René Lacoste

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
René Lacoste
René Lacoste.jpg
Country  France
Born (1904-07-02)2 July 1904
Paris, France
Died 12 October 1996(1996-10-12) (aged 92)
Saint-Jean-de-Luz, France
Retired 1932
Plays Right-handed (one-handed backhand)
Int. Tennis HOF 1976 (member page)
Singles
Highest ranking No. 1 (1926, A. Wallis Myers)
Grand Slam Singles results
French Open W (1925, 1927, 1929)
Wimbledon W (1925, 1928)
US Open W (1926, 1927)
Other tournaments
Olympic Games QF (1924)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
French Open W (1925, 1929)
Wimbledon W (1925)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
US Open F (1926, 1927)
Team competitions
Davis Cup W (1927, 1928)
Olympic medal record
Men's Tennis
Bronze medal – third place 1924 Paris Doubles

Jean René Lacoste (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɑ̃ ʁəne laˈkɔst]; 2 July 1904 - 12 October 1996) was a French tennis player and businessman. He was nicknamed "the Crocodile" by fans because of his tenacity on the court; he is also known worldwide as the creator of the Lacoste tennis shirt, which he introduced in 1929.

Lacoste was one of The Four Musketeers with Jean Borotra, Jacques Brugnon, and Henri Cochet, French tennis stars who dominated the game in the 1920s and early 1930s. He won seven Grand Slam singles titles at the French, American, and British championships and was an eminent baseline player and tactician of the pre-war period. As member of the French Davis Cup team he won the Davis Cup in 1927 and 1928. Lacoste was the World No. 1 player for both 1926 and 1927.[1]

Tennis career[edit]

Lacoste in 1922

Lacoste started playing tennis at age 15 when he accompanied his father on a trip to England.[1][2]

Lacoste's first participation in a Grand Slam tournament was the 1922 Wimbledon Championships in which he lost in the first round to Pat O'Hara Wood. The following year, 1923, he reached the fourth round at Wimbledon to be narrowly defeated by Cecil Campbell and competed for the first time in the U.S. Championships.

His breakthrough came in was 1925 when he won the singles title at the French Championships and at Wimbledon, in both cases after a victory in the final against compatriot Jean Borotra. The following year, 1926, Lacoste lost his French title after a straight-sets defeat in the final to Henri Cochet and did not compete at Wimbledon but in September he won the U.S. National Championships title against Borotra. He was ranked No.1 for 1926 by A. Wallis Myers, tennis correspondent of The Daily Telegraph.

In 1927, dubbed 'The finest year in tennis history' by E. Digby Baltzell, Lacoste was part of the French team that captured the Davis Cup from the United States, ending the latter's 6-year title run. The final was played at the Germantown Cricket Club in Philadelphia and Lacoste won both his singles matches against Bill Johnston and Bill Tilden.[3][4] He played Tilden in two Grand Slam tournament finals that year and won both of them. At the French Championships he was victorious in five sets while at the U.S. National Championships he defended his title and denied Tilden his seventh U.S. title by winning in straight sets, although he survived setpoints in the first and third set and was down a break in the second.[5] At Wimbledon Lacoste lost a five-set semifinal to Borotra.[6] For the second successive year he was ranked No.1.

In 1928 Lacoste lost his French title after a four-set loss in the final against Cochet. He took revenge by beating Cochet in the final of the Wimbledon Championships after having defeated Tilden in a five-set semifinal. The Challenge Round of the 1928 Davis Cup against the United States was played at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris on 27–29 July. The stadium was specifically constructed to host France's first defense of the Davis Cup.[7] Lacoste lost the first rubber in a five-set match to Tilden but France won the remaining rubbers to defeat the challengers 4–1 and retain the cup. Lacoste did not participate in the 1928 U.S. Championships.

Between 1923 and 1928 Lacoste played 51 Davis Cup matches for France in 26 ties and compiled a record of 32–8 in singles and 8–3 in doubles.

The only major championship he played in 1929 was the French and he won his seventh, and last, Grand Slam singles title after a tight five-set final against Jean Borotra.[8] Failing health, including respiratory disease, led to his withdrawal from competitive tennis in 1929 although he would make a brief comeback at the 1932 French Championships where he defeated reigning Wimbledon champion Sidney Wood in the third round but lost in the fourth to Harry Lee.[9][10] He was the non-playing captain of the French Davis Cup team in 1932 and 1933.

