The Reizei family (冷泉) is a branch of the clan Fujiwara, with a long poetic tradition. The Reizei family descended from Fujiwara no Michinaga through his sixth son, Nagaie (1005-1064); this line was known by the name of Mikohidari until Tamesuke took the name of Reizei. Nagaie's second son Tadaie (1033-1091) had a second son, Toshitada (1071-1123), whose fourth son Toshinari (also known as Fujiwara no Shunzei, 1114-1204) had a second son, Sadaie (also known as Fujiwara no Teika, 1162-1241), whose third son Tameie (1198-1275) was Reizei Tamesuke's father.
The present (25th generation) head of the senior line of the family is Reizei Tamehito (born 1944).
For eight centuries, the family secretly preserved, under imperial order, an important collection of documents. On April 4, 1980, this collection of about 200,000 pieces was made public by Tametō Reizei (1914-1986). The following year, a library in Tokyo was created specially for their conservation. Not all of the documents have yet been identified, but certain ones have already been classified as national treasures.
Heads of the Reizei family
1- Reizei Tamesuke (1263-1328)
2- Reizei Tamehide (d. 1372)
3- Reizei Tamemasa (1361-1417)
4- Reizei Tameyuki (1393-1439)
6- Reizei Tamehiro (1450-1526)
7- Reizei Tamekazu (1486-1549)
8- Reizei Tamemasu (1516-1570)
9- Reizei Tamemitsu (1559-1619)
10- Reizei Tameyori
11- Reizei Tameharu
12- Reizei Tamekiyo
13- Reizei Tametsuna
14- Reizei Tamehisa (1686-1741)
15- Reizei Tamemura (1712-1774)
16- Reizei Tameyasu
17- Reizei Tamefumi (1752-1822)
18- Reizei Tamenori
19- Reizei Tametake
20- Reizei Tametada (1824-1885)
21- Reizei Tamemoto (1854-1905)
22- Reizei Tametsugi (1881-1946)
23- Reizei Tameomi (d. 1944)
24- Reizei Tametou (1914-1986)
25- Reizei Tamehito (1944-)
- (French) Louis Frédéric, Le Japon, dictionnaire et civilisation, Paris: Robert Laffont, coll. «Bouquins», 1996. ISBN 2-221-06764-9
- (English) JSTOR article
- Steven D. Carter, Householders: The Reizei Family in Japanese History (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2007) (Harvard-Yenching Institute monograph series, 61).
- Takie Sugiyama Lebra, Above the Clouds: Status Culture of the Modern Japanese Nobility (University of California Press, 1993)
- This article is based on a translation of the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia.