Relax (song)

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"Relax"
Single by Frankie Goes to Hollywood
from the album Welcome to the Pleasuredome
B-side "One September Monday", "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey"
Released 24 October 1983 (1983-10-24)
Format 7", 12", MC
Recorded 1983
Genre
Length 3:53
Label ZTT
Writer(s) Peter Gill, Holly Johnson, Brian Nash, Mark O'Toole
Producer(s) Trevor Horn
Frankie Goes to Hollywood singles chronology
"'Relax"
(1983)
"Two Tribes"
(1984)
Music sample
30 second sample

"Relax" is the debut single by Frankie Goes to Hollywood, released in the UK by ZTT Records in 1983. The song was later included on the album Welcome to the Pleasuredome (1984).

Although fairly inauspicious upon initial release, "Relax" finally reached number one on the UK singles chart on 24 January 1984, ultimately becoming one of the most controversial and most commercially successful records of the entire decade. The single eventually sold a reported 2 million copies in the UK alone, making it the seventh best-selling single in the UK Singles Chart's history.[1] Following the release of the group's second single, "Two Tribes", "Relax" rallied from a declining UK chart position during June 1984 to climb back up the UK charts and re-attain number-two spot behind "Two Tribes" at number one, representing simultaneous chart success by a single act unprecedented since the early 1960s.

Upon release in the United States in late 1984, "Relax" repeated its slow UK progress, reaching number 67 upon initial release, but eventually reaching number 10 in March 1985.

The song won Best British Single at the 1985 Brit Awards.

The song was used in the films Body Double, Police Academy, Gotcha!, Bony a klid, Zoolander and The Proposal. It was featured in a season one episode of Miami Vice "Little Prince" , in The Simpsons episode "Homer the Smithers" and in the video game Grand Theft Auto: Vice City Stories, Saints Row: The Third,[2] and a 2009 television advertisement for Virgin Atlantic, marking 25 years since the company's foundation.[3]

Background and recording

An excerpt from Relax (Demo)

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ZTT Records signed Frankie Goes to Hollywood after producer-turned-ZTT cofounder Trevor Horn saw the band play on the television show The Tube, on which the group played an early version of "Relax". Horn described the original version of "Relax" as "More a jingle than a song", but he preferred to work with songs that were not professionally finished because he could then "fix them up" in his own style.[4] Once the band was signed, ZTT co-founder Paul Morley mapped out the marketing campaign fashioned as a "strategic assault on pop". Morley opted to tackle the biggest possible themes in the band's singles ("sex, war, religion"), of which "Relax" would be the first, and emphasised the shock impact of Frankie members Holly Johnson's and Paul Rutherford's open homosexuality in the packaging and music videos.[5]

Horn dominated the recording of "Relax" in his effort for perfectionism. The band were overawed and intimidated by Horn's reputation, and thus were too nervous to make suggestions. Johnson said in his autobiography, "Whatever he said we went along with".[5] When attempts to record with the full band proved unsatisfactory, Horn hired former Ian Dury backing band the Blockheads for the sessions, with Norman Watt-Roy providing the original bass line. Those sessions were later deemed to be not modern sounding enough. Horn then constructed a more electronic-based version of the song with keyboards by session musician Andy Richards and with rhythm programming assistance from J. J. Jeczalik of Art of Noise. Horn developed this version of the recording in his west London studio while the band remained in their hometown of Liverpool. Ultimately lead vocalist Johnson was the only band member to perform on the record; the only contribution by the other members was a sample crafted from the sound of the rest of the band jumping into a swimming pool. Horn explained years later, "I was just . . . Look, 'Relax' had to be a hit." Despite the band's absence from the record, Horn said, "I could never have done these records in isolation. There was no actual playing by the band, but the whole feeling came from the band." Horn completed the recording having spent £70,000 in studio time.[6]

Release and controversy

Morley intentionally courted scandal with the promotion of "Relax". ZTT initiated the ad campaign for "Relax" with two quarter-page ads in the British music press. The first ad featured images of Rutherford in a sailor cap and a leather vest, and Johnson with a shaved head and rubber gloves. The images were accompanied by the phrase "ALL THE NICE BOYS LOVE SEA MEN" and declared "Frankie Goes to Hollywood are coming ... making Duran Duran lick the shit off their shoes ... Nineteen inches that must be taken always." The second ad promised "theories of bliss, a history of Liverpool from 1963 to 1983, a guide to Amsterdam bars".[7]

