Renault Clio

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Renault Clio
Renault - Clio - Mondial de l'Automobile de Paris 2012 - 202.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Renault
Production 1990–present
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Chronology
Predecessor Renault 5

The Renault Clio is a supermini car, produced by the French automobile manufacturer Renault. Originally launched in 1990, it is currently in its fourth generation as of 2012. The Clio has seen substantial critical and commercial success, being consistently one of Europe's top-selling cars since its launch,[1] and it is largely credited with restoring Renault's reputation and stature after a difficult second half of the 1980s. The Clio is one of only two cars, the other being the Volkswagen Golf, to have been voted European Car of the Year twice, in 1991 and 2006.

The Clio is sold as the Renault Lutecia (ルノー ルーテシア Runō Rūteshia?)[2] in Japan because Honda retains the rights to the name CLIO; after the Honda Clio in 1984.

Clio I (1990–1998)[edit]

Clio I
Clio MK1 Ph1.JPG
Overview
Also called Renault Lutecia (Japan)
Production 1990–1998 (France)
1996–2001 (Colombia)
Assembly Flins, France
Beijing, China
Bursa, Turkey (Oyak-Renault)
Córdoba, Argentina (Renault Argentina)[3]
Envigado, Colombia (SOFASA)
Haren-Vilvoorde, Belgium (RIB)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
Powertrain
Engine 1,108 cc C-Type I4 (gasoline)
1,149 cc D-Type I4 (gasoline)
1,171 cc E5F/E7F I4 (gasoline)
1,390 cc E-Type I4 (gasoline)
1,565 cc C-Type I4 (gasoline)
1,721 cc F2N I4 (gasoline)
1,764 cc F7P I4 (gasoline)
1,794 cc F3P I4 (gasoline)
1,998 cc F7R I4 (gasoline)
1,870 cc F8Q I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,472 mm (97.3 in)
Length 3,709 mm (146.0 in)
Width 1,616 mm (63.6 in) (1990–1996)
1,625 mm (64.0 in) (1996–1998)
Height 1,360 mm (53.5 in)
Curb weight 930 kg (2,050 lb)

The Clio was introduced at the Paris Motor Show in June 1990 and sales in France and the rest of the continent began then, although sales in Britain did not begin until March 1991. The Clio largely replaced the aging Renault 5 Mk2 (which continued to be built in lower volumes until 1996 in Slovenia as a budget alternative). The Clio's suspension and floorpan was largely the same as the 5, which in turn was the same as the all-new 9/11 of 1982. Half-width torsion bars (full-width on higher spec models) with trailing arms at the rear, and coil sprung MacPherson struts, attached to a thick pressed steel subframe at the front. The engine range available at launch included 1.2 L and 1.4 L E-type "Energy" petrol inline-four engines (first seen in the R19) and 1.7 L and 1.9 L diesel (both based on the F-type unit) engines. The petrol engines gradually replaced carburettors with electronic fuel injection systems throughout production, in order to conform to ever stricter pollutant emission regulations.

Phase 2 Clio (1994–96)
Rear view of the Clio

A minor trim facelift occurred after only a year of being on sale. A new "smooth" version of the Renault diamond badge (the previous "ribbed" badge was being phased out at the time) and a new front seat design were the only changes. The altered design did not constitute a new "phase". In March 1994 (at the Geneva Motor Show), the Phase 2 model was launched, with small updates to the exterior and interior of the Clio.[4] Most noticeable was the change in the front grille from two metal ribs to a single colour-coded slat grille. The bump strips were made slightly larger and rounder, and the car's trim level badge was incorporated into the bump strips. The badges on the tailgate strip were moved up onto the tailgate itself and the tailgate strip was given a carbon fibre look. The rear light clusters were given a slightly more rounded bubble shape to them, giving the Clio a more modern look. The clusters, however, are physically interchangeable with Phase 1 clusters.[citation needed]

