American Athletic Conference
|American Athletic Conference
|Established||May 31, 1979[note 1]|
|Division||Division I FBS|
|Members||14 (11 Full, 3 Associate)
15 (11 Full, 4 Associate; in 2015)
|Sports fielded||21 (men's: 10; women's: 11)|
|Former names||Big East (1979–2013)[note 2]|
|Headquarters||Providence, Rhode Island|
|Commissioner||Michael Aresco (since 2013)|
The American Athletic Conference (The American) is an American collegiate athletic conference, featuring fourteen member universities that compete in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's (NCAA) Division I, with its football teams competing in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), the highest levels for athletic competition in U.S. collegiate sports. Member universities represent a range of well-regarded private and public universities of various enrollment sizes located primarily in urban metropolitan areas in the Northeastern, Midwestern, Western, and Southern regions of the United States.
The American was considered one of the six collegiate power conferences of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS).[note 3] With the advent of the College Football Playoff in 2014, The American will become a part of the "Group of Five" conferences, which share automatic access to one spot in the six premier bowl games.[note 4] The American, however, remains a power conference in men's basketball, and is home to the reigning national champions.
Founded in 1979, the league underwent substantial turmoil during the 2010–13 NCAA conference realignment period, and is one of two successors to the all-sports Big East Conference (1979–2013). While the other successor, which does not sponsor football, purchased the Big East Conference name, the American Athletic Conference inherited the old Big East's structure and is that conference's legal successor. However, both conferences claim 1979 as their founding date, and the same history up to 2013. The American is headquartered in Providence, Rhode Island, and led by Commissioner Michael Aresco.
- 1 History
- 2 Member universities
- 3 Sports
- 4 Football
- 5 Men's basketball
- 6 Women's basketball
- 7 Facilities
- 8 Academics
- 9 Media
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The original Big East
The original Big East Conference was founded in 1979 as a basketball conference and included the colleges of Providence, St. John's, Georgetown, and Syracuse, which in turn invited Connecticut (UConn), Holy Cross, Rutgers, and Boston College to be members. UConn and Boston College would accept the invitation, while Holy Cross soon thereafter declined the invitation, and Rutgers eventually declined and remained in the Atlantic 10 Conference (then known as the Eastern 8 Conference). Seton Hall was then invited as a replacement, and the conference started play with seven members.
The conference remained largely unchanged until 1991, when it began to sponsor football, adding Miami as a full member, and Rutgers, Temple, Virginia Tech, and West Virginia as football-only members. Rutgers and West Virginia upgraded to full Big East membership in 1995, while Virginia Tech did the same in 2000. Temple football was kicked out after the 2004 season, but rejoined in 2012 and intended to become a full Big East member in 2013.
The unusual structure of the Big East, with the "football" and "non-football" schools, led to instability in the conference. The waves of defection and replacement brought about by the conference realignments of 2005 and 2010–13 revealed tension between the football-sponsoring and non-football schools that eventually led to the split of the conference in 2013.
Realignment and reorganization
The conference was reorganized following the tumultuous period of realignment that hobbled the Big East between 2010 and 2013. The Big East was one of the most severely impacted conferences during the most recent conference realignment period. In all, 14 member schools announced their departure for other conferences, and 15 other schools announced plans to join the conference (eight as all-sports members, and four for football only). Three of the latter group later backed out of their plans to join (one for all sports, and the other two for football only). Most notably, seven schools — the Catholic 7 — announced in December 2012 that they would leave as a group, later forming the New Big East.
On December 15, 2012, the Big East's seven remaining non-FBS schools, all Catholic institutions — DePaul, Georgetown, Marquette, Providence, St. John's, Seton Hall, and Villanova – announced that they voted unanimously to leave the Big East Conference, effective June 30, 2015. The "Catholic 7", by leaving, were looking for a more lucrative television deal than the one they would receive by remaining with the football schools. In March 2013, representatives of the Catholic 7 announced they would leave the conference effective June 30, 2013, retaining the Big East name, $10 million, and the right to hold the conference's basketball tournament at Madison Square Garden.
Following the announcement of the departure of the Catholic 7 universities, the remaining ten football-playing members started the process of selecting a new name for the conference and choosing a new site to hold its basketball tournament. Various names were considered, with the "America 12" conference reportedly one of the finalists until rejected by college presidents sensitive of adding a number to the end of the conference name. On April 3, 2013, the conference announced that it had chosen a new name: The American Athletic Conference. The league also revealed that it prefers the nickname "The American"; it was thought "AAC" would cause too much confusion with the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC).
Louisville and Rutgers spent one season in the renamed conference. On July 1, 2014, Louisville joined the ACC and Rutgers joined the Big Ten Conference. On that same day, East Carolina, Tulane, and Tulsa joined The American for all sports, while Sacramento State and San Diego State joined as associate members for women's rowing. Navy will join as an associate member in football on July 1, 2015.