When first released in November 1983, the initial progress of "Relax" on the UK Top 75 was sluggish. First charting at number 67, by its seventh week on the chart it had progressed only to number 35, even falling back slightly during that time. But then on Thursday 5 January 1984, Frankie Goes to Hollywood performed "Relax" on the BBC flagship television chart show, Top of the Pops. The following week it soared to number 6. On 11 January 1984, Radio 1 disc jockey Mike Read expressed on air his distaste for both the record's suggestive sleeve (designed by Anne Yvonne Gilbert) and its lyrics, which centered on the oft-repeated "Relax, don't do it/When you want to suck it, do it/Relax, don't do it/ When you want to come."[8] He announced his refusal to play the record, not knowing that the BBC had just decided that the song was not to be played on the BBC anyway.

In support of their disc jockey, BBC Radio banned the single from its shows a reported two days later (although certain prominent night-time BBC shows — including those of Kid Jensen and John Peel — continued to play the record, as they saw fit, throughout 1984).[9] The now-banned "Relax" rose to number 2 in the charts by 17 January, and hit the number-one spot on 24 January. By this time, the BBC Radio ban had extended to Top of the Pops as well, which displayed a still picture of the group during its climactic Number One announcement, before airing a performance by a non-Number One artist.

This went on for the five weeks that "Relax" was at number one. It then began a slow decline on the charts, falling back as far as number 31 in May 1984 before returning to number two in July whilst Frankie's follow-up single "Two Tribes" held the UK number-one spot. In the end, "Relax" remained on the Top 75 for 48 consecutive weeks and returned in February 1985 for four more, giving a total of 52.[10]

The ban became an embarrassment for the BBC, especially given that UK commercial radio and television stations were still playing the song. Later in 1984 the ban was lifted and "Relax" featured on both the Christmas Day edition of Top of the Pops and Radio 1's rundown of the best-selling singles of the year.

Throughout the "Relax" controversy, the band continued to publicly deny that the song's lyrics were sexual. Nevertheless, by 1984, it was clear that the public were aware of the sexual nature of the lyrics, but the scandal had fuelled sales anyway. In 1985, with the release of the Welcome to the Pleasuredome album (which included "Relax"), the band dropped any public pretense about the lyrics:

Everything I say is complete lies. Like, when people ask you what 'Relax' was about, when it first came out we used to pretend it was about motivation, and really it was about shagging.

—Mark O'Toole, Welcome to the Pleasuredome album liner notes

The track was reissued in September 1993, the first of a string of Frankie Goes to Hollywood singles to be reissued in this year. It debuted at a high number six on the UK singles chart and peaked at number five the next week. It spent seven weeks on the Top 75 this time, thus extending its combined total to 59, making it the 3rd longest runner of all time (seven other singles have since surpassed it; now it is in joint 10th place).[11]

Original 1983–1984 mixes

Relax "The Last Seven Inches"

Although the 7-inch version of the single remained unchanged throughout its initial release (a mix generally known as "Relax (Move)"), promotional 7-inch records featuring a substantially different mix of "Relax" (entitled either "The Last Seven Inches" or "Warp Mix" because it is a compilation of other versions) were the subject of a limited 1984 release.

An excerpt from Relax (The Last Seven Inches)

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Three principal 12-inch remixes of "Relax" were eventually created by producer Trevor Horn:

One of the reasons we did all the remixes was that the initial 12-inch version of 'Relax' contained something called 'The Sex Mix', which was 16 minutes long and didn't even contain a song. It was really Holly Johnson just jamming, as well as a bunch of samples of the group jumping in the swimming pool and me sort of making disgusting noises by dropping stuff into buckets of water! We got so many complaints about it — particularly from gay clubs, who found it offensive — that we cut it in half and reduced it down to eight minutes, by taking out some of the slightly more offensive parts [this became the "New York Mix"]. Then we got another load of complaints, because the single version wasn't on the 12-inch — I didn't see the point in this at the time, but I was eventually put straight about it.[12]

Horn attested that visits to New York's Paradise Garage club led to the creation of the final "Relax (U.S. Mix)", which ultimately replaced the original "Sex Mix"/"New York Mix" releases:

It was only when I went to this club and heard the sort of things they were playing that I really understood about 12-inch remixes. Although I myself had already had a couple of big 12-inch hits, I'd never heard them being played on a big sound system, and so I then went back and mixed 'Relax' again and that was the version which sold a couple of million over here [in the UK].[12]

Relax picture 12" disk

The original 12-inch version of "Relax", labelled "Sex Mix", ran for over 16 minutes, and is broadly as described by Horn above. The subsequent "New York Mix" was an 8-minute-plus edit of the "Sex Mix", and can only be distinguished by having 12ISZTAS1 etched on the vinyl. The final 12-inch mix, containing no elements from the foregoing versions, was designated the "U.S. Mix", and ran for approximately 7:20. This was the most commonly available 12-inch version of "Relax" during its worldwide 1984 chart success.

The UK cassette single featured as the title track a unique amalgam of excerpts from the "Sex Mix", "U.S. Mix", "Move" and an instrumental version of "Move".

Since virtually all of the UK "Relax" 12-inch singles were labeled "Sex Mix", a method of differentiating between versions by reference to the record's matrix numbers necessarily became de rigueur for collectors of Frankie Goes to Hollywood releases (and ultimately collectors of ZTT records in general).

"Relax (Come Fighting)" was the version of the song included on the Welcome to the Pleasuredome album. This is ostensibly a variant of the 7-inch "Move" mix, but readily distinguishable from it in many ways, of which the most obvious are the fade-in (virtually no fade-in and the vocal is always central on the album track), plus a prominent reverbed-kick-drum sound during the introduction and third sung chorus (completely missing from the album version). The "Come Fighting" version also shares with the later "1993 Classic Mix" reissue (which is almost identical to the album version) a certain post-production sheen (greater stereo separation of parts, more strategic uses of reverb, etc.) that is absent from the original 1983 7-inch single mix.

The original airing of Relax on The Tube, before the band were signed to ZTT, featured another verse that was edited from all the released versions, "In heaven everything is fine, you've got yours and I've got mine", presumably removed as it was taken directly from the David Lynch film Eraserhead.

B-sides

The 7-inch featured "One September Monday", an interview between ZTT's Paul Morley, Holly Johnson and Paul Rutherford. During the interview, Holly revealed that the group's name derived from a page of the New Yorker magazine, headlined "Frankie Goes to Hollywood" and featuring Frank Sinatra "getting mobbed by teenyboppers".

On all of the original 12-inch releases, the B-side featured a cover of "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey", followed by a brief dialogue involving Rutherford attempting to sign on, and an a cappella version of the title track's chorus, segueing into an instrumental version of "Relax", known as "From Soft to Hard". "From Soft to Hard" has the same structure as the 7-inch "Move" mix, but is not simply an instrumental of this mix.

The UK cassette single included "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey" and interview sections not included on "One September Monday".

Videos

The first official video for "Relax", directed by Bernard Rose and set in a S&M themed gay nightclub, featuring the bandmembers accosted by buff leathermen, a glamorous drag queen, and an obese admirer dressed up as a Roman emperor, was allegedly banned by MTV and the BBC, prompting the recording of a second video, directed by Godley and Creme[13] in early 1984, featuring the group performing with the help of laser beams. However, after the second video was made the song was banned completely by the BBC, meaning that neither video was ever broadcast on any BBC music programmes.

In addition, a version including footage from the Brian De Palma film Body Double as well as a live version, directed by David Mallet, also made the rounds at MTV.

Track listings

  • All discographical information pertains to original UK releases only unless noted
  • "Relax" written by Peter Gill/Johnson/Mark O'Toole
  • "One September Monday" credited to Gill/Johnson/Morley/Brian Nash/O'Toole/Rutherford
  • "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey" written by Gerry Marsden

7": ZTT / ZTAS 1 (UK)

  1. "Relax" (move) – 3:52
  2. "One September Monday" – 4:47
  • also released as a picture disc bb(P ZTAS 1)

12": ZTT / 12 ZTAS 1

An excerpt from the 16-minute version of "Relax (Sex Mix)"

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  1. "Relax" (sex mix) (16:24)
  2. "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey" – 4:03
  3. "Relax" (from soft to hard) – 4:21

also released as a 3 track 12" picture disc featuring: (Sex Mix,) (Ferry 'Cross the Mersey,) (From Soft to Hard) – (12PZTAS1)