In 1996, with the arrival of the Phase 3 facelifted Clio, the 1.2 L Energy engine was replaced by the 1,149 cc D7F MPi (Multi Point Injection) DiET engine, first used in the Renault Twingo; for some time also, versions were available with the older 1239 cc "Cléon" unit from the original Twingo. The cylinder head design on the 1.4 L E-Type was also slightly altered for the Phase 3 models in a bid for better fuel economy. This resulted in the engines producing slightly less power than their earlier versions.[citation needed]

Phase 3 Clio (1996–98)

The Phase 3 Clios had a slightly more noticeable update than the Phase 2's. The Phase 3 has different, more rounded headlights, incorporating the turn signal in the unit with the headlight. The bonnet curved more around the edges of the lights. The tailgate incorporated a third brake light and a new script "Clio" name badge, following the same typeface as contemporary Renaults. Some mechanical improvements were also made.[citation needed]

Renault also released a warm hatch version of the Clio for the 1993 model year. It was aesthetically very similar, but with the addition of a 110 PS (81 kW) 1.8 L eight-valve engine, side skirts and disc brakes on all wheels. This, with multi-point fuel injection, was badged as the RSi.[4] From 1991 a lighter tuned version of this 1.8 litre engine (with single-point injection) joined the earlier 1.7 used in the very luxurious Baccara version which was sold in some continental European markets. In addition to this reasonably powerful engine, the Baccara has a luxurious interior with lots of leather and wood, as well as power windows, locks, etcetera. The Baccara was renamed "Initiale" in 1997, in line with other Renaults, differing from the Baccara mainly in the wheel design.

Interior of 1993 Clio Baccara

During 1991, a 1.8 L 16-valve engine producing 137 PS (101 kW) (also first seen in the R19) capable of propelling the car to 209 km/h (130 mph) was introduced to the Clio engine range, known simply as the Clio 16S in France (S for "soupapes", the French word for valves), and Clio 16V in export markets.[5] As well as having a higher top speed than a regular Clio, the 16S sported wider plastic front wings, an offset bonnet vent, wider rear arches and uprated suspension and brakes, and colour-coded front mirrors and bumpers. The RSi side skirts were omitted, however. Interior wise, the 16V model had an extended instrument panel that housed dials for engine oil pressure, oil temperature, and oil level (which only indicates on engine start). The seats were also more supportive to match the sporting nature of the model. The non-catalyzed versions, still available in some markets, offered 140 PS (103 kW) and marginally higher performance with top speed up to 212 km/h (132 mph) and the 0–100 km/h time dropping from 8 to 7.8 seconds.[5]

The Clio was voted European Car of the Year for 1991,[6] and soon became one of Europe's best-selling cars, as well as the first Renault to be consistently among the top-10 best sellers in the United Kingdom. UK sales were helped by a famous television advertising campaign by Publicis shot in France, featuring the two main characters of Nicole (played by Estelle Skornik, who was not French[citation needed] nor did she have a driving licence at the time) and Papa.

From 1991 to 1993, trim levels were identical in every European country. Starting in 1993, trim levels designations became more varied across the various markets.[citation needed] The car was sold as the Renault Lutecia (from Lutetia, the Latin name for Paris) in Japan, as "Clio" was used there by Honda for one of their domestic marketing networks.

Sales across Europe were strong throughout its production life, and a decade after its demise it is still a common sight on Europe's roads.[citation needed]

Clio Williams[edit]

Clio Williams

In 1993, Renault launched the Clio Williams as a limited edition of 3,800 cars (1,300 more than they needed for homologation purposes) with each car bearing a numbered plaque on the dash. These sold out so quickly that Renault ended up building 1,600 more.[7]

After the first series, due to the demand, Renault built Willams 2 and Williams 3. Altogether there were 12,100 Clio Williams made. But because a lot of new road cars were directly converted to race cars and when damaged replaced with another converted road car, actual number of road cars is significantly lower. A lot of cars have been broken for parts in the last few years, making the road cars in original condition even more rare.[citation needed]

The car was named after the then Renault-powered Formula One team WilliamsF1, though Williams had nothing to do with the design or engineering of this Clio. The modifications to the Clio 16S on which it was based were the work of Renault Sport, Renault's motorsport division.

