January 15, 1928 |
Camaret-sur-Mer, Finistère, France
|Known for||Afrique 50|
René Vautier (born 15 January 1928) is a French film director. His films addressed many issues, such as the Algerian War, French colonialism in Africa, pollution, racism, women's rights, and apartheid in South Africa.
He was born on 15 January 1928 in Camaret-sur-Mer, Finistère, France, the son of a factory worker and a teacher. He received the Croix de guerre and the Order of the Nation from Charles de Gaulle for militant activity during the French Resistance. In 1948, he graduated from the Institut des hautes études cinématographiques.
Vautier made his first film, Afrique 50, in 1950, when he was 21. He was assigned to visit French West Africa and make an educational film. He was appalled by the conditions he witnessed, including lack of doctors and crimes committed by the French Army. The resulting film was confiscated by police because of a decree by Pierre Laval, but Vautier managed to recover enough footage to publish the film in 1950. Hailed as the first anti-colonial French film, he was indicted thirteen times and sentenced to a year in prison. It was banned for over forty years.
He worked with Louis Malle to make Humain, trop humain in 1973, a film about conditions in a Citroën car plant. Vautier directed Peuple en marche, which gives the history of the National Liberation Army and the Algerian War, in 1963. Another Algerian War film, Avoir 20 ans dans les Aurès (1972), won the International Federation of Film Critics Award at the 1972 Cannes Film Festival. He made over 180 films, many of them destroyed by the French government. Several of Vautier's other films were presented at Cannes, including Mourir pour des images, Comment on devient un ennemi de l'intérieur, Les trois cousins, and Vacances tunisiennes. In January 1973, he went on hunger strike to protest film censorship. He received the Order of the Ermine in 2000.
|This section requires expansion. (January 2013)|
- Afrique 50 (1956)
- Algérie en flames (1958)
- Peuple en marche (1963)
- Le Glas (1964)
- Les trois cousins (1970)
- Avoir 20 ans dans les Aurès (1972)
- Humain, trop humain (1973)
- Le Garrec, Félix (31 March 2003). "René Vautier" (in German). arte.tv. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- "The Militant Image: Films by René Vautier". Inivia. 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- Brenez, Nicole (2012). "René Vautier: devoirs, droits et passion des images" (in French). La Furiaumana. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- Sayed, Yousef (29 March 2012). "René Vautier - Wide Angle". Little White Lies. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- "Entretien: René Vautier, cinéaste résistant (1/2)". Alternavive Libertaire (in French). June 2004. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- "Afrique 50". Afrika 30. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- "René Vautier". International Film Festival Rotterdam. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- "Peuple en marche". Fondo Filmico. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- "Avoir 20 ans dans les Aurès". Fondo Filmico. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- Schwartz, Arnaud (11 October 2012). "René Vautier, cinéaste: " Le sens à donner aux images ne pouvait être que le combat "". La Croix (Venice). Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- "Rene VAUTIER" (in French). Cannes Film Festival. Retrieved 2 January 2013.