12": ZTT / 12ISZTAS 1

  1. "Relax" (New York mix) (8:20)
  2. "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey" – 4:03
  3. "Relax" (from soft to hard) – 4:21
  • "New York mix" is an edit of "Sex mix"

12": ZTT / 12 ZTAS 1 & CD MAXI: ZTT 651096

An excerpt from "Relax (U.S. Mix)"

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  1. "Relax" (U.S. mix) – 7:20
  2. "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey" – 4:03
  3. "Relax" (from soft to hard) – 4:21

12": ZTT / 200 068-6

  1. "Relax" (Disco mix) (6:15)
  2. "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey" – 4:03
  3. "Relax" (from soft to hard) – 4:21
  • "Disco mix" (aka "The Greek Disco Mix") is a combination of "Relax (move)" and the "New York Mix"

12": Island / 0-96975

  1. "Relax" (U.S. mix) – 7:20
  2. "Relax" (move) – 3:52
  3. "Relax" (from soft to hard) – 4:21
  • "U.S. Mix" labelled as "Long version"
  • "Move" labelled as "7" Version"
  • "from soft to hard" labelled as "Instrumental"
  • also released on MC in Canada (Island / ISC-69750)

MC: ZTT / CTIS 102

An excerpt from Relax (cassette single)

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  • "From Soft To Hard – From Dry To Moist"
  1. "The Party Trick" (acting dumb) – 0:36
  2. "The Special Act" (adapted from the sex mix) – 7:46
  3. "The US Mix" (come dancing) – 4:38
  4. "The Single" (the act) – 3:55
  5. "Later On" (from One September Monday) – 1:36
  6. "Ferry Across The Mersey (...and here I'll stay)" – 4:06

MC: ZTT

  • "Relax"
  1. "Relax" – 3:57
  2. "Relax MCMXCIII"– 3:43
  3. "Ollie J Remix" (come dancing) – 6:31
  4. "Jam & Spoon trip - O-Matic Fairn Tale Mix" - 7:50
  5. "Jam & Sppon Hi N6R6G Mix" – 7:54
  6. "New York Mix - The original" – 7:26

Charts and certifications

Original version (1983 to 1985)

Re-issues

The title track has periodically been reissued as a single in a number of remix forms.

1993 re-issues

CD: ZTT / FGTH1CD

  1. "Relax" – 3:55
  2. "Relax" (MCMXCIII) – 3:42
  3. "Relax" (Ollie J. Remix) – 6:38
  4. "Relax" (Jam & Spoon Trip-O-Matic Fairy Tale Remix) – 7:52
  5. "Relax" (Jam & Spoon HI N-R-G Remix) – 7:55
  6. "Relax" (U.S. Mix) – 7:22

2x12": ZTT / SAM 1231

  1. "Relax" (Ollie J. Remix) – 6:38
  2. "Relax" (Trip-Ship Edit) – 6:12
  3. "Relax" (Ollie J's Seven Inches) – 3:30
  4. "Relax" (Jam & Spoon HI N-R-G Remix) – 7:55
  5. "Relax" (Jam & Spoon Trip-O-Matic Fairy Tale Remix) – 7:52
  6. "Relax" (MCMXCIII) – 3:42
  • UK 12" promo

2001 re-issue

Cd maxi rep 8027

  1. "Relax" 4:11 (original single A side)
  2. "One September Monday" 4:50 (original single B side)
  3. "Ferry Cross The Mersey"4:06 (original 12inch B side)
  4. "Relax MCMXIII" 3:43
  5. "Relax" 4:07 [enhanced section](original video)

CD: Star 69 / STARCD 520 (US)

  1. "Relax" (Peter Rauhofer's Doomsday Radio Mix) – 3:45
  2. "Relax" (Peter Rauhofer's Doomsday Club Mix) – 9:47
  3. "Relax" (Saeed & Palash Addictive Journey) – 11:16
  4. "Relax" (Coldcut Remix) – 4:59
  5. "Relax" (Peter Rauhofer's Doomsday Dub) – 6:27
  6. "Relax" (Original New York 12" Mix) – 7:31
  7. "Relax" (Original Radio Mix) – 3:54

Covers

See also

Bibliography

  • Reynolds, Simon. Rip It Up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978–1984. Penguin, 2005. ISBN 0-14-303672-6

