Religion in Korea
Religion in Korea encompasses a number of different traditions. The indigenous religion of Korea and of the Korean people is Korean shamanism. Korean Buddhism had flourished in past centuries of the history of Korea, but was suppressed throughout the Joseon era, which supported Korean Confucianism as a state religion. Christianity was promoted by the ruling and intellectual class in the final decades of the Joseon state, in the late 19th century, while the Confucian social structure was rapidly crumbling.
- Religion in South Korea has been characterised by a rise of Christianity and a revival of Buddhism. After having being suppressed for decades, Korean shamanism has survived and shamans continue to perform their rites.
- Religion in North Korea is characterised by a state atheism in which public religious practices are prohibited. At the same time, the government shows support for Cheondoism, a form of Korean indigenous religion.
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- Grayson, 2002. pp. 120-138
- Grayson, 2002. pp. 155-158
- Lee, 1996. p. 110