The Four Musketeers were inducted simultaneously into the International Tennis Hall of Fame, in Newport, Rhode Island, in 1976. In his 1979 autobiography, Jack Kramer, the long-time tennis promoter and great player himself, included Lacoste in his list of the 21 greatest players of all time.[a]

In 1928 Lacoste authored a book titled 'Lacoste on Tennis' .[2][11]

There are numerous explanations of why Lacoste was originally nicknamed the Crocodile. A 2006 New York Times obituary about Lacoste's son, Bernard, provides an apparently authoritative one. In the 1920s, supposedly, Lacoste made a bet with his team captain about whether he would win a certain match. The stakes were a suitcase he had seen in a Boston store; it was made of crocodile (or alligator) skin. Later, René Lacoste's friend Robert George embroidered a crocodile onto a blazer that Lacoste wore for his matches.[12]

Lacoste (right) with Otto Froitzheim.

Playing style[edit]

Lacoste was primarily a baseline player who relied on control, accuracy, and deeply-placed groundstrokes to put pressure on his opponents. In addition he possessed an excellent passing shot and backhand slice. Nicknamed the 'Tennis Machine' for his methodical game and ability to avoid errors he was known as a devoted and hard-working player rather than a player with a great amount of natural talent.[13][8] His style was a complete contrast to that of his fellow Musketeer Henri Cochet.[5] Lacoste was a studious tactician who meticulously analysed his opponents and kept detailed notes on their strengths and weaknesses.[1][5]

Business career[edit]

In 1933, Lacoste founded La Société Chemise Lacoste with André Gillier. The company produced the tennis shirt, also known as polo shirt, which Lacoste often wore when he was playing, which had a crocodile (often thought to be an alligator) embroidered on the chest. In 1963 his son Bernard took over the management of the company.

In 1961, Lacoste created an innovation in racquet technology by unveiling and patenting the first tubular steel tennis racquet.[9] Until then, racquets had almost always been made of wood. This new racquet's strings were attached to the frame by a series of wires, which wrapped around the racquet head. The racquet was more resilient and allowed the ball to be hit with more power. The racquet was marketed in Europe under the Lacoste brand, but in the United States it was marketed by Wilson Sporting Goods. Pierre Darmon debuted the racquet at Wimbledon in 1963 but it achieved critical acclaim and huge popularity as the Wilson T-2000, used by American tennis greats Billie Jean King and Jimmy Connors.[9]

The week of his death, French Advertising agency Publicis, who had been managing the account for decades, published a print ad with the Lacoste logo and the English words "See you later...", reinforcing the idea that the animal was perhaps an alligator.

Personal life[edit]

On 30 June 1930 he married the famous golfing champion, Simone de la Chaume.[14] Their daughter Catherine Lacoste was a champion golfer.

Grand Slam finals[edit]

Singles: 10 (7 titles, 3 runners-up)[edit]

Result Year Tournament Opponent in final Score in final
Runner-up 1924 Wimbledon France Jean Borotra 1–6, 6–3, 1–6, 6–3, 4–6
Winner 1925 French Championships France Jean Borotra 7–5, 6–1, 6–4
Winner 1925 Wimbledon France Jean Borotra 6–3, 6–3, 4–6, 8–6
Runner-up 1926 French Championships France Henri Cochet 2–6, 4–6, 3–6
Winner 1926 US National Championships France Jean Borotra 6–4, 6–0, 6–4
Winner 1927 French Championships United States Bill Tilden 6–4, 4–6, 5–7, 6–3, 11–9
Winner 1927 US National Championships United States Bill Tilden 11–9, 6–3, 11–9
Runner-up 1928 French Championships France Henri Cochet 7–5, 3–6, 1–6, 3–6
Winner 1928 Wimbledon France Henri Cochet 6–1, 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
Winner 1929 French Championships France Jean Borotra 6–3, 2–6, 6–0, 2–6, 8–6

Doubles: 4 (3 titles, 1 runners-up)[edit]