References

  1. ^ "Get Lucky becomes one of the UK’s biggest selling singles of all-time!". Officialcharts.com. 2013-06-27. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  2. ^ "Video Games: Video Game News & Trends: Xbox 360, Wii, PS3 | Complex". Planetxbox360.com. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  3. ^ "Virgin Atlantic: 25 years, Still Red Hot". Virgin Atlantic. Retrieved 10 January 2010. 
  4. ^ Reynolds, p. 377
  5. ^ a b Reynolds, p. 379
  6. ^ Reynolds, p. 380
  7. ^ Reynolds, p. 381
  8. ^ Stuart Maconie (2013). The People’s Songs: The Story of Modern Britain in 50 Records. p. 263. ISBN 140903318X. 
  9. ^ "'Banned' Frankie tops chart". BBC News. 6 October 2000. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  10. ^ [1][dead link][dead link][dead link]
  11. ^ [2][dead link][dead link][dead link]
  12. ^ a b "From ABC to ZTT". Sound On Sound. August 1994. 
  13. ^ "Frankie Goes to Hollywood - "Relax [version 3: lasers]"". mvdbase.com. 1984-10-29. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i Iain Blair (1985). Frankie Goes to Hollywood. pp. 20 and 21. ISBN 978-0809252756. 
  15. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Frankie Goes To Hollywood – Relax" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
  16. ^ "Ultratop.be – Frankie Goes To Hollywood – Relax" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
  17. ^ "Relax in Canadian Top Singles Chart". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c Steve Hawtin et al. "Song artist 604 - Frankie Goes To Hollywood". Tsort.info. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  19. ^ "Relax in French Chart" (in French). Dominic DURAND / InfoDisc. 20 June 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2013.  You have to use the index at the top of the page and search "Frankie Goes to Hollywood"
  20. ^ "Officialcharts.de – Frankie Goes To Hollywood – Relax". GfK Entertainment.
  21. ^ a b "Relax in Irish Chart". IRMA. Retrieved 20 June 2013.  Two last results when searching "Relax"
  22. ^ "The best-selling singles of 1984 in Italy". HitParadeItalia (it). Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
    11. Relax - Frankie Goes to Hollywood [#1]
  23. ^ a b "Nederlandse Top 40 – Frankie Goes To Hollywood search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40.
  24. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Frankie Goes To Hollywood – Relax" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  25. ^ a b "Charts.org.nz – Frankie Goes To Hollywood – Relax". Top 40 Singles.
  26. ^ a b "Norwegiancharts.com – Frankie Goes To Hollywood – Relax". VG-lista.
  27. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. 
  28. ^ a b "Swedishcharts.com – Frankie Goes To Hollywood – Relax". Singles Top 60.
  29. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Frankie Goes To Hollywood – Relax". Swiss Singles Chart.
  30. ^ a b "Frankie Goes to Hollywood". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  31. ^ a b c d e "Frankie Goes to Hollywood awards on Allmusic". Allmusic. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  32. ^ Charted twice. The 3:02 version peaked at #67 on 5/5/1984; the 3:56 version peaked at #10 3/16/1985.
  33. ^ Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin - levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Tammi. ISBN 978-951-1-21053-5. 
  34. ^ "Lescharts.com – Frankie Goes To Hollywood – Relax" (in French). Les classement single.
  35. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Frankie Goes To Hollywood – Relax '93". ARIA Top 50 Singles.
  36. ^ Hung Medien. "Relax '93 in Austrian Chart". Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  37. ^ "Relax '93 in Belgian Chart". Ultratop and Hung Medien. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  38. ^ "Relax '93 in German Chart". Media control. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  39. ^ "Relax '93 in GfK Dutch Chart". Hung Medien. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  40. ^ Hung Medien. "Relax '93 in Swiss Chart". Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  41. ^ "Canadian certifications – Frankie Goes to Hollywood – Relax". Music Canada. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  42. ^ "British certifications – Frankie Goes to Hollywood – Relax". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 29 March 2012.  Enter Relax in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Click Go
  43. ^ "Record Breakers and Trivia : Singles : Individual Hits : Sales". everyHit.com. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  44. ^ "American certifications – Frankie Goes to Hollywood – Relax". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  45. ^ "U2 Relax - U2 on tour". U2gigs.com. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 

External links

Preceded by
"Pipes of Peace" by Paul McCartney
UK Singles Chart number-one single
24 January 1984
Succeeded by
"99 Red Balloons" by Nena