Reliability block diagram
A reliability block diagram (RBD) is a diagrammatic method for showing how component reliability contributes to the success or failure of a complex system. RBD is also known as a dependence diagram (DD).
A RBD or DD is drawn as a series of blocks connected in parallel or series configuration. Each block represents a component of the system with a failure rate. Parallel paths are redundant, meaning that all of the parallel paths must fail for the parallel network to fail. By contrast, any failure along a series path causes the entire series path to fail.
A RBD may be drawn using switches in place of blocks, where a closed switch represents a working component and an open switch represents a failed component. If a path may be found through the network of switches from beginning to end, the system still works.
A RBD may be converted to a success tree by replacing series paths with AND gates and parallel paths with OR gates. A success tree may then be converted to a fault tree by applying de Morgan's theorem.
- Modarres, Mohammad; Mark Kaminskiy, Vasiliy Krivtsov (1999). "4" (pdf). Reliability Engineering and Risk Analysis. Ney York, NY: Marcel Decker, Inc. p. 198. ISBN 0-8247-2000-8. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
- "6.4 Reliability Modeling and Prediction" (pdf). Electronic Reliability Design Handbook. B. U.S. Department of Defense. 1998. MIL–HDBK–338B. Retrieved 2010-03-16.