Remedello culture

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Chalcolithic
Eneolithic, Aeneolithic
Copper Age
Stone Age
Neolithic

Near East

Naqada culture Uruk period, Halaf culture

Europe

Pit Grave culture, Corded Ware
Cernavodă culture, Decea Mureşului culture, Gorneşti culture, Gumelniţa–Karanovo culture, Petreşti culture, Usatovo culture
Remedello culture, Gaudo culture

India

Ahar-Banas culture, Jorwe

China

Mesoamerica

Metallurgy, Wheel,
Domestication of the horse,

Bronze Age

The Remedello culture (Italian Cultura di Remedello) developed during the Copper Age (3rd millennium BC) in Northern Italy, particularly in the area of the Po valley. The name comes from the town of Remedello (Brescia) where several burials were discovered in the late 19th century.[1]

The Remedello culture is associated in the traditional historiography with the first identified wave of Indo-European peoples who entered in Italy and took over the Po Valley.[2]

First excavations[edit]

The first burials were discovered in the winter of 1884, the excavations were initiated by Gaetano Chierici, but, as a result of the low temperatures, he fell ill and died. The excavations continued under the direction of Giovanni Bandieri, who moved the relics to the Museum of Reggio Emilia.[3]

The burials[edit]

The Copper Age graves contained a single body in a crouching or supine position with the head facing north-west.[3]

The male set was represented by arrows, stone daggers and polished stone axes, among the tombs few are those with axes and daggers or ornaments made of copper.[3]

The female burials are accompanied by ceramic vessels or (in rare occasions) ornaments. The graves of children contained simple kits of flint stone.[3]

Among the found items noteworthy is the presence of extremely accurate works in flint stone as axes and other weapons, objects in copper and arsenical silver (arms, pins, pectorals, bracelets), all of them characterized by decorative elements of eastern origin.[1]

Chronology[edit]

Although most of the discovered tombs date to the Chalcolithic, burials from the Bronze Age and the Iron Age have also been recovered.

The Remedello culture has been recently periodized by scholars into two distinct historical periods both dating back to the Copper Age.[3]

Remedello I : 3400 [4] / 3200 BC - 2800 BC, or ancient Copper Age stage;

Remedello II: 2900 [4] / 2800 BC - 2400 BC, or full Copper Age stage.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b ""Cultura di Remedello" su MSN Encarta". Retrieved 2009-10-06. 
  2. ^ Remedello culture map
  3. ^ a b c d e ""Sepolcreto di Remedello Sotto (Bs)" su Musei Civici di Romagna". Retrieved 2009-10-06. 
  4. ^ a b "Atti della XXXI riunione scientifica IIPP "La Valle d’Aosta nel quadro della preistoria e protostoria dell’arco alpino centro-occidentale" su "Istituto Italiano di Preistoria e Protostoria"". Retrieved 2009-10-06. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]