|Reigate, Surrey, United Kingdom|
Reigate, Surrey, United Kingdom shown within Surrey
|OS grid reference|
|District||Reigate and Banstead|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Reigate (pron.: //) is a historic market town in Surrey, England, at the foot of the North Downs, and in the London commuter belt. It is one of the main constituents of the Borough of Reigate and Banstead. This part of Surrey including the adjacent town of Redhill is sometimes grouped together as part of the Gatwick Diamond, M23 corridor or Crawley Urban Area however the area is interspersed with Metropolitan Green Belt land.
Colley Hill, one mile (1.6 km) north of Reigate, is the sixth highest point in Surrey at 756 feet (230 m). Reigate Hill, 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to the east of Colley Hill, is the seventh highest point in Surrey at 723 feet (220 m).
There are neolithic flint mines on the ridge of the North Downs above Reigate. The Bronze Age barrows on Reigate Heath indicate ancient settlement in the area. A Bronze Age spearhead was recovered on Park Hill in Reigate Priory Park. In 2004, a Roman tile kiln dated from around AD 92 (pictured left) was recovered from the grounds of Rosehill in Doods Way, Reigate. Tiles on the Rosehill site were first discovered in the 1880s. The tiles would have been used for important buildings in the area. The Rosehill find is also the oldest recorded use of Reigate Stone (Upper Greensand) for "ashlar masonry work".
The town lay within the Reigate hundred, an Anglo-Saxon administrative division. Reigate appears in Domesday Book in 1086 as Cherchefelle which appears to mean 'the open space by the hill'. (The name has nothing to do with the church and the element Cherche is a later corruption.) It was held by William the Conqueror as successor to king Harold's widow Editha. Its Domesday assets were: 34 hides, 2 mills worth 11s 10d, 29 ploughs, 12 acres (49,000 m2) of meadow, pannage and herbage worth 183 hogs. It rendered £40.
The earlier site was located, at least in part, in what is now the Church Street area of Reigate, close to the church. Part of the site was excavated in the 1990s. It was shown that the settlement moved during the earlier part of the 12th century when the present town was formed. William I granted the land around Reigate to one of his supporters, William de Warenne, who was created Earl of Surrey in 1088. It is believed that his son, William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey, ordered that Reigate Castle be built, although the de Warennes had their southern base at Lewes, Sussex, as well as castles in Yorkshire and Normandy. Around 1150 the Earl de Warenne laid out a new town below the castle. This town forms the basis of modern-day Reigate. Little is known of the Castle which has never been excavated on any great scale. Local legend says that prior to the signing of the Magna Carta, the rebellious barons met to hammer out the details of the document in the extensive caves beneath the castle. The story however has no truth to it. The castle later fell into decay and the remains were demolished at the end of the 17th century, though the grounds remain as a public garden, and the caves are occasionally opened for tours.
The medieval town is centred on a north—south road of some antiquity as it incorporates the pre-Conquest road pattern. The story of the Pilgrim's Way passing through Reigate is a myth, although in the 13th century a chapel to St Thomas was built in the town centre for the use of Canterbury pilgrims.
Areas of the town have been the subject of extensive archaeological investigation. Bell Street was certainly in existence by the middle of the 12th century and Mesolithic implements have been found here. Much of the High Street appears to be slightly later although there appear to have been buildings along the south side of the Street near to the junction with Bell Street by the 13th century at the latest. The market place was originally around Slipshoe Street, at the junction of West Street, but infilled houses encroached on it and it had been moved to the east end of the High Street by the end of the 16th century. The results of much of this work have been published; many of the finds are held in the museum of the Holmesdale Natural History Club in Croydon Road.
Probably early in the 13th century Reigate Priory was founded for regular Canons of the Order of St Augustine although it was strictly speaking the Hospital of the Crutched Friars - a suborder. After the dissolution of the monasteries in 1535 the estate was granted by Henry VIII to William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham, who soon converted the Priory buildings into a residence. The Effingham branch of the Howard family, including the Earl of Nottingham who as Lord High Admiral commanded the force which defeated the Spanish Armada, lived there until their heirs sold it to the wealthy London brewer, John Parsons in 1681. Remains of the former monastery buildings are known to lie beneath the lawns to the south of the present mainly 18th century house, which is now used as a school.
The town developed a large trade in oatmeal during the 16th century but this had ceased by about 1720. There was a noted tannery at Linkfield Street which was expanded in the 19th century. It burnt down about 1930.
The coming of the Brighton railway in 1841 led to a rapid expansion of the parish, concentrated around the railway station in an area that was previously uninhabited.
The old (non corporate) Borough of Reigate (roughly the town centre of Reigate) elected two MPs until the Reform Act of 1832 when it lost one. Further amendments to the electoral boundary occurred. In 1863, the whole parish was formally incorporated as the Borough of Reigate with Thomas Dann as its first Mayor.
