|Traded as||NSE: RCOM
|Key people||Anil Ambani (President)|
|Revenue||1110 crore (US$170 million) (2012)|
|Net income||156 crore (US$24 million) (2012)|
|Total assets||80395 crore (US$12 billion) (2011)|
|Subsidiaries||Reliance Globalcom Limited
Reliance Big TV Limited
Reliance Communications Ltd. (commonly called RCOM) is an Indian Internet access (commonly called "broadband") and telecommunications company headquartered in Navi Mumbai, India. RCOM is India's second largest telecom operator, only after Bharti Airtel. It is the 15th largest mobile phone operator with over 150 million subscribers. Established in 2004, it is a subsidiary of the Reliance Group. The company has five segments: Wireless segment includes wireless operations of the company; broadband segment includes Internet access operations of the company; Global segment include national long distance and international long distance operations of the company and the wholesale operations of its subsidiaries; Investment segment includes investment activities of the Group companies, and Other segment consists of the customer care activities and direct-to-home (DTH) activities.
It ranks among the top 5 telecommunications companies in the world by number of customers in a single country. Reliance Communications corporate clientele includes 2,100 Indian and multinational corporations, and over 800 global, regional and domestic carriers. The company established a pan-India, integrated (wireless and wireline), convergent (voice, data and video) digital network that is capable of supporting services spanning the entire communications value chain, covering over 24,000 towns and 6,00,000 villages. Reliance Communications owns and operates the IP-enabled connectivity infrastructure, comprising over 1,90,000 kilometres of fibre optic cable systems in India, USA, Europe, Middle East and the Asia Pacific region.
Reliance Telecommunication Limited
Subsidiary Reliance Telecommunication Limited (RTL) operates in Gujarat,Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Odisha, Bihar, Assam, and the north east of India. It first offered GSM services in January 2009.
Reliance Tech Services
Reliance Tech Services is the IT services wing of Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani group. It provides IT consultancy, business process outsourcing and software development for Reliance Communications and other ADA group companies. It provides services to industry sectors such as telecommunications, financial services, utilities, entertainment, infrastructure, BPO[clarification needed] operations and health care.
Reliance Globalcom owns the Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe undersea cable system, which spanned 65,000 km in 2006. Over 110,000 km of domestic optic-fibre connects 40 markets in India, the Middle East, Asia, Europe, and the US
Reliance Internet Data Centre
RIDC provides Internet data centre (IDC) services located in Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Chennai. Spread across 650,000 sq ft (60,000 m2) of hosting space, it offers IT infrastructure management services to large, medium and small enterprises. It is one of the leading data-centre service provider in India and provides services like colocation, managed server hosting, virtual private server and data security. It has launched cloud computing services, offering product under its infrastructure as a server (Iaas) and software as a service (Saas) portfolio, which enables enterprises, mainly small and medium, a cost-effective IT infrastructure and application on pay-per-user model.
Reliance Digital TV
Reliance Big TV launched in August 2008 and thereafter acquired 1 million subscribers within 90 days of launch, the fastest ramp-up ever achieved by any DTH operator in the world. Reliance Big TV offers its 1.7 million customers DVD-quality pictures on over 200 channels using MPEG-4 technology.
- FLAG Telecom
- Yipes ethernet service
Reliance Communications Limited has its offices in Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chandigarh, Chennai, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kochi, Kolkata, Lucknow, Patna and Pune.
On 19 May 2010, the 3G spectrum auction in India ended. Reliance Communications paid 5864.29 crores for spectrum in 13 circles. The circles it will provide 3G in are Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Punjab, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, Assam, North East, Jammu & Kashmir. On 11 June 2010, the broadband wireless access (BWA) or 4G spectrum auction in India ended. Infotel Broadband, a subsidiary of Reliance Industries, won pan-India licence in the auction across 22 circles, the only telecom operator other than state-owned BSNL/MTNL to do so. Infotel paid the government 12847.77 crore for the licence.
According to Cellular Operators Association of India (COAI) director-general Rajan S. Mathews, Reliance Industries was expected to launch 4G services in December 2011. They were expected to use LTE technology. On 25 May 2012, RCom announced a price reduction of 61% on its 3G services.
On 31 January 2013, Reliance announced its partnership with Lenovo to market co-branded smartphones in India. The smartphones were said to use the Android operating system and have dual-core processors.
Reliance Communications competes with 14 other mobile operators throughout India. They are Aircel, Airtel, BSNL, Idea, Loop Mobile, MTNL, MTS, Ping Mobile, S Tel, Tata DoCoMo, Tata Indicom, Uninor, Videocon, Virgin Mobile (GSM & CDMA) and Vodafone.
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On 2 February 2011, the CBI arrested former Telecommunications Union Minister A.Raja. The CBI also arrested R.K. Chandolia, Raja's personal aide, and Siddharth Behura, the former Telecom Secretary. Both A.Raja and R.K Chandolia are heard in conversation with Niira Radia in the released Radia tapes.
On 8 February 2011, the CBI arrested Mumbai based Dynamix Balwas (DB) group managing director Shahid Usman Balwa in connexion with the 2G spectrum allocation scam. The CBI has evidence from the Income Tax department that Shahid Usman Balwa, considered close to A. Raja, was instrumental in channelling the kickbacks allegedly received by the former telecom minister.
On 29 March 2011, in Delhi, the CBI arrested Asif Balwa (younger brother of the arrested former managing director of DB-Etisalat Group, Shahid Balwa) and Rajeev Agarwal for their alleged involvement in money transfer to the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam's (DMK) Kalaignar TV channel.
On 2 April 2011, the CBI filed its first 80,000 page chargesheet in the 2G spectrum scam before a Special Court in Delhi naming nine individuals and three companies. It said the wrongful acts of the accused deprived the government exchequer of possible revenues amounting to 30985 crore (US$4.7 billion). The accused include the following individuals:
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- "RCom slashes 3G tariff by 61%". The Times Of India. 25 May 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- "Reliance Improved their 3g with MIMO Technology". Teletechnology of India. 22 August 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- "Reliance, in a deal with Lenovo to offer co-branded Jelly Bean smartphones to consumers". TechIt.in. 1 February 2013.
- "CBI arrests ex-telecoms min A.Raja over graft". Reuters India. 2 February 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
- PTI (2011-02-02). "2G spectrum scam: Former telecom minister A Raja arrested - The Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- "CBI arrests DB group MD Shahid Balwa in 2G scam". Hindustan Times. 9 February 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
- "CBI arrests Balwa's brother and another". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 30 March 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
- "CBI charges Raja, 8 others and 3 companies in 2G case". The Hindu Business Line. 2 April 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2011.