Reliquary Crown of Henry II

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The so-called crown of Henry II at the Treasury of Munich Residenz

The so-called Crown of St. Henry II is a reliquary crown, which belonged to the reliquary of the emperor at the Cathedral of Bamberg. After the process of German Mediatisation the Kingdom of Bavaria came into possession of Bamberg and took the crown to the treasury of Munich Residenz, where it still can be seen today. This lily crown consists of six plates which are joined together by hinges fixed with pins. Each of the plates carries a large fleur-de-lis. The pins are surmounted by praying angels standing on acanthus leaves. Four of the segments and all fleur-de-lis are adorned with precious stones while two carry antique cameos. The decoration of the frame with foliage work seems to be of later date than the frame.Due to fitting slots at the front and back segment it is possible to add an imperial arch and cross to the frame. One theory states that the crown was made for the reliquary in the 14th century but it may also be a crown of Frederick II. which came into the possession of Bamberg cathedral via Henry VII and Louis the Bavarian.[1]


  1. ^ Lord Twining, Edward Francis: European Regalia, B.T. Batsford Ltd. London, 1967. p 39.

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