Reigate has two windmills: a Post mill on Reigate Heath and a tower mill on Wray Common. Previously there had been about a dozen animal powered mills for oatmeal as well as several water and windmills. Reigate is the setting for the Sherlock Holmes short story The Adventure of the Reigate Squire, also known as The Adventure of the Reigate Squires and The Adventure of the Reigate Puzzle. It is one of 12 stories featured in The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes.
The town centre is, save for the castle, focused on Bell Street, leading south, and a long High Street/West Street conservation area with shops, cafés, bars and restaurants. Between the streets is a Morrisons supermarket. The other central supermarket is an M&S. Reigate has a tea room, independent toy shop and delicatessen.
There is a total of nine licensed pubs and bars in the town centre.
The most popular park in Reigate is the Priory Park, adjoining Reigate Priory School and located south of the High Street and west of Bell Street. It has a recreation area for smaller children as well as football fields, tennis courts, a skatepark, woodland and large Priory Pond, draining over a small weir. Priory Park also has a café set in a building named 'The Pavilion', which also houses bulletin boards for the people of Reigate.
Reigate is also home to Pilgrim Brewery, which moved to its West Street address in 1984. It was the first new brewery to be established in Surrey for over a century and is well known for the quality and variety of beers brewed using the local water.
- Reigate is served by Reigate railway station. At peak times a few direct trains run to London Victoria and London Bridge at 40-minute intervals. Off-peak trains run to Gatwick Airport, Reading, Redhill and London Bridge (cut back from London Charing Cross in the December 2009 timetable). Trains to London are run by the (New) Southern Railway company and those to Gatwick Airport and Reading by First Great Western.
- Reigate is a few minutes from Junction 8 of the London orbital M25 motorway. The town's one-way system includes parts of the A25 and the A217.
- Reigate is linked to Redhill by the Metrobus routes 435 and 430. The 435 tends to go into Reigate whereas the 430 goes "away" from Reigate. Other bus routes also link the town to other areas in and around Redhill and Reigate, for example South Park.
Hamlets and neighbourhoods of Reigate 
Neighbourhoods of Reigate share many of the characteristics of the town itself, in particular, the loosely demarcated Reigate Hill to the north of the town, for which a sign exists going northbound on the A217 heading towards the M25 Reigate Hill junction; however, this is not the case on approaching from other locations, due to the undulating outskirts of the town and Gatton. Due to their size and more modest character there are articles on the neighbourhoods of South Park and Woodhatch.
Skimmington is a small hamlet made up of Skimmington Cottages, Heathfield Farm and Nursery, and on the C-road, Flanchford Road, Reigate Heath Golf Club House and Course. The Skimmington Castle (the most historic building, Grade II-listed) pub is by the cottages. It arguably includes most of Reigate Heath; its buildings are however predominantly south-east of Flanchford Road. Skimmington includes eight pre-historic tumuli (bowl barrows), two in one close group, several within the golf club. It is popular among walkers for its serenity, hills and woods as it lies on the Greensand Way only 1 mile (1.6 km) along the due west path in the south of Reigate Park.
Neighbouring settlements 
||Mogador, Walton-on-the-Hill||Margery, Lower Kingswood||Gatton, Merstham|
|Leigh||Sidlow||Earlswood, Salfords and Horley|
At one time the airline Air Europe had its head office in Europe House in Reigate. Redland plc the FTSE 100 building materials company was headquartered in Reigate before its acquisition by Lafarge. The insurance company Esure is now located in the former Redland headquarters, and the Redland brick sculpture remains in front of the building.
|2009||Dr Zully Grant-Duff||Merstham and Reigate Hill|
|2009||Peter Lambell||Reigate Central|
|2009||Frances King||Earlswood and Reigate South|
5 councillors sit on Reigate and Banstead borough council, who operate a council-elected-in-thirds system, which results in voting for one local candidate in three out of every four years:
|2010||Adam de Save||Reigate Central|
|2011||Steve Farrer||Reigate Central|
|2011||Christopher Whinney||Reigate Central|
|2008||Roger Newstead||Reigate Hill|
|2010||Lisa Brunt||Reigate Hill|
Places of worship 
Reigate has several churches. St Mary's Parish Church (Anglican) is located in Chart Lane to the east of the town with its chapel of ease St Cross in the windmill on Reigate Heath. Reigate Methodist Church is located in the town centre. Reigate Baptist Church, Reigate Park URC, Sandcross Church, and Reigate and Redhill Community Church are further out. The Holy Family Catholic Church is the only Roman Catholic Church in Reigate. The Religious Society of Friends have a meeting house on Reigate Road (Thomas Moore House).
Primary schools 
- Dovers Green Infant School (Infant school)
- Holmesdale Community Infant School (Infant school)
- Orchards Infant School (Infant school)
- Reigate Parish Church School (Infant school)
- Reigate Priory School (Junior school)
- Reigate St. Mary's School (Prep school)
- Sandcross School (Junior school)
- Wray Common Primary School (Primary school)
Secondary schools 
- Reigate College (Sixth form college)
- Reigate Grammar School (Secondary school)
- Reigate School (Secondary school)
- The Royal Alexandra and Albert School (Secondary school)
- Dunottar School (Girls' secondary school)
Other schools 
Sport and leisure 
Reigate is home to Old Reigatians Rugby Football Club, located at Park Lane off the high street adjacent to the town's only cricket club, Reigate Priory.