The conference currently has eleven full member institutions and three associate members in ten states, including California, Connecticut, Florida, Louisiana, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Texas. In 2015, the conference will include fifteen universities in eleven states; the geographic domain of the conference will stretch from California to Connecticut (west to east) and from Connecticut to Florida (north to south).
|University of Central Florida||Orlando, Florida
|1963||2013||Public (SUSF)||59,770||Knights||Black & Gold
|University of Cincinnati||Cincinnati, Ohio
|1819||2005||Public (USO)||42,656||Bearcats||Red & Black
|University of Connecticut||Storrs, Connecticut
|1881||1979[note 5]||Public||30,474||Huskies||Navy Blue, White, Red, & Grey
|East Carolina University||Greenville, North Carolina
|1907||2014||Public (UNC)||27,511||Pirates||Purple & Gold
|University of Houston||Houston, Texas
|1927||2013||Public (UHS)||40,747||Cougars||Red, Blue, & Silver
|University of Memphis||Memphis, Tennessee
|1912||2013||Public (TBR)||21,480||Tigers||Blue, Gray
|University of South Florida||Tampa, Florida
|1956||2005||Public (SUSF)||47,646||Bulls||Green & Gold
|Southern Methodist University||University Park, Texas
|1911||2013||Private (Methodist)||12,000||Mustangs||Red & Blue
|Temple University||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
|1884||1991, 2012[note 6]||Public (CSHE)||37,619||Owls||Cherry, Black, & White
|Tulane University||New Orleans, Louisiana
|1834||2014||Private||13,462||Green Wave||Tulane Green & Tulane Blue
|University of Tulsa||Tulsa, Oklahoma
|1894||2014||Private (Presbyterian)||4,352||Golden Hurricane||Royal Blue, Old Gold, & Crimson
|California State University, Sacramento||Sacramento, California
|1947||2014||Public (CSU)||28,811||Hornets||Rowing||Big Sky|
|San Diego State University||San Diego, California
|1897||2014||Public (CSU)||29,392||Aztecs||Rowing||Mountain West|
|Villanova University||Villanova, Pennsylvania
|1842||1980[note 7]||Private (Catholic)||10,482||Wildcats||Rowing||Big East|
Future associate member
The Naval Academy (known athletically as "Navy") will join in 2015 as a football-only member, bringing the conference's football-playing schools up to 12.
|United States Naval Academy||Annapolis, Maryland
Two members have departed from the conference.
|Rutgers University||New Brunswick, New Jersey
|1766||1991[note 8]||2014||Public (RU)||38,912||Scarlet Knights||Big Ten|
|University of Louisville||Louisville, Kentucky
The American sponsors championship competition in ten men's and eleven women's NCAA sanctioned sports. Sacramento State, San Diego State University, and Villanova University are associate members for women's rowing. Conference members who sponsor women's lacrosse and field hockey compete as associate members of the Big East.
Under NCAA rules reflecting the large number of male scholarship participants in football and attempting to address gender equity concerns (see also Title IX), each member institution is required to provide more women's varsity sports than men's.[note 9]
|Swimming & Diving||
|Track and Field (Indoor)||
|Track and Field (Outdoor)||
Men's sponsored sports by school
|Tennis||Track & Field
|Track & Field
Men's varsity sports not sponsored by The American which are played by conference schools:
|School||Ice hockey||Rifle[note 11]||Rowing[note 12]|
Women's sponsored sports by school
|Tennis||Track & Field
|Track & Field
|San Diego State||1|
Women's varsity sports not sponsored by The American which are played by conference schools:
|School||Bowling||Fencing||Field Hockey||Equestrian||Gymnastics||Ice hockey||Lacrosse||Rifle[note 11]||Sailing||Sand Volleyball|
|Connecticut||Big East||Hockey East||Big East|
|Temple||NIWFA||Big East||Independent||Big East|
The conference began football during the 1991–92 season, and was a founding member of the Bowl Championship Series. The American teams play eight conference games a season. Conference opponents operate on a two-year cycle, as a home-and-home series. The conference does not have enough teams to form divisions, but will in 2015 when Navy joins the conference.[note 13] When Navy joins in 2015 and divisions are created, Navy will be placed in the West division along with Houston, Memphis, SMU, Tulane, and Tulsa. The division winners will then meet in the American Athletic Conference Football Championship Game, which will be played at the home site of the higher ranked team.
|West Division||East Division|
Like the conference itself, football experienced much transition through its history – in fact it was the main force behind such departures and expansion. In 2003, the BCS announced that it would adjust the automatic bids granted to its six founding conferences based on results from 2004–07. With the addition of Cincinnati, Louisville, and South Florida in 2005, the conference retained its BCS automatic-qualifying status. In 2007, South Florida rose to No. 2 in the BCS rankings, but finished No. 21 in the final poll. Cincinnati finished the 2009 regular season undefeated at 12–0, and ranked No. 3 in the final BCS standings, barely missing the opportunity to play for the BCS National Championship. The conference was 9–7 (.563) in BCS bowl games, the third highest winning percentage amongst the AQ conferences.
