Renault 19

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Renault 19
Renault 19 Utrecht with cones.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Renault
Also called Renault Energy (Colombia, Venezuela)
Production 1988–1996
1993-2000 (Argentina, Turkey)
Assembly Douai, France
Maubeuge, France
Vilvoorde, Belgium
Valladolid, Spain
Palencia, Spain
Setúbal, Portugal
Bursa, Turkey
Envigado, Colombia
Mariara, Venezuela
Santa Isabel, Argentina
Taichung, Taiwan
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro
Body and chassis
Class Small family car
Body style 3/5-door hatchback
4-door saloon ("Chamade")
2-door convertible
Layout FF layout
Related Renault Mégane I
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L C2G I4
1.2 L E7F I4
1.4 L C2J I4
1.4 L E6J I4
1.6 L C2L/C3L
1.7 L F2N/F3N I4
1.8 L F2P/F3P I4
1.8 L F7P DOHC 16-valve I4
1.9 L F8Q diesel/TD I4
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100.0 in)
Length Hatchback: 4,156 mm (163.6 in)
Chamade: 4,248 mm (167.2 in)
Width 1,694 mm (66.7 in)
Height 1,412 mm (55.6 in)
Curb weight 886 kg (1,953 lb)–1,175 kg (2,590 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Renault 9 / Renault 11
Successor Renault Mégane I

The Renault 19 is a small family car that was produced by the French car manufacturer Renault between 1988 and 1996. In Turkey and in Argentina, production continued until 2000. The internal development code for the 19 was X53, with the five-door receiving the B53 chassis code, the three-door being the C53, the Chamade the L53, and the Cabriolet the D53.[1]

Overview[edit]

Phase 1 hatchback
Phase 2 hatchback

The R19 was presented in June 1988,[2] with sales in the domestic French market beginning in September 1988.[3] It was the replacement for the 9 and 11, both of which were ageing and outdated by the late 1980s. The R19 was styled by Giorgetto Giugiaro, featuring Renault's new E-type (or "Energy") 1.4 L engine and F-type 1.7 L versions. Base models originally used the OHV C-type Cléon 1.2 and 1.4 L engines, depending on the market. While originally only available with an atmospheric diesel engine, a turbocharged version appeared in early 1992.[4]

Intended to be Renault's last numeric-named car, the 19 ushered in a new naming policy, with the saloon versions of the 19 being known as the 19 Chamade to distinguish them from the hatchbacks. The sedan first appeared for the 1990 model year.[2] In many markets the Chamade badge was dropped following the 1992 facelift, with some replacing it with the "Europa" tag. In 1991 a convertible bodystyle built by Karmann was first shown; a very few of these were built with the phase I design.

Although the R19's exterior design (which was relatively conservative, like that of the Renault 9/11) received a muted response, it was praised for its interior comfort and handling.[citation needed]

For the fuel injected top versions a four-speed automatic transmission became available in the fall of 1990. Lesser versions still made do with four or five-speed manuals or a three-speed automatic.[2]

A convertible version appeared in early 1992, only available with the two most powerful engine options.[5]

In the summer of 1992, a revamped model was introduced with a substantially restyled front and rear, while LHD market versions received a new dashboard and interior — RHD models retained the original design. With the facelift, smaller "Energy"-series units gradually replaced the old pushrod items, and 1.8 litre engines appeared at the top of the lineup where they replaced the more powerful 1.7 units (the F3N).[6]

The R19 was sold in most of Europe until 1996, and was produced for South American markets in Argentina until 2000. Turkish production lasted a little longer than in the rest of Europe, also until about 2000. The R19's platform and running gear would continue to be used in its replacement, the first generation Renault Mégane.

The Renault 19 was awarded the 1989 Car of the Year in Spain and Germany, 1990 Car of the Year in Ireland, and 1993 Car of the Year in Argentina.

16S hot hatch[edit]

Phase 1 convertible
Phase 2, note bonnet vent

The Renault 19 16S hot hatch, added to the lineup in the fall of 1990,[2] had a distinctive air inlet on the bonnet, a rear spoiler, 15 inch "Speedline" alloy wheels, side skirts, twin headlamps, bucket seats, and a trip computer. The "S" is for Soupapes, French for valves. The braking system was uprated to include 259 mm (10.2 in) vented discs on the front and 237 mm (9.3 in) discs on the rear as well as an uprated lower suspension setup. Phase 1 editions benefited from unique front and rear bumpers with front indicators relocated into the bumpers to allow for the twin headlamps, while the Phase 2 retained the original bumpers found throughout the range but added colour-coded tops, rubber inserts, and a discreet lower splitter.