The 2.0 L 16-valve straight-4 engine rated at 147 PS (108 kW) and a top speed of 215 km/h (134 mph) with performance-tuned ride and handling. Renault later released the Williams 2 and Williams 3 special editions, much to the chagrin of those owners who had been assured of the exclusivity of the "original" Williams. One common mistake people can make is thinking that the 2.0 16V (F7R) used in the Williams is simply a bored out 1.8 16V (F7P), whereas, in reality the large engine had different size valves, cams, stroked crank and engine oil cooler. Other differences between the Williams and the Clio 16S it is based on include a wider front track with wishbones similar, but not the same as Renault 19, wider Speedline alloys, uprated (JC5) gearbox, bespoke four-to-one manifold, firmer suspension, and some cosmetic differences on the exterior and interior.[citation needed]

The differences between the three versions of the Williams were largely a reflection of phase changes across the Clio range, e.g. the gradual addition of enhanced safety features and cosmetic variations. Other than this, the Williams 1 and 2 had no sunroof and were painted in 449 Sports Blue. The final Williams 3 was painted in a slightly brighter shade of blue (432 Monaco Blue) and finally gained a sunroof which had long been standard on virtually all previous Clios. The original Williams was the lightest of the three, lacking the electrics necessary for the sunroof or the mirrors, and was the only one to sport a metal plaque stating the build number.

Respected motoring journalists consistently rate the Williams as one of the very best hot hatches ever made,[citation needed] regardless of era. One of its many accolades was 6th place in Evo's Car Of The Decade feature in 2004.

The Renault Clio Williams was and still is a very popular rally car. The basic racing version (Gr.N) had racing suspension, different engine management and a more free flowing exhaust. Power output was around 165 PS (121 kW). Roll cage was made by Matter France. Bucket seats were made by Sabelt.

The Next step up was the Gr.A car, which was fitted with 16″ Speedline 2012 rims (with optional extractors), further improvements on suspension and more tuned engine producing between 205-220 PS. Front brakes were also uprated with 323mm discs and 4 pot Alcon brake calipers.

The final evolution was the Renault Clio Williams Maxi kit-car with wider arches and 17″ Speedline 2012 rims and improved Proflex suspension. Sodemo engine was further tuned to 250-265 PS.

Engines[edit]

