Remploy is an organisation owned by the Department for Work and Pensions in the United Kingdom which provides employment placement services for disabled people. It seeks to be a major welfare-to-work provider, delivering a range of contracts and employment programmes, for people with substantial barriers to work. In the last[specify] 5 years it has found 100,000 jobs for disabled people.
Historically, it has also directly employed disabled people in a number of factories, owned by Remploy itself, and subsidised by the government, though this was phased out at the start of the 21st century, under the prevailing view that the disabled should have mainstream jobs, rather than being patronised by institutionalisation.
Employment advice and support services
In the later years of the Blair ministry, at the start of the 21st century, Remploy underwent a major change to its operation, and branched out into providing general employment assistance for disabled people, and others with barriers to employment. After the closure of most Remploy factories, the provision of these assistance services became Remploy's principal purpose.
In 2006, Remploy Employment Services opened its first high street branch in Newhall Street, Birmingham, since that date a further forty branches and thirty offices have opened from Glasgow to Plymouth, often in the same general location as their former factory sites. The five-year project to develop Remploy as a high street brand has allowed the business to support its vision of assisting over 10,000 disabled customers into mainstream employment, a target achieved in the financial year of 2009-10.
In March 2010, Remploy went mobile, two thirty-foot mobile 'jobs mobiles' were rolled out in the High Peaks and South Yorkshire to support the FND programme, the mobile units have provided support to disabled customers in the most hard to reach geographical areas where access to public transport is limited.
In 2009/10 Remploy placed over 10,500 people into jobs across a range of sectors. In 2009 Remploy was selected as a prime- and sub-contractor to deliver the then Government's Flexible New Deal contract, which aimed to help the long term unemployed back into work. After the change in government, a year later, it became a sub contractor in the Coalition Government's Work Programme.
Enterprise business and factories
Remploy was originally established under the terms of the Disabled Persons (Employment) Act 1944, to directly employ disabled persons in specialised factories. It opened its first factory in Bridgend, Wales, in 1946. Over the following decades it established a network of 83 factories across the UK making a wide variety of products. These were organised into a number of sub-businesses, such as Remploy e-cycle, which dealt with the safe disposal and re-cycling of electrical appliances.
In the late 20th century it also moved into service businesses, such as monitoring CCTV images.
To further subsidise Remploy businesses, the government made regulations, in 2006, stating that every public body should reserve at least one contract for supported businesses (those where over 50% of employees are disabled); in this way, public bodies could fulfil corporate social responsibility objectives. These Public Contracts Regulations (specifically, Regulation 7) restrict the tendering process for goods or services to supported businesses 
In 2007 Remploy management announced proposals to close 42 Remploy factories, later reduced to 28 after heated debates at TUC and Labour conferences, with then Work and Pensions minister, Peter Hain, requiring proposed factory closures to have ministerial approval. 29 factories were eventually closed in 2008.
In December 2010, the Coalition government commissioned a review of the government's special employment programmes for the disabled. The review was carried out by Liz Sayce, the head of RADAR, the largest disability campaigning organisation in the country, and was published in early 2012. The Review concluded that there would be inevitably people who don't benefit from whatever the government does, but the best use of government money would be to concentrate on getting disabled people into mainstream work, rather than subsidising disabled-only factories.
The Coalition government announced that it would generally accept the report, and consequently would withdraw its subsidy to Remploy factories. This led to Remploy's proposing to immediately close the 36 least financially viable factories, among its 54 remaining factories, potentially making 1,700 workers redundant.
Thirty-three factories were eventually closed in 2012, with the loss of 1,752 jobs. Of these, one - Bristol - was the subject of a viable bid (from The Rehab Group), but the bidder subsequently withdrew. An additional factory, among the 36 that had been threatened with immediate closure, was sold to Nationwide Filters Company Ltd; the factory, based in Barrow-in-Furness, had manufactured air filters.
The future of the remaining 20 sites remained unclear, but in December 2012 ministers said some would close, while others might become independent businesses without Government-funded support. The fate of these 20 remaining sites were as follows:
|Healthcare||Chesterfield and Springburn||Sold to R Link Ltd, trading as R Healthcare, who closed the Springburn factory shortly afterwards||20 December 2012|
|Automotive Textiles||Huddersfield||Closed - no viable bids||30 April 2013|
|Frontline Textiles||Dundee, Stirling and Clydebank||Closed - no viable bids||4 July 2013|
|Marine Textiles||Leven and Cowdenbeath||Closed - no viable bids||4 July 2013|
|Packaging||Burnley, Norwich, Portsmouth and Sunderland||Closed - no viable bids||4 July 2013|
|Furniture||Blackburn, Neath (Port Talbot) and Sheffield||Closed - viable potential buyer (Metalliform Holdings Ltd) withdrew from process||28 August 2013|
|e-Cycle||Porth and Heywood||Sold to E-Cycle Ltd, a management buyout||16 September 2013|
|Automotive||Coventry, Birmingham and Derby||Sold to Rempower Ltd, a member of Arlington Industries Group||16 December 2013|
In addition, the Cook with Care business, based in Liverpool, was spun off into a Social Enterprise. Also the CCTV image monitoring business was sold to Enigma CCTV Ltd, a subsidiary of Enigma Security Solutions Ltd, on 17 December 2013.
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- "Cruise control". Guardian. 3 December 2008. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- "Public Procurement, England and Wales : The Public Contracts Regulations 2006". Opsi.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
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- "Remploy plans reopen row over factory closures". Guardian. 12 November 2007. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
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