All-time school records by winning percentage
This list goes through the 2013 American Athletic Conference football season.
|No.||Team||Overall Record||Win Pct.||Conference Record||First Year||The American Championships||National Championships|
|Year||Champions||Conference||Overall||AP||Coaches'||Bowl result||Head coach|
|2013||UCF||8–0||12–1||#10||#12||W Fiesta Bowl 52–42 vs. Baylor||George O'Leary|
The American has many rivalries among its member schools, primarily in football. Some rivalries existed before the conference was established or began play in football. Recent conference realignment in 2005 and 2013 ended – or temporarily halted – many rivalries. Before their departure to other conferences, a number of former member schools held longtime rivalries within the conference.
Some of the rivalries between The American schools include:
|Game||Trophy||Team||Team||First Year||Final Year|
|East Carolina–UCF rivalry||East Carolina||UCF||1991|
|Navy–Southern Methodist rivalry||Gansz Trophy||Navy||SMU||1930|
|South Florida–UCF rivalry||South Florida||UCF||2005|
Following the 2013 season, the BCS era came to a close. With the birth of the College Football Playoff, The American lost its automatic qualifying status for one of the major bowls. Under the playoff, four teams will play in two semifinal games, with the winners advancing to the new College Football Championship Game. Six bowl games — the Rose Bowl, Sugar Bowl, Orange Bowl, Cotton Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, and Peach Bowl — will rotate as hosts for the semifinal games, and host major bowls when they do not host semifinal games (access bowls). One automatic qualifying spot is reserved for the highest ranked team from the "Group of Five" conferences - The American, Conference USA, the Mid-American Conference, Mountain West Conference, and Sun Belt Conference.
Although the pick order usually corresponds to the conference standings, the bowls are not required to make their choices strictly according to the won-lost records; many factors influence bowl selections, especially the likely turnout of the team's fans. Picks are made after any applicable College Football Playoff selections. If a team is selected for the one of the access bowls or playoff, the bowl with the No. 2 pick will have the first pick of the remaining teams in the conference.
|2014–19||Cotton, Peach, Fiesta, or Playoff[note 14]||Dallas, Atlanta, Glendale, or Playoff Site||CFP At-Large|
|2014–19||Birmingham Bowl||Birmingham, Alabama||SEC|
|2014–19||Bitcoin St. Petersburg Bowl||St. Petersburg, Florida||ACC or C-USA|
|2014–19||Miami Beach Bowl||Miami, Florida||BYU (2014), C-USA, MAC, or Sun Belt|
|2014–19||Military Bowl||Annapolis, Maryland||ACC|
|2014/16/17/19||Armed Forces Bowl||Fort Worth, Texas||Big 12 or Army|
|2016/18||Bahamas Bowl||Nassau, Bahamas||MAC or C-USA|
|2015–19||Cure Bowl||Orlando, Florida||Sun Belt|
|2015/17/19||Hawaiʻi Bowl||Honolulu, Hawaii||MWC|
|2015/16/17/19||Boca Raton Bowl||Boca Raton, Florida||MAC or C-USA|
|2018/19||New Orleans Bowl||New Orleans, Louisiana||MAC or Sun Belt|
|2014–19||Liberty, Duck Commander Independence, and Poinsettia Bowls||Memphis, Shreveport, or San Diego||ACC or SEC (Backup Agreement)|
Head football coach compensation
The total pay of head coaches includes university and non-university compensation. This includes base salary, income from contracts, foundation supplements, bonuses and media and radio pay.
|Conference Rank||University||Head Coach||Salary|
|1||University of Cincinnati||Tuberville, TommyTommy Tuberville||$3,200,000|
|2||Southern Methodist University||Jones, JuneJune Jones||$2,100,000|
|3||University of Central Florida||O'Leary, GeorgeGeorge O'Leary||$2,000,000|
|4||University of South Florida||Taggart, WillieWillie Taggart||$2,000,000|
|5||University of Connecticut||Diaco, BobBob Diaco||$1,500,000|
|6||Temple University||Rhule, MattMatt Rhule||$1,300,000|
|7||East Carolina University||McNeill, RuffinRuffin McNeill||$1,250,000|
|8||Tulane University||Johnson, CurtisCurtis Johnson||$1,200,000|
|9||University of Houston||Levine, TonyTony Levine||$1,000,000|
|10||University of Memphis||Fuente, JustinJustin Fuente||$975,000|
|11||University of Tulsa||Blankenship, BillBill Blankenship||$700,000|
Conference individual honors
Coaches and media of The American award individual honors at the end of each football season.