Notable people 
- Ray Alan, ventriloquist, and "Lord Charles" lived their final years in Reigate.
- George Best, Manchester United and Northern Ireland football player lived his last years near Reigate.
- Roger Bisby, journalist, television presenter and radio personality.
- Hermann Bondi, the Austrian physicist and mathematician lived in Reigate in the 1970s.
- Tom and Max Chilton, racing drivers, were born in and later lived in Reigate.
- Norman Cook, disc jockey, was born in Reigate and attended Reigate Grammar School.
- James Cudworth, Locomotive Superintendent to the South Eastern Railway lived in Reigate from c. 1879 to 1899.
- Cherith Baldry, author of the Warriors novels.
- Bob Doe, Royal Air Force Wing Commander.
- Mia Farrow, film actress, lived here while married to André Previn
- Newton Faulkner, songwriter and musician, was born here.
- Dame Margot Fonteyn, ballet dancer, was born here.
- Louise Fribo, dancer, has a flat here.
- Francis Frith, photographer and businessman, lived here.
- Susan Gritton, opera singer, was born here in 1965.
- Melvyn Hayes, aka Gloria in It Ain't Half Hot Mum was a resident of Glover's Road.
- Kate Maberly, actress and star of the 1993 feature film The Secret Garden, was born here and attended Dunottar School
- Ian McKay (formerly Laidlaw), art critic, writer and publisher, lived here and attended Reigate School of Art & Design.
- Ray Mears, survival expert, attended Reigate Grammar School.
- Jean Metcalfe, broadcaster.
- Cliff Michelmore, broadcaster.
- Spike Milligan, writer and comedian, used to live at Woodhatch in Orchard Way.
- Alan Minter, boxer, former Undisputed World Middleweight boxing champion, lives in Reigate.
- Nicholas Owen, BBC News presenter, lives in Reigate.
- Samuel Palmer, visionary British artist, is buried in Reigate St Mary's churchyard, having lived in Reigate from about 1860 to 1862.
- Pat Pocock, former England and Surrey cricketer, lives in Reigate.
- Caroline Quentin, actress, was born in Reigate.
- Eleanour Sinclair Rohde, gardener, lived for many years in Reigate.
- Mike Sammes, of the Mike Sammes Singers was born in the town and educated at Reigate Grammar School
- Richard Thomas, the former Information Commissioner, lives in Reigate
- David Walliams, writer and star of the Little Britain comedy series attended Reigate Grammar School.
- Disclosure, band
Notable pets 
See also 
- Brayley, Edward (1850). A topographical history of Surrey 4. London: G Willis. p. 218. OCLC 4601837.
- Reigate and Banstead Borough Council: A Brief History of Reigate
- Old Reigate: A Pictorial History
- "Reigate Caves". East Surrey Explorers. Retrieved 2009-08-19.[dead link]
- Wright, Christopher (1971). A Guide to the Pilgrims' Way. London: Constable. p. 134. ISBN 0-09-456240-7.
- English Heritage. SMR
- Hooper . Reigate; its story through the ages
- Greenwood,J. Turnpikes and the economy. 2008
- Farries and Mason. Mills of Surrey
- "Conservation Area Map". Reigate and Banstead Borough Council. Retrieved 2012-04-26.
- "Tea Room site". Vintage Tea Rooms. Retrieved 2012-04-26.
- "Cullenders fine foods and delicatessen". Cullenders. Retrieved 2012-04-26.
- "The Toy Shop". The Toy Shop, Reigate. Retrieved 2012-04-26.
- Grid Reference Finder Elevation Tools compare parts of Reigate Hill to Wray Common, Doods Park Road and Underhill Park Road for example
- Details from listed building database (1029061). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Bowl barrows on Reigate Heath:Details from listed building database (1008849). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
Details from listed building database (1008851). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
Details from listed building database (1008852). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
Details from listed building database (1008857). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
Details from listed building database (1008869). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
Details from listed building database (1008871). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
Details from listed building database (1008872). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Open Street Map
- Details from listed building database (1029111). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- "World Airline Directory". Flight International. 26 July 1980. 274. "Head Office: Europe House, Bancroft Road, Reigate, Surrey, Great Britain."
- "List of County Councillors". Surrey County Council. Retrieved 2012-04-26.
- Reigate and Banstead councillors
- St Mary's church, Reigate
- Reigate Methodist Church
- Reigate Baptist Church
- Reigate Park Church
- Holy Family Church, Reigate
- W. Hooper. Reigate; its story through the ages. 1945
- J. Greenwood. Turnpikes and the economy: the case of Reigate
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Reigate|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Reigate.|
- "Reigate". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.
- Reigate Society
- Reigate Roman tile kiln excavation