Reigate (UK Parliament constituency)

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Reigate
Borough constituency
Reigate2007Constituency.svg
EnglandSurrey.svg
Reigate shown within Surrey, and Surrey shown within England
Created: 1295, 1885
Electorate: 72,043 (December 2010)
MP: Crispin Blunt
Party: Conservative
Type: House of Commons
County: Surrey
EP constituency: South East England

Reigate /ˈrɡt/ is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Crispin Blunt of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency is in Surrey bordering Greater London and is centered on the town of Reigate from which it takes its name. As shown by the map the constituency excludes most of the post town of Horley in the East Surrey seat and parts of Walton-on-the-Hill in the Epsom and Ewell seat but contains the remainder of the Reigate and Banstead district.[1]

Latest boundary review[edit]

The Boundary Commission boundary review before the 2010 general election moved the Preston ward in the district and in the medium size town/village of Tadworth from Epsom and Ewell into the Reigate constituency to increase the population of the seat which was the smallest in Surrey.

At the public consultation stage of the boundary review a small number of petitions called for a new name of Reigate and Banstead to bring it in line with the district, including from the local MP and the borough council. However, the review rejected these petitions as it says it gives weight to a new name only when the seat has undergone substantial boundary changes that render the existing name implausible; that the constituency contains only 70% of the district; that the seat is centred on Reigate but Banstead is in the extreme northeast corner; that other towns such as Redhill might have as much if not greater claim to be in the name; and that Banstead has a history of being moved between seats[n 3] and may be moved again.

History[edit]

This constituency was first created with the first election of Burgesses to Parliament in 1295, electing two members. It continued to elect two members until 1832 when its representation was reduced to one member by the Great Reform Act.

In 1868 the constituency was disenfranchised for corruption, but was revived in 1885 by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 when the East Surrey constituency was abolished and broken up. Since 1918 the seat has been held by a candidate in the Conservative Party with the exception of four months during which the anti-EU MP in 1997 before the election of that year joined the Referendum Party (UK). The Liberal Democrats including their two predecessor parties amassed their largest share of the vote in 2010. The largest opposition party has changed to the Liberal Democrats since the 2005 election.

In 1974, the seat saw major boundary changes which removed some of Eastern Surrey which was in the seat into the radically redesigned East Surrey seat and added the Banstead area to the seat. One of the three Green local councillors stood as the Green Party candidate for the first time the party has stood in 23 years at the 2010 general election.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1295–1660[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1386 John Aubyn Richard atte Mere[3]
1388 (Feb) John Chaunce I Thomas Ballard[3]
1388 (Sep) John Aubyn William Bone[3]
1390 (Jan) John Aubyn William Bone[3]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Roger Chaunce I William Bone[3]
1393 John Aubyn John Bavell[3]
1394
1395 John Skinner John Bavell[3]
1397 (Jan) John Skinner John Bavell[3]
1397 (Sep) John Skinner Richard atte Mere[3]
1399 John Skinner Roger Chaunce I[3]
1401
1402 Richard Turner Thomas Barber[3]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 John Chaunce II John Taylor[3]
1407 John Chaunce II Thomas Barber[3]
1410
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May)
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) John Skinner Roger Chaunce II[3]
1415 John Skinner Walter Wrigge[3]
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct)
1417 John Knight John Chaunce II[3]
1419 John Pope John Chaunce II[3]
1420 John Pope John Skinner[3]
1421 (May) John Pope Walter Urry[3]
1421 (Dec) Robert Wanford Roger Chaunce II[3]
1432 Thomas Russell[4]
1510–1523 No names known[5]
1529 John Skinner I Thomas Michell[5]
1536  ?
1539  ?
1542 James Skinner John Skinner II[5]
1545  ?
1547 Robert Richers William More[5]
1553 (Mar) Robert Robotham Henry Fisher[5]
1553 (Oct) Sir Thomas Saunders Thomas Ingler[5]
1554 (Apr) Henry White Robert Richers[5]
1554 (Nov) Robert Richers James Skinner[5]
1555 Thomas Windsor Walter Haddon[5]
1558 George Elsden Thomas Banester[5]
1559 William Howard John Skinner[6]
1562/3 Sir George Howard William Howard[6]
1571 William Howard John Agmondesham I[6]
1572 William Howard John Skinner[6]
1584 William Howard Edmund Sanders[6]
1586 William Howard Edmund Sanders[6]
1588 Julius Caesar Thomas Lyfield[6]
1593 William Howard John Trevor[6]
1597 Sir William Howard Edward Howard[6]
1601 Edward Howard John Trevor
1604 Sir Edward Howard Herbert Pelham
1614 Sir Edward Howard John Suckling
1621 Thomas Glemham Robert Lewis
1624 Sir Thomas Bludder Robert Lewis
1625 Sir Thomas Bludder Sir Roger James
1626 Sir Thomas Bludder Sir William Monson
1628 Charles Cockayne Sir Thomas Bludder
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr) Edward Thurland Sir Thomas Bludder
1640 (Nov) William Lord Monson George Evelyn
1645
1648
1653 Reigate not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 Edward Bysshe (one seat only)
1656  ?John Goodwin (one seat only)
1659 John Hele Edward Thurland

