Reinfeldt Cabinet

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Fredrik Reinfeldt's cabinet
52nd Cabinet of Sweden
Flag of Sweden.svg
Incumbent
Fredrik-reinfeldt-alliance.jpg
Date formed 6 October 2006
Date dissolved 3 October 2014
People and organizations
Head of government Fredrik Reinfeldt
Deputy head of government Maud Olofsson (2006-2010)
Jan Björklund (2010-2014)
Head of state Carl XVI Gustaf
Number of ministers 25
Ministers removed
(Death/resignation/dismissal)
17
Member party Moderate Party
Liberal People's Party
Centre Party
Christian Democrats
Status in legislature Coalition majority government (2006-2010)
Coalition minority government (2010-present)
History
Election(s) 2006 election
2010 election
Previous Persson's cabinet
Successor Löfven's cabinet
Lilla riksvapnet - Riksarkivet Sverige.png
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Sweden
Foreign relations

The cabinet of Fredrik Reinfeldt was the cabinet of Sweden from 2006 to 2014. It was a coalition cabinet consisting of the four parties in the centre-right Alliance for Sweden: the Moderate Party, Centre Party, Liberal People's Party and the Christian Democrats. The cabinet was installed on 6 October 2006, following the 2006 general election which ousted the Social Democrats after twelve years in power. It retained power after the 2010 general election but now as a minority government, and is the longest-serving consecutive non-social democratic government since Erik Gustaf Boström in 1900. It was led by Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt of the Moderate Party.

Ministers[edit]

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister's Office
Prime Minister   Fredrik Reinfeldt 6 October 2006 3 October 2014 Moderate
Deputy Prime Minister   Maud Olofsson 6 October 2006 5 October 2010 Centre
  Jan Björklund 5 October 2010 3 October 2014 Liberal People's
Minister for EU Affairs   Cecilia Malmström 6 October 2006 22 January 2010 Liberal People's
  Birgitta Ohlsson 2 February 2010 3 October 2014 Liberal People's
Ministry of Justice
Minister for Justice   Beatrice Ask 6 October 2006 3 October 2014 Moderate
Minister for Migration and Asylum Policy   Tobias Billström 6 October 2006 29 September 2014 Moderate
Ministry for Foreign Affairs
Minister for Foreign Affairs   Carl Bildt 6 October 2006 3 October 2014 Moderate
Minister for Trade   Maria Borelius 6 October 2006 14 October 2006 Moderate
  Sten Tolgfors 24 October 2006 6 September 2007 Moderate
  Ewa Björling 12 September 2007 3 October 2014 Moderate
Minister for International Development Cooperation   Gunilla Carlsson 6 October 2006 17 September 2013 Moderate
  Hillevi Engström 17 September 2013 3 October 2014 Moderate
Ministry of Defence
Minister for Defence   Mikael Odenberg 6 October 2006 5 September 2007 Moderate
  Sten Tolgfors 5 September 2007 29 March 2012 Moderate
  Catharina Elmsäter-Svärd 29 March 2012 18 April 2012 Moderate
  Karin Enström 18 April 2012 3 October 2014 Moderate
Ministry of Health and Social Affairs
Minister for Health and Social Affairs   Göran Hägglund 6 October 2006 3 October 2014 Christian Democrats
Minister for Elderly and Children Welfare   Maria Larsson 6 October 2006 3 October 2014 Christian Democrats
Minister for Public Administration and Housing   Stefan Attefall 5 October 2010 3 October 2014 Christian Democrats
Minister for Social Security   Cristina Husmark Pehrsson 6 October 2006 5 October 2010 Moderate
  Ulf Kristersson 5 October 2010 3 October 2014 Moderate
Ministry of Finance
Minister for Finance   Anders Borg 6 October 2006 3 October 2014 Moderate
Minister for Financial Markets   Mats Odell 6 October 2006 5 October 2010 Christian Democrats
  Peter Norman 5 October 2010 3 October 2014 Moderate
Ministry of Education and Research
Minister for Education   Lars Leijonborg 6 October 2006 12 September 2007 Liberal People's
  Jan Björklund 12 September 2007 3 October 2014 Liberal People's
Minister for Schools   Jan Björklund 6 October 2006 12 September 2007 Liberal People's
Minister for Higher Education and Research   Lars Leijonborg 12 September 2007 17 June 2009 Liberal People's
  Tobias Krantz 17 June 2009 5 October 2010 Liberal People's
Minister for Gender Equality   Nyamko Sabuni 5 October 2010 21 January 2013 Liberal People's
  Maria Arnholm 21 January 2013 3 October 2014 Liberal People's
Ministry of Agriculture
Minister for Agriculture   Eskil Erlandsson 6 October 2006 3 October 2014 Centre
Ministry of the Environment
Minister for the Environment   Andreas Carlgren 6 October 2006 29 september 2011 Centre
  Lena Ek 29 september 2011 3 October 2014 Centre
Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications
Minister for Enterprise   Maud Olofsson 6 October 2006 29 september 2011 Centre
  Annie Lööf 29 september 2011 3 October 2014 Centre
Minister of IT and Energy   Anna-Karin Hatt 5 October 2010 3 October 2014 Centre
Minister for Infrastructure   Åsa Torstensson 6 October 2006 5 October 2010 Centre
  Catharina Elmsäter-Svärd 5 October 2010 3 October 2014 Moderate
Ministry of Integration and Gender Equality
Minister for Integration and Gender Equality   Nyamko Sabuni 6 October 2006 5 October 2010 Liberal People's
Ministry of Culture
Minister for Culture   Cecilia Stegö Chilò 6 October 2006 16 October 2006 Moderate
  Lena Adelsohn Liljeroth 24 October 2006 3 October 2014 Moderate
Ministry of Employment
Minister for Employment   Sven Otto Littorin 6 October 2006 7 July 2010 Moderate
  Tobias Billström 7 July 2010 5 October 2010 Moderate
  Hillevi Engström 5 October 2010 17 September 2013 Moderate
  Elisabeth Svantesson 17 September 2013 3 October 2014 Moderate
Minister of Integration   Erik Ullenhag 5 October 2010 3 October 2014 Liberal People's

