Religion in Northern Cyprus

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Religion in Northern Cyprus

  Islam (99%)
  Orthodox Christianity (0.5%)
  Smaller Christians groups, Other religions and Others (0.5%)

Islam[edit]

Muslims make up about 99% of the Northern Cypriot population.

Islam was first introduced to Cyprus when Uthman, the third Caliph of the Arab Rashidun Empire, conquered the island in 649. Cyprus remained a disputed territory between the Greeks and Arabs for the following centuries, until it passed to Latin authority during the Crusades. The island was conquered by the Ottoman general Lala Mustafa Pasha from the Venetians in 1570. This conquest brought with it Turkish settlement from 1571 until 1878. During the 17th century especially, the Muslim population of the island grew rapidly, partly because of Turkish immigrants but also due to Greek converts to Islam.

Turkish Cypriots are the overwhelming majority of the island's Muslims, along with Turkish settlers from Turkey and adhere to the Sunni branch of Islam. Sufism also plays an important role. Historically, Muslims were spread over the whole of Cyprus, but since 1974 they have lived primarily in the north. The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community itself has a presence in north. [1]

Several important Islamic shrines and landmarks exist on the island including:

All of the listed, apart from the Hala Sultan Tekke, are in Northern Cyprus.

Christianity[edit]

Locations of the remaining predominantly Orthodox Greek Cypriots and Catholic Maronite Cypriots in Northern Cyprus.

Orthodoxy[edit]

Orthodox Christians in Northern Cyprus make up 0.5% of the population. The Greek Cypriots are members of the Autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of Cyprus (Church of Cyprus). In addition to the Orthodox Christian and Sunni Muslim communities, there is also small Maronite (Eastern Rites Catholic) community.

In Northern Cyprus are the historical churches of Notre Dame de Tyre in Nicosia (1308) and Ganchvor in Famagusta (1346).

Maronite Church[edit]

Main article: Maronites in Cyprus

Out of 209,286 Cypriots 1,131 were Maronites in 1891. The Maronites were 2,752 in 1960, in four villages all situated in currently Northern Cyprus. The origin of the Maronite Church is Lebanon.

The others[edit]

Turkish Cypriot Protestants and Anglicans are a very small community. The leader and Pastor of the community is Kemal Başaran.[1] The vast majority are Anglican and use Anglican churches in the Kyrenia area along with the island's British expatriate community.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MEMBERS OF THE AHMADIYYA MUSLIM COMMUNITY DR MUHAMMED JALAL SHAMS, OSMAN SEKER, KUBILAY ÇIL: PRISONERS OF CONSCIENCE FOR THEIR RELIGIOUS BELIEFS". Amnesty International. June 5, 2002. Retrieved June 10, 2014. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Library of Congress Country Studies.

External links[edit]