Renata of Lorraine

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Renata of Lorraine
Duchess of Bavaria
Portret van Renata van Lotharingen, hertogin van Beieren, Johann Sadeler (I), 1588 - 1595.jpg
William V, Duke of Bavaria and his wife, Renata of Lorraine
Spouse William V, Duke of Bavaria
Father Francis I, Duke of Lorraine
Mother Christina of Denmark
Born (1544-04-20)20 April 1544
Died 22 May 1602(1602-05-22) (aged 58)

Renata of Lorraine (20 April 1544 – 22 May 1602) was Duchess of Bavaria from 1568 to 1597.

Renata was born in Nancy, France, the daughter of Francis I, Duke of Lorraine and Christina of Denmark. Her maternal grandparents were Christian II of Denmark and Isabella of Burgundy. She married William V, Duke of Bavaria, on 22 February 1568, in a large ceremony in Munich, which was described in detail by Massimo Troiano in his Dialoghi (1569).


In the early 1560s, king Eric XIV of Sweden (1533–77, reigned 1560–68), a Lutheran, hoped to marry her and sent a deputation to propose her. Eric had several unsuccessful royal marriage plans at different times, but ultimately married his low-born mistress Karin Månsdotter. As to Renata, Eric's desire was mostly based on her being the granddaughter of king Christian II of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, and thus one of heirs of that deposed monarch.

Renata died in Munich, aged 58. Her direct descendant Josephine of Leuchtenberg married one of Eric's successors, the future king Oscar I of Sweden and Norway in 1823. Renata's descent ascended the Swedish and Norwegian thrones in 1859 in person of Charles XV of Sweden and Norway and the Danish throne in person of Christian X of Denmark in 1912. All current monarchs of the three Scandinavian countries are Renata's direct blood descendants. Among her other numerous notable descendants are Franz Josef of Austria and Maximilian I of Mexico.


Renata of Lorraine
Born: 20 April 1544 Died: 22 May 1602
Preceded by
Anna of Austria
Duchess of Bavaria
Succeeded by
Elisabeth of Lorraine