Party breakdown[edit]

Party breakdown of cabinet ministers:

13
4
4
3

New ministries[edit]

Policy of the cabinet[edit]

The new government was presented on October 6, 2006. The following reforms have been proposed:

  • Communication and transportation:
    • The tax on automotive fuels will be raised because of inflation adjustment, by 9 öre per litre for gasoline and 6 öre per litre for diesel (excluding VAT).[1]
  • Culture:
  • Education:
    • The reform of the secondary education (gymnasium) which was to take effect from January 1, 2007 will be scrapped and instead the new government will start planning for a deeper reform to take place some time before 2010.[4]
  • Government agencies:
  • Foreign aid:
    • The monetary foreign aid's goal and what countries receiving aid is being reconsidered.

Implemented reforms and legalizations[edit]

  • Working Tax Cuts
  • Considerably raised fees for unemployment funds, linked to the rate of unemployment among the members of each fund (introduced January 2007, abolished January 2014)[6]
  • Municipal allowance
  • Deduction for household services, so-called RUT deduction
  • Abolished compulsory military service
  • High Schools reforms and new grading system for the entire school system
  • Reforming the legal framework of the National Defence Radio Establishment (FRA)
  • Implemented the Enforcement Directive (IPRED)
  • Defence Decision 2009
  • Abolished pharmaceutical monopoly
  • Deregulated railroad traffic[7]
  • Radio frequencies for mobile broadband in 800 MHz band[8]
  • Liberalisation of the Alcohol Law
  • Abolition of the Swedish Cinema Office
  • Abolition of compulsory student union[9]
  • Deductibility of gifts to nonprofit organizations
  • Reforms of the health insurance system
  • Decreased restaurant VAT from 25 to 12 percent, to the same level as for any other food.
  • Legalization of same-sex marriage

