Religulous

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Religulous
Religulous poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Larry Charles
Produced by Bill Maher
Jonah Smith
Palmer West
Written by Bill Maher
Starring Bill Maher
Cinematography Anthony Hardwick
Edited by Jeff Groth
Christian Kinnard
Jeffrey M. Werner
Production
  company
Thousand Words
Distributed by Lionsgate
Release date(s)
  • September 6, 2008 (2008-09-06) (TIFF)
  • October 1, 2008 (2008-10-01) (limited)
Running time 101 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $2,500,000[1]
Box office $13,136,074[1]

Religulous /rɨˈlɪʉləs/ is a 2008 American documentary film written by and starring comedian Bill Maher and directed by Larry Charles.

The title of the film is a portmanteau derived from the words "religion" and "ridiculous". The documentary examines and mocks religion and religious belief.[2]

Contents[edit]

A range of views on various world religions is explored as Bill Maher travels to numerous religious destinations including Jerusalem, the Vatican, and Salt Lake City, interviewing believers from a variety of backgrounds and groups. These include a former member of Jews for Jesus, Christians, Muslims, former Mormons,[3] and Hasidic Jews.[4][5][6] Maher travels to Speakers' Corner in Hyde Park, London, where he "preaches" Scientology beliefs.[7][8]

Maher also takes a tour around Creation Museum and the Holy Land Experience.

Production[edit]

Maher said he used a fake title "A Spiritual Journey" for the film to obtain interviews.[9] Creationist Ken Ham of the non-profit group Answers in Genesis, who appeared in the film,[10] was critical of what he called Maher's "deception" to obtain the interview.[11][12][13]

The documentary was produced by Thousand Words and distributed by Lions Gate Entertainment. Originally slated for an international release date coinciding with the Christian Easter holiday 2008 (March 23), post-production delays resulting from a screenwriters guild strike pushed the release date back.[14] The film was eventually released on October 3, 2008.[15]

Box office[edit]

Religulous had an opening weekend take of $3.5 million from an early October 1 release in Los Angeles and New York City and also a limited 502-theater release, averaging $6,972 per theater. As a result, the film was ranked at #10 at the box office that weekend. Its per-screen receipts were almost three times those of a competing film to which it has been compared in the media, the politically conservative An American Carol,[16][17][18][19] which edged out Religulous to finish at #9 over the same weekend, but had a per theater average of only $2,325.[20][21] Only the #1 movie, Beverly Hills Chihuahua, at $9,020, had a higher per-screen average than Religulous.[22][23]

For the second weekend, Religulous had a 35.5% drop in box office receipts and dropped to #13 with a gross of $2,200,000 at 568 theaters for a per screen average of $3,873.[24]

Religulous grossed over $13 million after having a production budget of $2.5 million. As of 2012, it's 15th among the highest grossing documentaries in the US[25] and was the highest grossing documentary of 2008.[26]

Reception[edit]

Reviews for Religulous were generally positive. The film received a rating of 70% from Rotten Tomatoes based on 149 reviews,[27] and a score of 56 out of 100 at Metacritic based on 31 reviews.[28] Film critic Roger Ebert gave the film a rating of three and a half out of four stars, and wrote: "I report faithfully that I laughed frequently. You may very well hate it, but at least you've been informed. Perhaps you could enjoy the material about other religions, and tune out when yours is being discussed. That's only human nature."[29]

Robert W. Butler of The Kansas City Star gave the film a rating of three stars, and commented: "The film is one-sided, less a measured argument than a bunch of rants and barbed observations. But it’s also very funny, which trumps everything else."[30] Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly gave the film a rating of A-, and wrote: "The movie is funny as...well, hell."[31] The Canadian Press said the movie "delivers a laugh-out-loud attack on the most sacred of cows."[32] Christie Lemire, of the Associated Press, wrote: "If you're an atheist or an agnostic, you'll be completely on board and happy to tag along with Maher as he travels the globe asking people about their faith — everywhere from Jerusalem to the Vatican to Amsterdam, where he finds not only the Cannabis Ministry but also a Muslim gay bar (with two people in it)."[33] John Anderson of Newsday wrote: "much that's funny, insightful and thought-provoking. But it certainly doesn't give the religious a lot of slack."[34]

