (Zivilverwaltung) which governed German-occupied Belgium during World War II. The Reichskommissariat replaced an earlier military government, the Military Administration in Belgium and Northern France, established in the same territory in 1940. On 18 July 1944, the first Gauleiter, Josef Grohé, was named the first Reichskommissar of the territory, known as the Reichskommissariat Belgien und Nordfrankreich or Reichskommissariat für die besetzten Gebiete von Belgien und Nordfrankreich.[1][2]

The territory was mostly liberated by the Allies in September 1944, in the aftermath of the Normandy landings, so the existence of the territory was short. Following the liberation, the territory was retrospectively annexed directly into Germany (although no longer under de facto German control) as three separate Reichsgaue: Reichsgau Flandern, Wallonien and the Brussels district

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://territorial.de/belgnord/reikobel.htm
  2. ^ Kroener, Müller & Umbreit (2003) Germany and the Second World War V/II, p. 29

Bibliography[edit]