Reinhold Wulle

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Reinhold Wulle
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-00950, Reinhold Wulle.jpg
Born (1882-08-01)August 1, 1882
Falkenberg, German Empire
Died July 16, 1950(1950-07-16) (aged 67)
Gronau, North Rhine-Westphalia, West Germany
Nationality German
Citizenship German
Known for Völkisch politician and publicist
Political party
German National People's Party,
German Völkisch Freedom Party,
National Socialist Freedom Movement,
Deutsche Aufbaupartei,
Deutsche Konservative Partei

Reinhold Wulle ((1882-08-01)August 1, 1882 in Falkenberg, Pomerania - July 16, 1950(1950-07-16) in Gronau, North Rhine-Westphalia) was a German Völkisch politician and publicist active during the Weimar Republic.

Völkisch politics[edit]

Wulle entered political life in the spring of 1920 when he joined fellow rightists Arnold Ruge and Richard Kunze in creating the Deutschvölkischen Arbeitsring Berlin as a successor to the Deutschvölkischer Schutz und Trutzbund. However this group proved short-lived as it was absorbed into the German National People's Party (DNVP) in June of the same year.[1] Wulle became a leading member of the Völkisch wing of the DNVP, and as such was close to the likes of fellow Reichstag members Albrecht von Graefe and Wilhelm Henning.[2]

Henning was excluded from the DNVP in 1922 due to his extreme views and Wulle joined his comrade and von Graefe in setting up a völkische working group. This formed the basis of the German Völkisch Freedom Party (DVFP), an anti-Semitic political party which they established on December 16, 1922, with Wulle as deputy chairman.[3] Wulle and his allies were all members of the Reichstag and they were soon joined in leading the party by the likes of Ernst Graf zu Reventlow, Artur Dinter and Theodor Fritsch.[4] During his involvement in the DVFP Wulle was investigated for involvement in a possible coup attempt by the Black Reichswehr, although little came of it.[5]

Given their far right, anti-Semitic views the DVFP soon began to co-operate with the Nazi Party, notably during the period in which the latter was officially illegal and Adolf Hitler was imprisoned. On this basis Wulle was re-elected to the Reichstag in the May 1924 election for the National Socialist Freedom Movement although the alliance with the NSDAP was somewhat shaky with Wulle criticising the Socialist 'class war' mentality that was still rife in many sections of the Nazi Party at that time in party documents. With personality clashes also an issue, Wulle joined Reventlow, Graefe and Fritsch in splitting away to form their own Deutschvölkische Freiheitsbewegung in 1925 with the DVFP re-established son afterwards.[4] Wulle became party chairman in 1928, although by then it had lost most of its membership to the Nazis and he soon became the leading authoritarian conservative enemy of the Harzburg Front.[6] He also sought to advocate his views elsewhere and made a speaking tour of Latin America in 1927, advancing his Pan-German opinions.[7]

Under the Nazis[edit]

Following the establishment of Nazi Germany in 1933 Wulle, who had become a staunch monarchist, welcomed the leadership of Hitler as part of a transition period towards a re-establishment of the Prussian monarchy in his newsletter, which he continued to publish.[8]

Initially allowed to carry on some of his activities, Wulle was arrested on 17 August 1938 for breaching the "Heimtückegesetz" (Insidiousness Law) and the law against the new formation by parties.[9] His two initiatives, the Gesellschaft Deutsche Freiheit and the Informationsbriefe, were banned whilst he was also expelled from the Reichsschrifttumskammer. Initially held in prison in Berlin he was taken into 'protective custody' in Sachsenhausen concentration camp in 1940, although he was a somewhat co-operative prisoner and enjoyed a comparatively easy time as a result, including being allowed to receive cigars from Prince Wilhelm of Prussia.[10]

Post-war activity[edit]

At the end of the Second World War Wulle settled in Gronau where he established the Deutsche Aufbaupartei on 31 October 1945 along with Joachim Ostau. The party was staunchly nationalist and supported the re-establishment of the monarchy, whilst dismissing Nazism as "a strange conqueror of Germany and the German soul".[11] The party merged into the Deutsche Konservative Partei in 1946.

Wulle was briefly brought before the British military government who felt that, whilst he was not a Nazi as such, his ideas did not promote democracy to the German people.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Uwe Lohalm, Völkischer Radikalismus: Die Geschichte des Deutschvölkischen Schutz- und Trutz-Bundes. 1919 - 1923 Leibniz-Verlag, Hamburg 1970, p. 258
  2. ^ Hermann Beck, The Fateful Alliance, Berghahn Books, 2008, pp. 36-8
  3. ^ Bernhard Sauer, Schwarze Reichswehr und Fememorde - Eine Milieustudie zum Rechtsradikalismus in der Weimarer Republik, Metropol Verlag, Berlin 2004, p. 39
  4. ^ a b Richard S. Levy, Antisemitism, ABC-CLIO, 2005, p. 265
  5. ^ Sauer, Reichswehr, pp. 41-2
  6. ^ Horst Schmollinger, 'Deutsche Konservative Partei − Deutsche Rechtspartei' in Richard Stöss (ed.), Parteien-Handbuch: Die Parteien der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1945-1980, Westdeutscher Verlag, Opladen 1983, p. 986
  7. ^ Max Paul Friedman, Nazis and Good Neighbours, Cambridge University Press, 2003, p. 21
  8. ^ Reinhold Wulle, Die deutsche Revolution, Berlin 1934, quoted by Weißbecker, Freiheitspartei, p. 556
  9. ^ Martin Schumacher (ed.), M.d.R. Die Reichstagsabgeordneten der Weimarer Republik in der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus - Politische Verfolgung, Emigration und Ausbürgerung 1933−1945 Droste-Verlag, Düsseldorf 1991, p. 1555
  10. ^ Schumacher, M.d.R., p. 1556.
  11. ^ Reinhold Wulle, An alle Deutschen o.O., o.D. quoted by Schmollinger, 'Deutsche Konservative Partei', p. 990
  12. ^ Schmollinger, 'Deutsche Konservative Partei', p. 987