Reimund Neugebauer (born 27 June 1953 in Esperstedt am Kyffhäuser) is a German mechanical engineer and professor who has been working in the field of machine tools and forming processes. Reimund Neugebauer graduated in 1979 from the Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden) with a degree in Machine Tool Design. From 1979 until 1984 he was a scientific associate and a senior scientific assistant at the TU Dresden, where he received his doctorate in 1984 and habilitated in 1989. Since 1991 he has been the Managing Director of the Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU with locations in Chemnitz, Dresden, Augsburg and Zittau. In 1993 he became Chair of the Department of Machine Tools at the Chemnitz University of Technology and since 2000 he has been the Managing Director of the Chemnitz University’s Institute for Machine Tools and Production Processes. On October 1, 2012, he took office as the tenth President of the Fraunhofer Society, the largest research organization in Europe, from his Hans-Jörg Bullinger. Prof. Neugebauer is a Fellow of the International Academy for Production Engineering (CIRP) and a member of German Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech). From 2010 to 2011 he was the acting president of the German Academic Society for Production Engineering (WGP).