The very last models were called Executive and came with leather interior as standard. A 16S version was also produced in Europe which was equipped as above - however, the earliest models did not sport the bonnet vent. The phase 2 models gear ratios were also revised to allow for the extra weight found in the safety equipment the later models carried. Renault claimed an acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) of 8.2 seconds. Each model boasted 137 PS (101 kW; 135 hp) in a catalysed form and a top speed of 215 km/h (134 mph). Phase I included a non-catalysed version with 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp).[7]

Engines[edit]

Phase 1 saloon ("Chamade")
Phase 2 saloon ("Chamade/Europa/Bellevue")
Model Engine Displacement Valvetrain Fuel system Max. power at rpm Max. torque at rpm Top speed Years
Petrol engines
1.2 C1G 1,237 cc OHV 8v Carburettor 55 PS (40 kW; 54 hp) @ 5,000 rpm 90 N·m (66 lb·ft) @ 3,000 rpm 1988–199x
1.2e E7F 1,171 cc SOHC 8v Single-point fuel injection 58 PS (43 kW; 57 hp) @ 6,000 rpm 85 N·m (63 lb·ft) @ 4,000 rpm 155 km/h (96 mph) 1992–1995
1.4 C1J 1,397 cc OHV 8v Carburettor 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) @ 5,250 rpm 101 N·m (74 lb·ft) @ 2,750 rpm 1988–1989
1.4 C3J 1,397 cc OHV 8v Single-point fuel injection 58 PS (43 kW; 57 hp) @ 4,750 rpm 100 N·m (74 lb·ft) @ 3,000 rpm 161 km/h (100 mph) 1989–1995
1.4 E6J 1,390 cc SOHC 8v Carburettor 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) @ 5,750 rpm 108 N·m (80 lb·ft) @ 2,750 rpm 176 km/h (109 mph) 1988–1989
1.4 E7J 1,390 cc SOHC 8v Single-point fuel injection 79 PS (58 kW; 78 hp) @ 6,000 rpm 107 N·m (79 lb·ft) @ 3,500 rpm 173 km/h (107 mph) 1992–1995
1.61 C2L 1,565 cc OHV 8v Carburettor 78 PS (57 kW; 77 hp) @ 5,000 rpm 123 N·m (91 lb·ft) @ 3,500 rpm 1992–2000
1.61 C3L 1,565 cc OHV 8v Single-point fuel injection 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) @ 5,000 rpm 133 N·m (98 lb·ft) @ 5,000 rpm 1992–2000
1.7 F2N 1,721 cc SOHC 8v Carburettor 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) @ 5,000 rpm 125 N·m (92 lb·ft) @ 3,250 rpm 1988–1989
1.7 F2N 1,721 cc SOHC 8v Carburettor 92 PS (68 kW; 91 hp) @ 5,750 rpm 138 N·m (102 lb·ft) @ 3,000 rpm 183 km/h (114 mph) 1988–1989
1.7 F3N 1,721 cc SOHC 8v Single-point fuel injection 73 PS (54 kW; 72 hp) @ 5,000 rpm 127 N·m (94 lb·ft) @ 2,750 rpm 171 km/h (106 mph) 1989–1995
1.7 F3N 1,721 cc SOHC 8v Single-point fuel injection 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @ 5,250 rpm 140 N·m (100 lb·ft) @ 3,000 rpm 185 km/h (115 mph) 1989–1992
1.7 F3N 1,721 cc SOHC 8v Multi-point fuel injection 107 PS (79 kW; 106 hp) @ 5,800 rpm 151 N·m (111 lb·ft) @ 4,000 rpm 190 km/h (118 mph) 1990–1992
1.8 F3P 1,794 cc SOHC 8v Single-point fuel injection 88 PS (65 kW; 87 hp) @ 5,750 rpm 142 N·m (105 lb·ft) @ 2,750 rpm 181 km/h (112 mph) 1992–1994
1.8 F3P 1,783 cc SOHC 8v Single-point fuel injection 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @ 5,750 rpm 144 N·m (106 lb·ft) @ 2,750 rpm 181 km/h (112 mph) 1994–1997
1.8 F3P 1,794 cc SOHC 8v Multi-point fuel injection 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) @ 5,500 rpm 160 N·m (120 lb·ft) @ 4,250 rpm 195 km/h (121 mph) 1992–1994
1.8 F3P 1,783 cc SOHC 8v Multi-point fuel injection 107 PS (79 kW; 106 hp) @ 5,500 rpm 158 N·m (117 lb·ft) @ 4,250 rpm 195 km/h (121 mph) 1994–1997
1.8 F7P 1,764 cc DOHC 16v Multi-point fuel injection 135 PS (99 kW; 133 hp) @ 6,500 rpm 158 N·m (117 lb·ft) @ 4,250 rpm 212 km/h (132 mph) 1990–1997
Diesel engines
1.9 d F8Q 1,870 cc SOHC 8v Indirect injection 64 PS (47 kW; 63 hp) @ 4,500 rpm 118 N·m (87 lb·ft) @ 2,250 rpm 161 km/h (100 mph) 1988–1995
1.9 dT F8Q 1,870 cc SOHC 8v Indirect injection 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @ 4,250 rpm 175 N·m (129 lb·ft) @ 2,250 rpm 183 km/h (114 mph) 1990–1995

1 Only for South American model

Manufacturing factories[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Modellübersicht Renault" [Renault model listing]. Mobilverzeichnis (in German). Retrieved 2013-03-27. 
  2. ^ a b c d Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (March 1991). Automobil Revue 1991 (in German/French) 86. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 509. ISBN 3-444-00514-8. 
  3. ^ Stewart McNee (July 22, 1988). "Renault chases rivals". Evening Times (35,171): 40. 
  4. ^ Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (5 March 1992). Automobil Revue 1992 (in German/French) 87. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 490. ISBN 3-444-00539-3. 
  5. ^ Automobil Revue 1992, pp. 490-492
  6. ^ Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (10 March 1994). Automobil Revue 1994 (in German/French) 89. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. pp. 478–479. ISBN 3-444-00584-9. 
  7. ^ Automobil Revue 1991, p. 511

External links[edit]