Religion in Jordan

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King Abdullah I Mosque at night in capital Amman. The royal family of Jordan adheres to Sunni branch of Islamic religion.

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a majority Muslim country with 95% of the population following Sunni Islam while a small minority follow Sufi and Shiite branches. There are also about 20,000 Druze living mostly in the north of Jordan. Jordan also has an indigenous Christian minority, making up around 4% of the population, mainly Greek Orthodox or Catholic.[1] There are no legal restrictions on Jews, but in 2006 there were reported to be no Jewish citizens.[2] Baha'is[3] and religious minorities practice freely in Jordan, however, with specific restrictions.

Distribution[edit]

The percentages vary slightly in different cities and regions, for instance the south of Jordan and cities like Zarqa have the highest percentage of Muslims, while Amman, Irbid, Madaba, Salt, and Karak have larger Christian communities than the national average, and the towns of Fuheis, Al Husn and Ajloun have either majority Christian or much greater than national average. As well as several villages have mixed Christian/Muslim populations, like Kufranja and Raimoun in the north.

Christians made up 30% of the Jordanian population in 1950.[4] However, Jordanian Christians emigration to the European Union, Canada and the United States has significantly decreased the Christian percentage of the country's population.[4]

Anglicans/Episcopalians in Jordan are under the oversight of the Anglican Bishop in Jerusalem. The Church of the Redeemer is the largest congregation by membership of any church in the entire Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem. Other Episcopal churches are in Ashrafiyya, Salt, Zarqa, Marka refugee camp, Irbid, Al Husn and Aqaba.

Social life[edit]

In general, Muslims and Christians live together with no major problems regarding differences and discrimination.[citation needed] However, the smallest minorities, consisting of small Shi’a, Baha’i, and Druze contingents, experience the greatest degree of religious discrimination from the government.[5] Examples include the rejection of the Jordanian government to recognize members of the Baha'i Faith and the Anglican faith.[6]

Religious freedom[edit]

The state religion is Islam, but the Constitution provides for the freedom to practice one's religion in accordance with the customs that are observed in the Kingdom, unless they violate public order or morality.

However, some issues, such as religious conversion, are controversial. While conversion to Islam is relatively free of legal complications, those wishing to leave Islam risk the loss of civil rights, and face immense societal pressure. Among some of the restrictions against religious minorities include:[7]

  • Lack of religious recognition by the government of Jordan.
  • Some religious community cannot receive National IDs.
  • Baha'is cannot register their property.
  • Baha'is are not permitted to establish schools, places of worship, or cemeteries.
  • Aside from Christians, all other religious minorities that are not Muslim do not have its own court to adjudicate personal status and family matters.
  • Christian missionaries may not proselytize Muslims.

In June 2006, the government published the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in the Official Gazette. Article 18 of the Covenant provides for freedom of religion.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jordan International Religious Freedom Report 2005". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2014-04-09. 
  2. ^ US Department of State (2006), International Religious Freedom Report 2006. [1]
  3. ^ البهائيون في الأردن
  4. ^ a b Fleishman, Jeffrey (2009-05-10). "For Christian enclave in Jordan, tribal lands are sacred". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  5. ^ The Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs at Georgetown University: Religious Freedom in Jordan [2]
  6. ^ الطائفة البهائية تتقدم بطلب اعتراف من الداخلية
  7. ^ Reports on Religious Freedom: Jordan (2000)

See also[edit]