MPs 1660–1832[edit]

Year 1st Member[7] 1st Party 2nd Member[7] 2nd Party
1660 John Hele Edward Thurland
1661 Roger James
1673 Sir John Werden
February 1679 Deane Goodwin
October 1679 Ralph Freeman
1680 Deane Goodwin
1681 Ralph Freeman
1685 Sir John Werden Sir John Parsons
January 1689 Roger James
March 1689 Thomas Vincent
1690 Sir John Parsons John Parsons
1698 Stephen Hervey Edward Thurland
1701 Sir John Parsons
1707 James Cocks
1710 John Ward
1713 James Cocks
1717 William Jordan
1720 Thomas Jordan
1722 Sir Joseph Jekyll Whig
1739 John Hervey
1741 Philip Yorke Whig
June 1747 Charles Cocks[8]
December 1747 Charles Yorke Whig
1768 John Yorke
1784 William Bellingham Edward Leeds
1787 Reginald Pole-Carew
1789 The Lord Hood
1790 John Somers Cocks Joseph Sydney Yorke Tory
February 1806 Philip James Cocks
November 1806 Edward Charles Cocks Viscount Royston
1808 James Cocks
1812 John Somers-Cocks Tory
1818 Sir Joseph Sydney Yorke Tory James Somers Cocks
1823 James Cocks
April 1831 Joseph Yorke
July 1831 Charles Philip Yorke Tory

MPs 1832–1868[edit]

  • Representation reduced to one (1832)
Election Member[7] Party
1832 Viscount Eastnor I Conservative
1841 by-election Viscount Eastnor II Conservative
1847 Thomas Somers-Cocks Conservative
1857 William Hackblock Liberal
Feb. 1858 by-election Henry Creswicke Rawlinson Liberal
Oct 1858 by-election William John Monson Liberal
1863 by-election Granville William Gresham Leveson-Gower Liberal
1868 Constituency disenfranchised for corruption

MPs since 1885[edit]

  • Constituency revived (1885)
Election Member[7] Party
1885 Sir James John Trevor Lawrence Conservative
1892 Henry Cubitt Conservative
1906 Harry Cunningham Brodie Liberal
January 1910 Lt Col Richard Hamilton Rawson Conservative
1917 National Party
1918 Sir George Kynaston Cockerill Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1931 Sir Gordon Touche Conservative
1950 John Vaughan-Morgan Conservative
1970 Geoffrey Howe Conservative
February 1974 Sir George Gardiner Conservative
1997 Referendum
1997 Crispin Blunt Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Reigate[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Crispin Blunt
UKIP Joe Fox
Green Jonathan Essex


General Election 2010: Reigate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Crispin Blunt 26,688 53.4 +4.8
Liberal Democrat Jane Kulka 13,097 26.2 +3.1
Labour Robert Hull 5,672 11.3 −10.2
UKIP Joseph Fox 2,089 4.2 −0.3
BNP Keith Brown 1,345 2.7 +2.7
Green Jonathan Essex 1,087 2.7 +2.2
Majority 13,591 27.2 +1.4
Turnout 49,978 69.8 +4.6
Conservative hold Swing +0.9

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Reigate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Crispin Blunt 20,884 49.0 +1.2
Liberal Democrat Jane Kulka 9,896 23.2 +2.1
Labour Samuel Townend 8,896 20.9 −6.6
UKIP Jeremy Wraith 1,921 4.5 +1.8
English Democrats Harold Green 600 1.4 N/A
Independent Michael Selby 408 1.0 N/A
Majority 10,988 25.8
Turnout 42,605 64.8 +4.6
Conservative hold Swing −0.5
General Election 2001: Reigate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Crispin Blunt 18,875 47.8 +4.0
Labour Simon Charleton 10,850 27.5 −0.3
Liberal Democrat Jane Kulka 8,330 21.1 +1.1
UKIP Stephen Smith 1,062 2.7 +2.1
Reform UK Harold Green 357 0.9 N/A
Majority 8,025 20.3
Turnout 39,474 60.2 −14.2
Conservative hold Swing +2.2

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Reigate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Crispin Blunt 21,123 43.8 −13.7
Labour Andrew Howard 13,382 27.8 +10.3
Liberal Democrat Peter Samuel 9,615 20.0 -4.1
Referendum Party Sir George Gardiner 3,352 7.0 N/A
Independent Richard Higgs 412 0.9 N/A
UKIP Stephen Smith 290 0.6 N/A
Majority 7,741 16.0
Turnout 48,174 74.4
Conservative hold Swing −12.0

This constituency underwent boundary changes between the 1992 and 1997 general elections and thus change in share of vote is based on a notional calculation. George Gardiner changed party from the Conservative Party to the Referendum following his deselection by the local Conservative association.