The documentary received some negative reviews, with Rick McGinnis of Metro concluding that, "Maher is preaching to the choir with an undisguised dishonesty that only the true believers will forgive."[35] James Berardinelli wrote, "If the subject of religion is as important to Maher as he claims during his end comments, then he should have followed those words with actions and made a movie that's more than a sum of inauthentic interviews, ranting attacks, and obvious observations. The choir may hum along with Maher but the rest of those watching this movie will be singing the blues."[36] Nick Schager of Slant Magazine called it an "atheistic wannabe-dissection of modern faith."[37]

In a review for The New York Times, Stephen Holden notes that when Maher "turns from evangelical Christianity to Judaism and Islam, its tone becomes uncertain and its rhythm choppy".[38] Sam Greenspan argues that "Jewish people seemed to get handled with kid gloves" by Maher.[39] Muslims however, are portrayed as relentlessly anti-Semitic.

In his review Stephen Holden also wrote that "the movie has the same loose, on-the-road structure" as Larry Charles' previous film Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan and commented: "Much of Mr. Maher’s film is extremely funny in a similarly irreverent, offhanded way."[40] Claudia Puig of USA Today wrote: "those with a taste for irreverent humor and clear-eyed analysis will find it funny, enlightening and disturbing."[41] Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter characterized the film as "An often hilarious but relentlessly shallow attack on religious fundamentalism by humorist Bill Maher".[42] Louis Peitzman of the San Francisco Bay Guardian wrote that "It doesn't even matter that he goes out of his way to be offensive, as he's consistently funny enough to pull it off."[43] Scott Indrisek wrote at Style.com that: "Religulous earns many of its laughs from skillful editing, with Maher's interviews jazzed up by video clips".[44] Ben Kenigsberg of Time Out New York gave the film a rating of three out of six stars, and wrote: "The worst scenes in Religulous are appalling for their methods; the best are appalling for their information."[45]

The 3rd Annual Independent Investigative Group IIG Awards presented an award to Religulous recognizing the promotion of science and critical thinking in popular media on May 18, 2009.[46]

Christ myth theory[edit]

In the movie, during a debate with a Christian, Maher repeats a version of Christ myth theory derived from Gerald Massey's 1907 thesis that the myth of the Egyptian deity Horus was the source of the story of Jesus.[47] Specifically, he claims that Egyptian Book of the Dead says that Horus was born to a virgin, baptized by "Anup the Baptizer" who was later beheaded. He was tempted in the desert, cast out demons, walked on water, had twelve disciples, and was crucified and resurrected after three days.

Following the publication of Tom Harpur's The Pagan Christ in 2004, Christian theologian W. Ward Gasque composed an e-mail to twenty Egyptologists whom he considered leaders of the field,[48] including Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Liverpool Kenneth Kitchen, and Professor of Egyptology at the University of Toronto Ron Leprohan. The e-mail detailed the comparisons originated by Massey, combined with other speculations derived from Alvin Boyd Kuhn by Maher's source, Christ Myth theorist Tom Harpur. Ten out of twenty responded. Those who responded unanimously dismissed the proposed etymologies for "Jesus" and "Christ", and one unspecified Egyptologist referred to Kuhn's comparison as "fringe nonsense."[49] However, Professor emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Basel Erik Hornung has also made the parallels between Christianity and ancient Egypt, [50] and Professor emeritus of theology at the University of Copenhagen Thomas L. Thompson concludes that accounts of Jesus were mythical in nature and based on earlier literature from Egypt among other countries.[51]

DVD release[edit]