Model Engine Displacement Valvetrain Fuel system Max. power at rpm Max. torque at rpm Years
Petrol engines
1.2 E7F 1,171 cc SOHC 8v Single-point fuel injection 54 PS (40 kW; 53 hp) @ 6,000 rpm 83 N·m (61 lb·ft) @ 3,500 rpm 1990–1996
1.2 D7F 1,149 cc SOHC 8v Multi-point fuel injection 54 PS (40 kW; 53 hp) @ 5,250 rpm 93 N·m (69 lb·ft) @ 2,500 rpm 1996–1998
1.2 D7F 1,149 cc SOHC 8v Multi-point fuel injection 58 PS (43 kW; 57 hp) @ 5,250 rpm 93 N·m (69 lb·ft) @ 2,400 rpm 1997–1998
1.4 E7J 1,390 cc SOHC 8v Single-point fuel injection 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) @ 5,750 rpm 107 N·m (79 lb·ft) @ 3,500 rpm 1990–1998
1.4 E7J 1,390 cc SOHC 8v Single-point fuel injection 79 PS (58 kW; 78 hp) @ 5,750 rpm 107 N·m (79 lb·ft) @ 3,500 rpm 1996–1998
1.8 F3P 1,794 cc SOHC 8v Single-point fuel injection 88 PS (65 kW; 87 hp) @ 5,750 rpm 142 N·m (105 lb·ft) @ 2,750 rpm 1990–1996
1.8 F3P 1,783 cc SOHC 8v Single-point fuel injection 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @ 5,750 rpm 144 N·m (106 lb·ft) @ 2,750 rpm 1996–1998
1.8 F3P 1,794 cc SOHC 8v Multi-point fuel injection 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) @ 5,500 rpm 155 N·m (114 lb·ft) @ 4,250 rpm 1993–1995
1.8 F3P 1,783 cc SOHC 8v Multi-point fuel injection 107 PS (79 kW; 106 hp) @ 5,500 rpm 150 N·m (110 lb·ft) @ 2,750 rpm 1995–1998
1.8 F7P 1,764 cc DOHC 16v Multi-point fuel injection 135 PS (99 kW; 133 hp) @ 6,500 rpm 158 N·m (117 lb·ft) @ 4,250 rpm 1991–1995
2.0 Clio Williams F7R 1,998 cc DOHC 16v Multi-point fuel injection 147 PS (108 kW; 145 hp) @ 6,100 rpm 175 N·m (129 lb·ft) @ 4,500 rpm 1994–1998
Diesel engines
1.9 d F8Q 1,870 cc SOHC 8v Indirect injection 64 PS (47 kW; 63 hp) @ 4,500 rpm 118 N·m (87 lb·ft) @ 2,250 rpm 1991–1998

Clio II (1998–2012)[edit]

Clio II
Renault Clio II Phase I Fünftürer 1.2.JPG
Overview
Also called Renault Clio Campus (UK, France, Germany, Colombia, Spain)
Renault Clio Grande (United Kingdom)
Renault Clio Storia (Slovenia)
Renault Lutecia (Japan)
Renault Clio New Basic (Denmark)
Renault Clio Mercosur (Brazil)
Renault Clio Mio (Argentina)
Renault Novo Clio (Brazil)
Renault Express (Colombia, Taxi version)
Production 1998–2012 (France)[8]
1998–2010 (Mexico)
2000–present (Argentina)
2001–present (Colombia)
2001–present (Morocco)
Assembly Flins, France
Bursa, Turkey (Oyak-Renault)
Curitiba, Brazil (Renault Brazil)
Novo Mesto, Slovenia (Revoz)
Envigado, Colombia (SOFASA)
Aguascalientes, Mexico[9]
Córdoba, Argentina (Renault Argentina)[10]
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
4-door sedan
Platform Alliance B platform
Related Renault Symbol
Powertrain
Engine 1.0 L I4 (gasoline)
1.2 L I4 (gasoline)
1.4 L I4 (gasoline)
1.6 L I4 (gasoline)
2.0 L I4 (gasoline)
3.0 L V6 (gasoline)
1.5 L I4 (diesel)
1.9 L I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,472 mm (97.3 in)
Length 3,773 mm (148.5 in) (1998–01)
4,150 mm (163.4 in) (1998–01 sedan)
3,811 mm (150.0 in) (2001–12)
4,171 mm (164.2 in) (2001–08 sedan)
Width 1,639 mm (64.5 in)
Height 1,417 mm (55.8 in) (hatchback)
1,437 mm (56.6 in) (sedan)
Curb weight 990 kg (2,183 lb)
Rear view
Interior of the facelifted Clio II

The second generation of the Clio was launched in the spring of 1998 and sold for less than €8,000, with considerably more rounded and bulbous styling than its predecessor. Part of the radical concept of the new Clio were many components made of unusual materials to save in weight and repair costs.[citation needed] For instance, the front wings were made of plastic (following criticisms of corrosion in this part of the previous model and based on technology developed for the Renault Espace) and the material of the bonnet was aluminium in some versions. Originally the engine lineup was similar to before, with 1.2 L, 1.4 L and 1.6 L petrol engines and a 1.9 L diesel.