Result Year Tournament Partner Opponents in final Score
Winner 1925 French Championships France Jean Borotra France Jacques Brugnon
France Henri Cochet
7–5, 4–6, 6–3, 2–6, 6–3
Winner 1925 Wimbledon France Jean Borotra United States John Hennessey
United States Raymond Casey
6–4, 11–9, 4–6, 1–6, 6–3
Runner-up 1927 French Championships France Jean Borotra France Jacques Brugnon
France Henri Cochet
6–2, 2–6, 0–6, 6–1, 4–6
Winner 1929 French Championships France Jean Borotra France Jacques Brugnon
France Henri Cochet
6–3, 3–6, 6–3, 3–6, 8–6

Mixed doubles: 2 (0 titles, 2 runners-up)[edit]

Result Year Tournament Partner Opponents in final Score
Runner-up 1926 US Championships United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman United States Elizabeth Ryan
France Jean Borotra
4–6, 5–7
Runner-up 1927 US Championships United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman United Kingdom Eileen Bennett
France Henri Cochet
2–6, 6–0, 3–6

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline[edit]

Tournament 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 Career SR
Australian Championships A A A A A A A A A A A 0 / 0
French Championships1 A A NH W F W F W A A 4R 3 / 6
Wimbledon 1R 4R F W A SF W A A A A 2 / 6
U.S. Championships A 2R QF QF W W A A A A A 2 / 5
SR 0 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 2 2 / 3 1 / 2 2 / 3 1 / 2 1 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 1 7 / 17

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Writing in 1979, Kramer considered the best player ever to have been either Don Budge (for consistent play) or Ellsworth Vines (at the height of his game). The next four best were, chronologically, Bill Tilden, Fred Perry, Bobby Riggs, and Pancho Gonzales. After these six came the "second echelon" of Rod Laver, Lew Hoad, Ken Rosewall, Gottfried von Cramm, Ted Schroeder, Jack Crawford, Pancho Segura, Frank Sedgman, Tony Trabert, John Newcombe, Arthur Ashe, Stan Smith, Björn Borg, and Jimmy Connors. He felt unable to rank Henri Cochet and René Lacoste accurately but felt they were among the very best.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Bud Collins (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis (2nd ed.). [New York]: New Chapter Press. pp. 598, 599. ISBN 978-0942257700. 
  2. ^ a b Robin Finn (14 October 1996). "Rene Lacoste Dies at 92; Gave Fashion the Alligator". The New York Times. 
  3. ^ "Davis Cup – 1927 Results". ITF. Retrieved 30 June 2012. 
  4. ^ David J. Walsh (11 September 1927). "Two 'Bills' Fall Before French Tennis Stars". The Miami News. pp. 1, 11. 
  5. ^ a b c Robertson, Max (1974). The Encyclopedia of Tennis. London: Allen & Unwin. pp. 168–169, 276. ISBN 9780047960420. 
  6. ^ "Borotra beats Lacoste.". Kalgoorlie Miner (WA : 1895 - 1950) (WA: National Library of Australia). 2 July 1927. p. 5. Retrieved 1 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "History of the Stadium". www.rolandgarros.com. Fédération française de tennis (FFT). 
  8. ^ a b William Shirer (4 June 1929). "Lacoste beats Borotra; Takes 3d French title". Chicago Tribune. p. 29. 
  9. ^ a b c Tom Sweetman (11 September 2014). "Rene Lacoste: The lasting legacy of 'Le Crocodile'". CNN. 
  10. ^ Davidson, Owen (1970). Lawn Tennis – The Great Ones. London: Pelham Books. pp. 34–38. ISBN 9780720703801. OCLC 99470. 
  11. ^ "Lacoste on tennis". Worldcat. 
  12. ^ "Obituary: Bernard Lacoste, James Freedman". The New York Times. 23 March 2006. 
  13. ^ Quist, Adrian (1984). Tennis : The Greats 1920–1960. Sydney: ABC Enterprises and William Collins. p. 38. ISBN 9780642527202. OCLC 50097790. 
  14. ^ "Rene Lacoste, French Tennis Champion, to Take Golf Star As His Bride at Noon Monday". The Evening Independent. 13 June 1930. pp. 4–A. 

External links[edit]