Lions Gate Entertainment released the film on DVD February 17, 2009.[52] Special features on the DVD include a commentary with Bill Maher and director Larry Charles, deleted scenes, and extended Bill Maher monologues from around the world that were either edited down or not included in the film at all.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Religulous - Box Office Data, Movie News, Cast Information". The Numbers (Nash Information Services). 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  2. ^ King, Larry (2008-08-20). "Bill Maher Discusses Religulous on Larry King". Larry King Live (CNN). 
  3. ^ Means, Sean (2008-10-02). "Review: Maher takes on religion but sounds like he's preaching to the agnostic choir". Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  4. ^ Schaefer, Stephen (2008-09-29). "Bill Maher takes politically incorrect look at faith in ‘Religulous’". the edge (Boston Herald). Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  5. ^ Powers, Thom. "Religulous: A Conversation with Bill Maher and Larry Charles". Toronto International Film Festival Group. Retrieved 2007-09-10. 
  6. ^ Hemingway, Mollie Ziegler (2008-09-18). "Look Who's Irrational Now". The Wall Street Journal (Les Hinton). Retrieved 2008-10-01. 
  7. ^ Moore, Roger (2009-10-01). "Movie review: 'Religulous' -- 4 out of 5 stars". The Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2008-10-01.  4/5 stars
  8. ^ Slotek, Jim (2008-10-03). "Anti-religion film not risky enough". CANOE - JAM! Movies (Canoe). Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  9. ^ Goldstein, Patrick (2008-08-07). "Bill Maher hates your (fill in the blank) religion". The Big Picture (Los Angeles Times). Retrieved 2008-10-01. 
  10. ^ Cusey, Rebecca (2008-10-01). "Maher takes on religion, but some interviewees cry foul". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved 2008-09-31. 
  11. ^ Ham, Ken (2007-02-07). "HBO’s Bill Maher and the plot to deceive AiG". Answers in Genesis. Retrieved 2008-10-04. 
  12. ^ Lovan, Dylan T. (2007-02-11). "Creationism leader not laughing at comedian's visit". Tuscaloosa News. Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  13. ^ Ham, Ken (2014-03-31). "Does Bill Maher Really Want Answers?". Answers in Genesis. Retrieved 2014-04-03. 
  14. ^ Sciretta, Peter (2007-08-18). "Bill Maher’s Religion Documentary aims for Easter Release Date". /Film (www.slashfilm.com). Retrieved 2007-09-10. 
  15. ^ Miller, Winter (2008-05-11). "'Religulous' shifted to October". Variety (Reed Business Information). Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  16. ^ Phillips, Michael (2008-10-03). "For the right wing, 'An American Carol'". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  17. ^ by STEVEN D. GREYDANUS, Register Correspondent. "Religulous vs. American Carol". NCRegister. Retrieved 2014-05-10. 
  18. ^ http://www.news10.net/life/entertainment/story.aspx?storyid=48910&catid=54
  19. ^ "EDGE: Partisanship at the theaters". Washington Times. 2008-10-10. Retrieved 2014-05-10. 
  20. ^ Germain, David (2008-10-06). "Audiences adopt 'Chihuahua' with $29M weekend". Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-10-09. [dead link]
  21. ^ McClintock, Pamela; Tatiana Siegel (2008-10-06). "Political season hits its peak". Variety (Reed Business Information). Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  22. ^ "Box Office Mojo Weekend Box Office October 3–5, 2008". Box Office Mojo (Box Office Mojo). 2008-10-06. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  23. ^ "Political films can't compete with real thing". Reuters. 2008-10-14. 
  24. ^ "October 10–12, 2008 Weekend". Box Office Mojo (Box Office Mojo,). 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-16. 
  25. ^ "Documentary Movies at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2014-05-10. 