In early 2000, a sportive 16V version equipped with a new 1.6 L 16-valve engine was introduced, and eventually, all the older petrol engines were upgraded to more powerful and more economical 16-valve versions.[11]

In 1998, Renault launched the 169 PS (124 kW) Clio Renault Sport (also known as Clio RS for short, named Clio Renault Sport 172 in the UK and sold for less than €17,500 — 172 coming from the DIN method horsepower measurement), with a 2.0 L 16-valve engine and a top speed of 220 km/h (140 mph). The standard Clio RTE powered with a 1.2 54 PS (40 kW) engine could reach 180 km/h on its maximum.[citation needed] The top-of-the-range Clio, however, was the mid-engined, rear-wheel drive Clio V6 Renault Sport, originally engineered by Tom Walkinshaw Racing for a one-make racing series, which placed a 230 PS (170 kW) 3.0 L V6 engine, sourced from the Renault Laguna, placed behind the front seats, with a top speed of 235 km/h (146 mph).[citation needed]

In 2000 a few minor changes were made to the Clio range, which included revised specification levels, a new instrument cluster, and a passenger airbag fitted as standard for all models. The Clio achieved a four-star Euro NCAP rating in 2000,[12] which was class-leading at the time.[13]

Facelift[edit]

Renault Clio II facelift
The 2009 Renault Clio Hi-Flex 1.0, developed in Brazil, is a flexible-fuel version that runs on any blend of gasoline and ethanol

A major facelift occurred in the spring of 2001 which saw the exterior restyled (most visibly the headlights were made more angular), the interior quality improved and a 1.5 L common rail Diesel engine added. In 2004 Phase 3 followed starting on a 53 Plate this was just some small changes to bring it up to date. The front bumper was changed giving it a wide lower grille and the foglights were bulged out at the side (cars not equipped with foglights remained using the older ph2 bumper), the upper grille was changed and the headlights (which previously had black background) now had grey. The 15" alloy wheels were changed and were now a 15" version of the facelift 172 model on Dynamique and Extreme models. Clear side repeaters were added, as was a colourcoded rear spoiler (again on Dynamique spec cars). In the South American market, the facelifted Clio continued to use the dashboard of the 1998 model and was never updated, except for the colombian 2008 model that included the same interior of the European version with little changes, and continued having the same exterior as the phase II model.[citation needed]

Fifth phase Clio II, marketed as the Clio Campus between 2006 and 2012. This is a facelift that was released in 2009.

On the inside the pattern on the seats was changed for a simpler one, and the dials were changed to do away with the fuel and water temperature needles and now featured a larger screen that included a digital version of these gauges as well as the millage and trip computer. Climate control equipped cars were given a vent in the back of the glove box so it could be climate controlled. Under the bonnet a new 100 PS (74 kW) dCi engine was available (the 1.2 16v also received a new engine developed with Nissan). Rear disks were fitted on 1.6 16v models and DCi 100 models equipped with ESP. On this second facelift, the Clio Renault Sport's power was improved to 179 PS (132 kW) (in the UK, the designation RS 182 was adopted, once more using in reflection of DIN-measured horsepower).[citation needed] For the first time there were two options in chassis stiffness for the RS model. the standard Settings (different from the non sport models), and CUP badge chassis, 20mm lower, larger stabilizer bars, and stiffness suspension.

At the 2006 Paris International Agricultural Show, Renault exhibited a Hi-Flex Clio II with a 1.6 L 16-valve engine. This vehicle, which addresses the Brazilian market, features Renault-developed flex-fuel technology, with a highly versatile engine that can run on fuel containing a blend of gasoline and ethanol in any proportion (0% to 100% of either).

