||This article is written like a personal reflection or opinion essay rather than an encyclopedic description of the subject. (December 2007)|
|Part of the Politics series|
|Basic forms of
Religious democracy is a form of government where the values of a particular religion have an effect on the laws and rules, often when most of the population is a member of the religion.
Democracy where coincides with certain things, it can be secular or religious. But what occurs is coincidence, and not unity. Relativistic liberalism and democracy are not identical. According to some[who?], democracy is not violated when a faith is embraced; it is violated when a particular belief is imposed or disbelief is punished.
- From the Secularism point of view, the ideals of a democratic society and a secular state are unified. Therefore the firm principle of separation of religion and state is implicit such that without this separation there can be no freedom from tyranny. Absolute sovereignty of the people dominates in this idea. Religion should be set aside from the working of government in order to establish democracy and freedom.
- From the Legalism point of view, democracy can never enjoy a general acceptance in a religious society. Anything outside of the rigid, but pervasive, interpretation of the religious texts is rejected and the absolute sovereignty of God prevails such that there is no role for the sovereignty of people. The less freedom a society enjoys, the stronger religion will be.
Historical democracies with state sponsored religious laws:
- Athenian democracy (Ancient Greek religion)
- Roman Republic (Ancient Roman religion)
- Buddhist ganarajyas
- Icelandic Commonwealth (Norse paganism, after AD 1000 Christianity)
- Old Swiss Confederacy (Christianity)
Contemporary democracies with state religions:
Contemporary states with state religions that claim to be democratic but are not recognised as such by the international community:
- Basic Laws of Israel
- Christian democracy
- Clash of Civilizations
- Dialogue Among Civilizations
- Institute on Religion and Democracy
- Islamic democracy