Religion in Trinidad and Tobago

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Religion in Trinidad and Tobago (2011 census)[1]
Religion Percent
Christianity
  
63.4%
Hinduism
  
18.1%
Islam
  
5.0%
None/Not stated
  
13.3%

Trinidad and Tobago is a multi-religious nation. The largest religious groups are the Roman Catholics and Hindus; the Anglicans, Muslims, Presbyterians, Methodist are among the smaller faiths. Two Afro-Caribbean syncretic faiths, the Shouter or Spiritual Baptists and the Orisha faith (formerly called Shangos, a less than complimentary term) are among the fastest growing religious groups. The fastest growing groups are a host of American-style evangelical and fundamentalist churches usually lumped as "Pentecostal" by most Trinidadians (although this designation is often inaccurate). The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has also expanded its presence in the country since the mid-1980s.

According to the 2011 Census, 21.5% of the population was Roman Catholic, 33.4% Protestant (including 5.7% Anglican, 12.0% Pentecostal, 4.1% Seventh-day Adventist, 3.0% Presbyterian or Congregational, 1.2% Baptist, and .1% Methodist), 18.1% Hindu, and 5.0% Muslim. A small number of individuals subscribed to traditional Caribbean religions with African roots, such as the Spiritual Baptists(sometimes called Shouter Baptists), 5.7 percent; and the Orisha, 0.1 percent. The smaller groups were Jehovah's Witnesses (1.5 percent) and unaffiliated (2.2 percent). There are also a small, but active, Buddhist and Jewish communities on the island.[2]

Christian denominations[edit]

Coat of arms of the Anglican diocese of Trinidad.

Afro-Caribbean syncretic groups[edit]

  • Spiritual Baptist
    • National Evangelical Spiritual Baptist
    • West Indies Spiritual Sacred Order
    • Royal Priesthood Spiritual Baptist Archdiocese of Trinidad and Tobago and the Western Hemisphere (under the Leadership of the Archbishop & Founder Addelon Braveboy, the Episkopos Bishop of all the Churches

of the Royal Priesthood.

  • King of Kings Spiritual Baptist, Faith Ministries International Church of the Royal Priesthood
  • Solomon Healing Temple, Church of the Royal Priesthood.
  • St Francis Divine Healing Temple, Church of the Royal Priesthood
  • St Philomena Mystical Court, Church of the Royal Priesthood
    • Ojubo Orisa Omolu - Ose'tura Ifa Temple of Light.
  • Santería
  • Rastafari movement
  • Nation of Islam

Hindu groups[edit]

The Hanuman Temple at Carapichaima, near Chaguanas.

Muslim groups[edit]

Masjid in Montrose, Chaguanas.

Jewish groups[edit]

  • [1] Trinidad & Tobago once had a flourishing Jewish community, but the numbers have dwindled down to approximately 55 to 100 persons. The community is largely religiously unaffiliated and consists of many prominent Trinidadians.
  • [2] : official website of the Jewish community of Trinidad & Tobago

Baha'i Faith[edit]

The Bahá'í Faith in Trinidad and Tobago begins with a mention by `Abdu'l-Bahá, then head of the religion, in 1916 as the Caribbean was among the places Bahá'ís should take the religion to.[3] The first Bahá'í to visit came in 1927[4] while pioneers arrived by 1956[5] and the first Bahá'í Local Spiritual Assembly was elected in 1957[6] In 1971 the first Bahá'í National Spiritual Assembly was elected.[7] A count of the community then noted 27 assemblies with Bahá'ís living in 77 locations.[8] Since then Bahá'ís have participated in several projects for the benefit of the wider community and in 2005/10 various sources report near 1.2% of the country,[9] about 10[10]–16,000[11] citizens, are Bahá'ís.

Government subventions[edit]

The Government of Trinidad and Tobago provides substantial subventions to religious groups. In 2003 [3] the government provided TT$ 420,750 to religious groups.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2011 National census. cso.gov.tt
  2. ^ 2011 census
  3. ^ Abbas, `Abdu'l-Bahá; Mirza Ahmad Sohrab, trans. and comments (April 1919). Tablets, Instructions and Words of Explanation. 
  4. ^ Universal House of Justice (1986). "In Memoriam". The Bahá'í World of the Bahá'í Era 136-140 (1979-1983). XVIII (Bahá'í World Centre). pp. 733–736. ISBN 0-85398-234-1. 
  5. ^ "The Guardian's Message to the Forty-Eighth Annual Baha'i Convention". Bahá'í News (303): p. 1–2. May 1956. 
  6. ^ "First Local Spiritual Assembly…". Bahá'í News (321): p. 8. November 1957. 
  7. ^ "A Year of Progress in Trinidad". Bahá'í News (480): p. 8–9. March 1971. 
  8. ^ "Outstanding Achievements, Goals". Bahá'í News (484): p. 3. July 1971. 
  9. ^ "International > Regions > Caribbean > Trinidad and Tobago > Religious Adherents". thearda.com. thearda.com. 2010. Retrieved 2013-06-13. 
  10. ^ "The History of the Bahá'í Faith in Trinidad and Tobago". The National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahai´s of Trinidad and Tobago. 2010. Retrieved June 8, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Most Baha'i Nations (2005)". thearda.com. thearda.com. 2005. Retrieved 2008-12-04.