In June 2013, it was announced that the inaugural men's basketball tournament will take place at FedExForum in Memphis. FedExForum had previously hosted eight Conference USA basketball tournaments.
Even though the Big East Conference was meant to be a basketball-oriented conference, the 2014 NCAA Men's Basketball Championship (the first after the conferences split) was won by UConn, a member of the American.
All-time school records by winning percentage
This list goes through the 2013–14 season.
|No.||Team||Records||Win Pct.||The American
|The American Regular
|Final Fours||National Championships|
|2013–14||Louisville||31–6 (15–3)||#5||#9||NCAA Sweet Sixteen||Louisville||31–6||#5||#9||NCAA Sweet Sixteen|
|Cincinnati||27–7 (15–3)||#15||#22||NCAA Second Round|
- Connecticut, after being eliminated form the Conference Championship Tournament, went on to become the National Champions after beating the University of Kentucky 60 - 54 in the 2014 Men's NCAA Basketball Championships
In June 2013, it was announced that the inaugural women's basketball tournament will take place at the Mohegan Sun in Connecticut. Women's basketball teams have played a total of eighteen times in the NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship (since 1982), with UConn winning nine national championships under head coach Geno Auriema since 1995. Women's national championship tournaments prior to 1982 were run by the AIAW.
All-time school records by winning percentage
This list goes through the 2013–14 season.
|No.||Team||Records||Win Pct.||The American
|The American Regular
|Final Fours||National Championships|
|2013–14||Connecticut||40–0 (18–0)||#1||#1||NCAA Champion||Connecticut||40–0||#1||#1||NCAA Champion|
- The institution highlighted in gray will join the conference on July 1, 2015.
One of the current member schools, Tulane University, is a member of the Association of American Universities (AAU), an organization of 62 leading research universities in the United States and Canada. Six members are doctorate-granting universities with "very high research activity," the highest classification given by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Member schools are also highly ranked nationally and globally by various groups, including U.S. News & World Report, Washington Monthly, and Times Higher Education.
- ESPN on ABC broadcasts select football games.
- CBS broadcasts to 12 appearances for men's and women's basketball games.
- CBS Sports Network broadcasts football, men's and women's basketball
- ESPN broadcasts football, men's and women's basketball, baseball, and other sports across its networks (ESPN, ESPN2, ESPN3, and ESPNU). ESPN broadcasts the men's and women's basketball tournament, the baseball championship game, the championship game for select olympic sports, and will broadcast the football championship game beginning in 2015.
- American Digital Network broadcasts most conference events, otherwise not televised.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to American Athletic Conference.|
- The American is the legal all-sports successor to the Big East Conference (1979–2013). The Big East was rebranded and reorganized as the American Athletic Conference on July 1, 2013.
- The American is the legal successor to the Big East Conference (1979–2013) and retains its charter. The current Big East Conference purchased the “Big East” name during the 2013 conference breakup.
- The American inherited the Big East's automatic berth to a BCS game for the 2013 season.
- The other conferences in the "Group of Five" are Conference USA (C-USA), the Mid-American Conference (MAC), the Mountain West Conference, and the Sun Belt Conference.
- Connecticut's football program did not join the conference until 2004.
- Temple was not a Big East football member between the 2005 and 2011 seasons, most of this time being spent in the Mid-American Conference. Temple joined as a football only member in 2012, and as an all-sports member in 2013.
- Villanova joined the conference in 1980 but left as part of the 2013 conference breakup. As women's rowing is not a Big East sport, Villanova will participate in the American for the sport.
- Rutgers joined the conference in 1991 as a football only member, and joined in all-sports in 1995.
- Under NCAA Bylaw 20.9.4, all Division I schools are required to sponsor a minimum of seven men's and seven women's sports, or six men's and eight women's sports. Bylaw 220.127.116.11 imposes the latter requirement on FBS schools. FCS schools, under Bylaw 18.104.22.168, may use either requirement. Note that this does not explicitly require that a school sponsor two more women's sports than men's sports. See "2012–13 NCAA Division I Manual". NCAA. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- Navy will be joining The American as an associate member in football only beginning on July 1, 2015. It will continue to field its other sports in the NCAA Division I Patriot League.
- Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other.
- The only category of rowing that the NCAA governs is women's heavyweight rowing. All men's rowing is governed by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association.
- The NCAA currently requires 12 teams for a conference to conduct divisional play and stage a championship game.
- If The American's champion is the highest ranked from among the "Group of Five" conferences, it will receive a bid to either the Cotton Bowl, the Peach Bowl, or the Fiesta Bowl. If the team is ranked in the top four at the end of the regular season, it will take part in the College Football Playoff.
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