The Phase 4 Clio II, known as the Clio Campus, was introduced in 2006 and had a restyled rear end, the number plate moving from boot to bumper, and a better specification on all models.[14] This car stopped being sold in the UK in late 2008, and a revised front end was then released in April 2009.[15]

The last units of the Clio II built in Mexico featured the headlights used on the Nissan Platina,[citation needed] thus becoming the third headlight design to be used in the car. This version lasted a month (January 2010) on sale, before both Clio and Platina being replaced by the Dacia Logan and Sandero. The second generation Clio was marketed until 2012 in France as the Clio Campus,[16] or in Slovenia as the Clio Storia.[17] It is still marketed in Colombia also as Clio Campus since 2012, with the same interior as the pre-facelifted model and a very basic equipment, without airbags or foglights.

In October 2012, a new version of the Clio II, called Clio Mío,[18] was introduced at the São Paulo Motor Show, featuring the brand's new corporate design.[19] Intended to be the lowest priced Renault model available in Latin America,[20] it is manufactured in Córdoba, Argentina,[21] and features additional styling and equipment updates. It keeps the dashboard of the pre-facelift version, but with new gauges and optional color matching inserts.[20]

Sedan[edit]

Main article: Renault Symbol
1999 Renault Thalia (Poland)
The new Thalia uses Clio II platform, with little modifications to the interior but has a complete new exterior

In 1999, Renault launched the saloon version of the Clio II, named Clio Symbol in Turkey and Eastern Europe, Thalia in Central Europe, Clio Classic in Asia and North Africa, Clio Sedan in Brazil and Paraguay, or Symbol in the rest of South America (except Argentina where it was called Clio). The car was intended for sale in developing countries, where saloons were traditionally preferred over hatchbacks, most notably in Eastern Europe, where the Thalia was cheaper than the Clio, but was still about 30% more expensive than the Dacia Logan, also sold by Renault as a low cost model.[citation needed] In some Latin American markets the sedan was offered as the Nissan Platina (manufactured in Aguascalientes, Mexico), with slight changes in the front of the car to make it resemble the Nissan Altima. The sedan version of Clio was facelifted in 2002, with new exterior similar to facelifted Clio, better equipment and safety levels.

In the fall of 2006, an improved Clio sedan has been offered, renamed in Eastern Europe as Renault Symbol. This model featured the interior of the facelifted Clio II with very minor parts commonality with Megane II, as well as new standard and optional equipment, such as automatic air conditioning and a CD player. The model earned moderate reception in the domestic market.[citation needed]

Renault introduced the second generation of the Symbol/Thalia model at the 2008 Moscow Motor Show. The new model features chrome-trimmed front grille and rear fascia, while powered by similar engines as the Dacia Logan range. The new Symbol/Thalia was designed for the Eastern and Central Europe, Russia, Turkey and North Africa.

Watchdog controversy[edit]

In April 2006, the UK BBC consumer affairs programme Watchdog aired details of over 1,000 incidents involving Clio IIs in which the bonnet flew open without warning while still being driven, usually at high speeds and sometimes writing the cars off. The problem was found to be caused by the catch not being cleaned and lubricated during servicing. Renault investigated the issue with the aid of VOSA and a "task force" of Renault departments to test the design but found no problem with the bonnet catch and so would not issue a recall. Renault instead wrote to owners of the model and offered to "remedy for free any catches where there has been poor maintenance".[22]

Watchdog has since claimed other experts have contacted them with accusations that Renault was expecting people to maintain a flawed part that would corrode over time and could cost lives. David Burrowes, MP, Chair of the Government's Road Safety Group, later tabled a motion in the House of Commons urging further action. Renault was accused by one of its staff who quit in protest of downplaying the serious "fault" and putting customers' lives in danger.[23]

Engines[edit]