Controversies and resignations[edit]

On October 7, 2006, the day after the new cabinet was announced two of the ministers, the Minister for Foreign Trade Maria Borelius and the Minister for Culture Cecilia Stegö Chilò, admitted that they had previously employed persons to take care of their children without paying the appropriate taxes. On October 11, 2006, it came to light that Cecilia Stegö Chilò and her husband had not paid their TV license for the last 16 years. On October 12, 2006, it emerged that two other ministers in the cabinet had neglected to pay the television license; Maria Borelius and the Minister for Migration and Asylum Policy, Tobias Billström.[10] Radiotjänst i Kiruna AB, the private agency tasked with collecting the license fee, filed criminal charges against Cecilia Stegö Chilò, Maria Borelius and Tobias Billström.[11]

On October 14, 2006, Maria Borelius resigned as Minister for Foreign Trade. On October 16, 2006, just two days after Maria Borelius' resignation, Minister for Culture Cecilia Stegö Chilò resigned as well.[12]

The Minister for Defence, Mikael Odenberg, resigned on September 5, 2007, as he thought the budget cuts his department would face were to high.[13]

On March 29, 2012, Minister for Defence, Sten Tolgfors, resigned due of his way to deal with the Project Simoom.

Public perception[edit]

In public opinion survey conducted by Aftonbladet/Sifo in late 2006, the Swedish public was asked to rate each of the new ministers on a 5-graded scale. The average result for the 22 ministers was 2.93.[14] This is higher than any of the rates that the Social Democratic Persson cabinet ever received during its years in power, and the highest ratings ever since the surveys started in 1996.[15]

From the Swedish general election, 2006 the opinions for the Reinfeldt cabinet have declined steadily from a level of about 51% down to a level about 40%,[16] which election researchers generally explain as more than what could be expected due to normal inter-election popularity fall.[citation needed] Center-right newspapers in Sweden criticize the cabinet for not being pedagogically proficient,[citation needed] while the opposition newspapers just connects the impopularity of the cabinet with the scandals and the performed practical politics.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tyngre börda för bilismen, Näringsliv24, October 20, 2006 (Swedish)
  2. ^ Free museum entry to be abolished (English), The Local, October 11, 2006.
  3. ^ Sändningstillstånd kan bli kortare för public service (English), The Local, October 11, 2006.
  4. ^ Regeringen stoppar gymnasiereform, Upsala Nya Tidning, October 11, 2006 (Swedish)
  5. ^ Fler myndighetsnedläggningar utreds, Svenska Dagbladet, October 23, 2006 (Swedish)
  6. ^ Kjellberg, Anders (2009) "The Swedish Ghent system and trade unions under pressure" Transfer no 3-4 2009 (pp. 481–504). ISSN 1024-2589
  7. ^ http://www.sweden.gov.se/sb/d/11656
  8. ^ http://www.dn.se/debatt/tv-branschens-ensamratt-till-frekvensutrymme-bryts-1.687636
  9. ^ http://www.sweden.gov.se/sb/d/11248/a/121230
  10. ^ Ministers could be reported to police over TV fee (English), The Local, October 12, 2006.
  11. ^ Ministers reported to police for unpaid TV licences (English), The Local, October 13, 2006.
  12. ^ Second Swedish minister resigns (English), The Local, October 16, 2006.
  13. ^ Odenbergs avgång en protest mot nedskärningar, Dagens Nyheter, September 5, 2007 
  14. ^ Aftonbladet, January 4, 2007 (not online).
  15. ^ Erixon, Dick, "Högsta betyg för svensk regering någonsin", January 10, 2007.
  16. ^ Synovate/Temo Opinion research

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Persson
Cabinet of Sweden
2006-2014
Succeeded by
Löfven