General Election 1992: Reigate[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir George Gardiner 32,220 57.1 −2.2
Liberal Democrat B Newsome 14,566 25.8 +1.4
Labour Mrs H Young 9,150 16.2 +1.9
Social Democratic M. Bilcliff 513 0.9 +0.9
Majority 17,654 31.3 −3.6
Turnout 56,449 78.5 +6.0
Conservative hold Swing −1.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Reigate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Gardiner 30,925 59.3 +0.3
Social Democratic E. A. Pamplin 12,752 24.4 -2.5
Labour R. P. Spencer 7,460 14.3 +2.2
Green G. F. Brand 1,026 2.0 0.0
Majority 18,173 34.9
Turnout 52,163 72.5 -0.4
Conservative hold Swing +1.4
General Election 1983: Reigate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Gardiner 29,932 59.0
Social Democratic E. A. Pamplin 13,625 26.9
Labour Bryan A. Symons 6,114 12.1
Ecology David R. Newell 1,029 2.0
Majority 16,307 32.1
Turnout 50,700 72.1
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Reigate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Gardiner 33,767 59.8
Liberal J. Speyer 10,257 18.2
Labour N. Grant 12,454 22.1
Majority 21,313 37.7
Turnout 56,478 78.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Reigate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Gardiner 27,769 50.70
Labour MG Ormerod 14,185 25.90
Liberal AC Bryan 12,554 22.92
People Power Mervyn Taggart 266 0.49
Majority 13,584 24.80
Turnout 75.30
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Reigate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Gardiner 30,131 50.22
Liberal AC Bryan 16,071 26.78
Labour MG Ormerod 13,547 22.58
Independent Democrat Mervyn Taggart 254 0.42
Majority 14,060 23.43
Turnout 83.34
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Reigate

Electorate 71,535

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Edward Geoffrey Howe 28,462 53.86
Labour Michael P Farley 15,433 29.20
Liberal Kenneth S Vaus 8,952 16.94
Majority 13,029 24.65
Turnout 52,847 73.88
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Reigate

Electorate 63,687

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir John Kenyon Vaughan-Morgan 24,163 47.37
Labour John Edward Anthony Samuels 16,649 32.64
Liberal Anthony A Stowell 10,197 19.99
Majority 7,514 14.73
Turnout 51,009 80.09
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Reigate

Electorate 63,240

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir John Kenyon Vaughan-Morgan 24,380 48.35
Labour Charles James Garnsworthy 14,991 29.73
Liberal Anthony A Stowell 11,058 21.93
Majority 9,389 18.62
Turnout 50,429 79.74
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Reigate

Electorate 60,266

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Kenyon Vaughan-Morgan 26,966 54.34
Labour Charles James Garnsworthy 14,465 29.14
Liberal Mrs. Agnes H Scott 8,205 16.53
Majority 12,501 25.19
Turnout 49,636 82.36
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Reigate

Electorate 56,013

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Kenyon Vaughan-Morgan 27,210 61.68
Labour Charles James Garnsworthy 16,903 38.32
Majority 10,307 23.36
Turnout 44,113 78.75
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Reigate

Electorate: 51,790

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Kenyon Vaughan-Morgan 24,137 55.92
Labour Charles James Garnsworthy 14,287 33.10
Liberal Allan Stanley Batham 4,740 10.98
Majority 9,850 22.82
Turnout 83.34
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Reigate

Electorate 50,415

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Kenyon Vaughan-Morgan 23,027 53.66
Labour Charles James Garnsworthy 13,931 32.46
Liberal Allan Stanley Batham 5,953 13.87
Majority 9,096 21.20
Turnout 85.12
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Reigate

Electorate 65,884

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Gordon Cosmo Touche 27,419 57.07
Labour Charles James Garnsworthy 20,623 42.93
Majority 6,796 14.15
Turnout 72.92
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Reigate

Electorate 58,783

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Gordon Cosmo Touche 30,341 73.84
Labour Leonard Lewis 10,748 26.16
Majority 19,593 47.68
Turnout 69.90
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Reigate

Electorate 54,671

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Gordon Cosmo Touche 33,934 82.75
Labour Percy Henry Collick 7,076 17.25
Majority 26,858 65.49
Turnout 41,010 75.14
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Reigate

Electorate 51,314

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir George Kynaston Cockerill 20,851
Liberal Harold James Hamblen 9,532 n/a
Labour Percy Henry Collick 8,012
Majority 11,319
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Reigate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Kynaston Cockerill 19,877 n/a
Labour William Graham 6,061 n/a
Majority n/a
Turnout n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1923: Reigate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Kynaston Cockerill unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1922: Reigate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Kynaston Cockerill unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

George Cockerill
General Election 1918: Reigate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Brig-Gen. George Kynaston Cockerill unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist win

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ it was in Epsom and Ewell prior to 1997
References
  1. ^ Open Street Map
  2. ^ Reigate and Banstead
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-25. 
  4. ^ http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/russell-thomas-ii
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-25. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-25. 
  7. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  8. ^ Created a baronet in 1772.
  9. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/reigate/
  10. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Sources[edit]