Model Engine Displacement Valvetrain Max. power at rpm Max. torque at rpm Years
Petrol engines
1.2 D7F 1,149 cc SOHC 8v 58 PS (43 kW; 57 hp) @ 5,250 rpm 93 N·m (69 lb·ft) @ 2,500 rpm 1998–2012
1.2 D4F 1,149 cc SOHC 16v 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) @ 5,500 rpm 105 N·m (77 lb·ft) @ 3,500 rpm 2001–2012
1.4 K7J 1,390 cc SOHC 8v 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) @ 5,500 rpm 114 N·m (84 lb·ft) @ 4,250 rpm 1998–2001
1.4 K4J 1,390 cc DOHC 16v 95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp) @ 6,000 rpm 127 N·m (94 lb·ft) @ 3,750 rpm 1999–2000
1.4 K4J 1,390 cc DOHC 16v 98 PS (72 kW; 97 hp) @ 6,000 rpm 127 N·m (94 lb·ft) @ 3,750 rpm 2000–2005
1.6 K7M 1,598 cc SOHC 8v 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @ 5,250 rpm 131 N·m (97 lb·ft) @ 2,500 rpm 1998–2000
1.6 K4M 1,598 cc DOHC 16v 107 PS (79 kW; 106 hp) @ 5,750 rpm 148 N·m (109 lb·ft) @ 3,750 rpm 1999–2005
2.0 Clio Sport F4R 1,998 cc DOHC 16v 169 PS (124 kW; 167 hp) @ 6,250 rpm 200 N·m (150 lb·ft) @ 5,400 rpm 1999–2001
2.0 Clio Sport F4R 1,998 cc DOHC 16v 169 PS (124 kW; 167 hp) @ 6,250 rpm 200 N·m (150 lb·ft) @ 5,400 rpm 2001–2003
2.0 Clio Sport F4R 1,998 cc DOHC 16v 178 PS (131 kW; 176 hp) @ 6,500 rpm 200 N·m (150 lb·ft) @ 5,250 rpm 2004–2005
3.0 Clio Renault Sport V6 L7X 2,946 cc DOHC 24v 226 PS (166 kW; 223 hp) @ 6,000 rpm 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) @ 3,750 rpm 2000–2002
3.0 Clio Renault Sport V6 L7X 2,946 cc DOHC 24v 254 PS (187 kW; 251 hp) @ 7,150 rpm 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) @ 4,650 rpm 2003–2005
Diesel engines
1.5 dCi K9K 1,461 cc SOHC 8v 64 PS (47 kW; 63 hp) @ 3,750 rpm 160 N·m (120 lb·ft) @ 1,900 rpm 2009–2012
1.5 dCi K9K 1,461 cc SOHC 8v 65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp) @ 4,000 rpm 160 N·m (120 lb·ft) @ 2,000 rpm 2001–2005
1.5 dCi K9K 1,461 cc SOHC 8v 68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp) @ 4,000 rpm 160 N·m (120 lb·ft) @ 1,500 rpm 2006–2007
1.5 dCi K9K 1,461 cc SOHC 8v 82 PS (60 kW; 81 hp) @ 4,000 rpm 185 N·m (136 lb·ft) @ 2,000 rpm 2002–2005
1.5 dCi K9K 1,461 cc SOHC 8v 100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp) @ 4,000 rpm 200 N·m (150 lb·ft) @ 1,900 rpm 2004–2005
1.9 dTi F9Q 1,870 cc SOHC 8v 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) @ 4,000 rpm 160 N·m (120 lb·ft) @ 2,000 rpm 2000–2001

Clio III (2005–2014)[edit]

Clio III
Renault Clio III 20090527 front.JPG
Overview
Also called Renault Euro Clio (Mexico)
Renault Lutecia (Japan)
Production 2005–2014[21]
Assembly Flins, France
Delhi, India (Renault India)
Bursa, Turkey (Oyak-Renault)
Valladolid, Spain (Renault Spain)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
5-door estate
Platform Alliance B platform
Related Nissan Micra
Nissan Tiida
Renault Modus
Dacia Logan
Dacia Sandero
Powertrain
Engine 1.0 L D7D I4 (gasoline)
1.2 L I4 (gasoline)
1.4 L I4 (gasoline)
1.6 L I4 (gasoline)
1.8 L I4 (gasoline)
2.0 L I4 (gasoline)
1.5 L I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,451 mm (96.5 in)
2,575 mm (101.4 in) (estate)
Length 3,986 mm (156.9 in) (2005–09)
4,032 mm (158.7 in) (2009–present)
4,233 mm (166.7 in) (estate)
Width 1,707 mm (67.2 in) (2005–09)
1,720 mm (67.7 in) (2009–present)
1,719 mm (67.7 in) (estate)
Height 1,497 mm (58.9 in)
Curb weight 1,150 kg (2,535 lb)
Rear view
Estate version of the Clio III