  26. ^ "Religulous (2008)". Box Office Mojo (Box Office Mojo). 2008-10-19. Retrieved 2008-10-16. 
  27. ^ "Religulous". Rotten Tomatoes (IGN). 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-04. [dead link]
  28. ^ "Religulous - Lionsgate". Metacritic (CNET). 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-04. 
  29. ^ Ebert, Roger (2008-10-02). "Religulous". Chicago Sun-Times (rogerebert.com). Retrieved 2008-10-02.  3.5/4 stars
  30. ^ Butler, Robert W. (2008-10-02). "‘Religulous’". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved 2008-10-02. [dead link] 3/4 stars
  31. ^ Gleiberman, Owen (2008-10-01). "Religulous (2008)". Entertainment Weekly (Entertainment Weekly and Time). Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  32. ^ "Bill Maher travels the globe challenging religious belief in 'Religulous'". The Canadian Press. 2008-09-20. Retrieved 2008-05-14. [dead link]
  33. ^ Lemire, Christie (2008-09-29). "Maher preaches to choir with religion film". The Salt Lake Tribune (MediaNews Group). Retrieved 2008-10-01. 
  34. ^ Anderson, John (2008-09-28). "Bill Maher questions religion, God in 'Religulous'". Newsday (Newsday). Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  35. ^ McGinnis, Rick (2008-10-03). "Religulous (film review)". Metro. Retrieved 2008-10-06.  2/5 stars
  36. ^ Berardinelli, James (2008). "Religulous - A movie review by James Berardinelli". ReelViews Movie Review (www.reelviews.net). Retrieved 2008-10-01. 
  37. ^ Schager, Nick (2008-09-20). "Slant Magazine Film Review: Religulous". Slant Magazine (www.slantmagazine.com). Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  38. ^ Holden, Stephen (2008-10-01). "Believers, Skeptics and a Pool of Sitting Ducks", New York Times. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
  39. ^ Greenspan, Sam (2008-10-13). "11 Points Review of Religulous". Retrieved 2013-01-28.
  40. ^ Holden, Stephen (2008-10-01). "Believers, Skeptics and a Pool of Sitting Ducks". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 2008-10-01. 
  41. ^ Puig, Claudia (2008-09-30). "'Religulous' mirthfully heaps scorn on the faithful". USA Today. Retrieved 2008-10-01. 
  42. ^ Honeycutt, Kirk (2008-09-04). "Film Review: Religulous". The Hollywood Reporter (Nielsen Business Media). Retrieved 2008-10-01. [dead link]
  43. ^ Peitzman, Louis (2008-09-30). "Film listings". San Francisco Bay Guardian. Retrieved 2008-10-01. 
  44. ^ Indrisek, Scott (2008-09-30). "Maher's Believe It or Not". CondéNet. Retrieved 2008-10-01. 
  45. ^ Kenigsberg, Ben (2008-10-02). "Religulous (2008)". Time Out New York (Time Out Group). Retrieved 2008-10-02.  3/6 stars
  46. ^ "IIG | The IIG Awards". Iigwest.com. 2010-08-21. Retrieved 2011-07-01. 
  47. ^ Massey, Gerald (1907). Ancient Egypt, the light of the world. London: T. Fisher Unwin. pp. 728–914. ISBN 978-1-4588-1251-3. 
  48. ^ Gasque, W. Ward. "The Leading Religion Writer in Canada ... Does He Know What He's Talking About?". history News Network. George Mason University. Retrieved 2014-03-01. "Not being myself an expert in Egyptian religion, I consulted those who are about their views of contribution that Kuhn, Higgins and Massey have made to Egyptology and whether they thought some of the key ideas of The Pagan Christ well grounded. So I sent an email to twenty leading Egyptologists — in Canada, USA, UK, Australia, Germany, and Austria." 
  49. ^ by W. Ward Gasque. "History News Network | The Leading Religion Writer in Canada ... Does He Know What He's Talking About?". Hnn.us. Retrieved 2014-05-10. 
  50. ^ Water Into Wine: An Empowering Vision of the Gospels Tom Harpur, Thomas Allen Press, 2007 ISBN 0-88762-277-1
  51. ^ The Messiah Myth: The Near Eastern Roots of Jesus and David, Thomas L. Thompson (2007 Basic Book Perseus Books)
  52. ^ "Religulous DVD / Home Video". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 28, 2009. 

External links[edit]