Renault 5 Turbo
|Successor||Renault Clio V6 Renault Sport|
|Body style||2-door hatchback|
|Engine||1397 cc Cléon turbo I4|
|Wheelbase||2,430 mm (95.7 in)|
|Length||3,660 mm (144.1 in)|
|Width||1,750 mm (68.9 in)|
|Height||1,320 mm (52.0 in)|
|Curb weight||970 kg (2,138 lb)|
The Renault 5 Turbo or R5 Turbo is a high-performance hatchback automobile launched by the French manufacturer Renault at the Brussels Motor Show in January 1980. The car was primarily designed for rallying, but was also sold in a street version. A total of 3576 R5 Turbos were manufactured during a four-year production run.
In response to Lancia's rallying success with the mid-engined Stratos, Renault's Jean Terramorsi, vice-president of production, asked Bertone’s Marc Deschamps to design a new sports version of the Renault 5 Alpine supermini. The distinctive new rear bodywork was styled by Marcello Gandini at Bertone.
Although the standard Renault 5 has a front-mounted engine, the 5 Turbo featured a mid-mounted 1397 cc Cléon turbocharged engine placed behind the driver in mid-body in a modified Renault 5 chassis. In standard form, the engine developed 160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp) and 163 lb·ft (221 N·m) torque.
Though it used a modified body from a standard Renault 5, and was badged a Renault 5, the mechanicals were radically different, the most obvious difference being rear-wheel drive instead of the normal version's front-wheel drive. At the time of its launch it was the most powerful production French car. The first 400 production 5 Turbos were made to comply with Group 4 homologation to allow the car to compete in international rallies, and were manufactured at the Alpine factory in Dieppe.
Renault 5 Turbo 2 
Once the homologation models were produced, a second version named Turbo 2 was introduced using more stock Renault 5 parts replacing many of light alloy components in the original 5 Turbo version. The Turbo 2 was less expensive, but had nearly the same levels of performance, top speed of 200 km/h (120 mph) and 0–100 km/h in 6.6 seconds. In retrospect, the original 5 Turbo was called "Turbo 1".
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All the racing derivatives were based on the Turbo 1. The factory pushed the engine output up to 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) for the Critérium des Cévennes, 210 PS (154 kW; 207 hp) for the Tour de Corse, and by 1984 as much as 350 PS (257 kW; 345 hp) in the R5 Maxi Turbo.
Driven by Jean Ragnotti in 1981, the 5 Turbo won the Monte Carlo Rally on its first outing in the World Rally Championship. The 2WD R5 turbo soon faced the competition of new Group B four-wheel drive cars that proved faster on dirt.
WRC victories 
No. Event Season Driver Co-driver Car 1 49ème Rallye Automobile de Monte-Carlo 1981 Jean Ragnotti Jean-Marc Andrié Renault 5 Turbo 2 26éme Tour de Corse 1982 Jean Ragnotti Jean-Marc Andrié Renault 5 Turbo 3 29ème Tour De Corse 1985 Jean Ragnotti Jean-Marc Andrié Renault R5 Maxi Turbo 4 20º Rallye de Portugal Vinho do Porto 1986 Joaquim Moutinho Edgar Fortes Renault 5 Turbo
- "Octane classic car specs". Classicandperformancecar.com. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
- "''Evo magazine'' Birth of an icon: 1980, February 2008". Evo.co.uk. February 2008. Retrieved 2011-01-31.
- Evening Times (Scotland) December 7, 1979
- Car Catalogue International 1983, page 79
- "Independent 17 October 1998". Independent.co.uk. 1998-10-17. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
Further reading 
- Renault 5 Turbo: L'école du Groupe B, by Dominique Pascal (2008). ISBN 2-7268-8462-8.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Renault 5 Turbo|
- Renault 5 Turbo 2 (French)/(English)/(Spanish), retrieved on 1 August 2008