|This article does not cite any references or sources. (July 2012)|
|Birth name||Renato Manfredini, Jr.|
March 27, 1960|
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Died||October 11, 1996
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Genres||Post-punk, alternative rock, folk rock, punk rock|
|Occupations||Singer-songwriter, lyricist, musician|
|Instruments||Vocals, bass guitar, guitar, keyboards|
|Associated acts||Legião Urbana,
Renato Russo (born Renato Manfredini, Jr., March 27, 1960 – October 11, 1996) was a Brazilian singer and songwriter. His first band was a punk rock band called "Aborto Elétrico" (Electric Abortion). The band then broke up and split in two different ones: "Capital Inicial" and "Legião Urbana". He was the formal founder and leader of Legião Urbana.
Renato Manfredini Jr. was born in Rio de Janeiro. He started his studies at an early age, at Colégio Olavo Billac. During this period he wrote an excellent essay named "Old house, in ruins". His father was an executive at Banco do Brasil, and the family moved to Forest Hills, Queens, New York in 1967, when he was assigned a job position in the city. Renato and his family returned later to Rio de Janeiro and moved in with his uncle Sávio. As an 18-years-old, he admitted to his mother to being bisexual. And in 1988 he made it public by writing the song "Meninos e Meninas" ("Boys n' Girls") with the chorus stating, in English, "I like St. Paulo, I like St. João, I like St. Francisco and St. Sebastião, and I like boys and girls."
In 1973, his family moved from Rio de Janeiro to Brasília, moving to the "Asa Sul" district. In 1975, aged 15, Renato went through one of the hardest phases of his life when he was diagnosed as suffering from epiphysiolysis, a bone disease. He underwent surgery and had three platinum pins implanted in his pelvis. He suffered greatly throughout his convalescence, being confined to bed for 6 months, almost immobile. While he was under treatment, he did little more than listening to music, collecting an extensive and varied album collection. In an interview, Renato stated that this period was crucial in shaping his musical ear.
Musical career 
During the years of 1978 and 1979, he was the bass player of punk rock band Aborto Elétrico (Electric Abortion) which lasted 4 years, from 1978 to 1982, but broke up due to constant arguing between Fê Lemos, the drummer, and Renato. Although the band did not last long, during this period Renato Russo wrote many songs that would later become hits of Capital Inicial (founded by the remaining members of Aborto Elétrico) and Legião Urbana (founded by Renato Russo).
After the end of Aborto Elétrico, Renato began a solo career as the "Trovador Solitário" (Lonely Minstrel). This period only lasted a few months, as in 1982, he joined Marcelo Bonfá (the drummer of the band Dado e o Reino Animal), Eduardo Paraná (guitar player, known as Kadu Lambach) and Paulo Guimarães (keyboard player, known as Paulo Paulista) to form Legião Urbana. Renato was the lead vocal and bass player. Their main influences were the post punk bands of the time, especially Robert Smith from The Cure and Morrissey from The Smiths.
After the first few concerts, Eduardo Paraná and Paulo Paulista left the band. Dado Villa-Lobos then took over the guitars, creating the classic line-up of the band. The band also had Renato Rocha as a bass player from 1984 to 1989.
Leading Legião Urbana, Renato Russo reached the peak of his career as a musician, being recognized as the most important songwriter of Brazilian rock, securing a cult status within his fanbase.
He used to write long songs. "Faroeste Caboclo" for instance lasts 9:05, "Clarisse" is 10:33 long and "Metal Contra as Nuvens" is 11:29 minutes. The song "Fátima" was written in ten minutes. He recorded two solo albums, with both English and Italian songs, in the 1990s.
Renato Russo died on October 11, 1996, at 01:15 a.m., weighing only 45 kilograms (99.2 pounds), due to complications caused by AIDS (he had been HIV-positive since 1989, but never revealed it publicly). He left a son, Giuliano Manfredini, at the time only 7 years old. His body was cremated and the ashes were spread on Roberto Burle Marx's garden.
On October 22, 1996, eleven days after his death, Dado and Bonfá announced the end of Legião Urbana. The bands estimated sales in Brazil during Renato's life amounted to roughly 20 million albums. More than a decade after his death, sales of his albums are still considerable.
- The Stonewall Celebration Concert (1994)
- Equilibrio Distante (1995)
- O Último Solo (1997)
- Presente (2003)
- Série Bis: Renato Russo - Duplo (2000)
- Série Para Sempre: Renato Russo (2001)
- Série Identidade: Renato Russo (2002)
- O Talento de Renato Russo (2004)
- O Trovador Solitário (2008)
- Renato Russo: Duetos (2010)