Renal vein thrombosis
|Renal vein thrombosis|
|Classification and external resources|
The anterior surfaces of the kidneys, showing the areas of contact of neighboring viscera.
The primary cause of RVT is dehydration or nephrotic syndrome. Membranous Glomerulonephropathy is most commonly associated with RVT, followed by Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis.
Secondary causes of RVT are trauma, extrinsic compression (Lymph node, tumor, aortic aneurysm), Invasive Renal Cell Carcinoma, Pregnancy and Oral Contraceptive usage.
CT angiography can be used in diagnosis.
Surgery to remove the clot is possible, but rarely performed.
Anticoagulation therapy can have some benefits.
See also 
- Asghar M, Ahmed K, Shah SS, Siddique MK, Dasgupta P, Khan MS (2007). "Renal vein thrombosis". European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery 34 (2): 217–23. doi:10.1016/j.ejvs.2007.02.017. PMID 17543556.
- Zigman A, Yazbeck S, Emil S, Nguyen L (2000). "Renal vein thrombosis: a 10-year review". J. Pediatr. Surg. 35 (11): 1540–2. doi:10.1053/jpsu.2000.18302. PMID 11083418.
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