The third generation Clio was unveiled at the 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show.[24]

The Clio III uses the Nissan B platform, co-developed with Nissan (which Renault has a share in), that is shared with the Renault Modus, the Nissan Micra and the Nissan Note. It is considerably larger and 130 kg (287 lb) heavier as well as being more expensive than the Clio II, and at nearly 4,000 mm in length has almost outgrown the supermini class.[citation needed]

This was the result of a decision to move the Clio upmarket.[citation needed] It also brings the trademark "Renault Card" keyless immobiliser to the Clio for the first time. The new Clio achieved a 5-star EuroNCAP safety rating, joining the rest of Renault's family at the maximum safety rating (with the exception of the Kangoo and the Twingo). Sales began throughout Europe in October 2005.[citation needed]

It was voted European Car of the Year 2006, becoming the first car to win twice, defeating the rival Volkswagen Passat by just 5 points. The Clio was described by several people as the new benchmark for its category and by one judge as a "great little car that should inspire bigger ones". The trophy for the award was presented in January 2006 to the Renault chief executive at a ceremony in Italy organized by Auto Magazine.[25]

In June 2006 the sales of the third generation Clio Renault Sport started in France for the price of €23,000. The Clio Renault Sport is equipped with a new naturally aspirated 16-valve 2.0 L engine based on the earlier version used in the second generation Clio Renaultsport and a 6-speed manual gearbox. The engine develops 197 PS (145 kW) at 7250 rpm. The top speed is 215 km/h (134 mph) and 0–100 km/h takes 6.9 seconds.[citation needed]

An estate version called Sport Tourer was unveiled in March 2007. At the same time, Renault replaced the 1.4 L atmospheric engine with a new turbocharged 1.2 TCe version, with 101 PS (74 kW) and 145 N·m (107 lb·ft) of maximum torque. In the 2nd, 3rd and 4th gears over 4500rpm the turbocharger adds 5 extra HP.[citation needed]

Facelift[edit]

Renault Clio III facelift
Interior of the facelifted Clio III

A facelifted version of the Clio III went on sale in the United Kingdom on May 15, 2009.

It features better quality materials used in the interior and is better equipped than the pre-facelift model.[26]

It is also introduced with a new Clio GT variant, intended to slot between the regular Clio and the Clio 197.

The Clio GT has a new aggressive front end styling incorporating a black grille, extended side sills, suspension settings unique to the GT variant, and a twin tailpipe design with a lip spoiler on the rear end.[27]

The Renault Clio III also became the basis for the Renault Clio Gordini 200 (limited edition) introduced in the United Kingdom in 2010. The Clio Gordini 200 is equipped with a 2.0L engine which develops 200 bhp. However, the limited edition is priced as low as the usual version.[28]

The range was reduced in late 2012, due to the launch of the Clio IV. However in France it is now called The Clio Collection and is still in production[citation needed]

Engines[edit]

Engine Code Type Power Top speed 0–100 km/h Availability
Petrol
1.0 L (999 cc) D7D 8-valve I4 58 PS (43 kW; 57 hp) 144 km/h (89 mph) 18.2 s Brazil, 2000–07
1.0 L (999 cc) (petrol/ethanol) D4D 16-valve I4 77 PS (57 kW; 76 hp) 165 km/h (103 mph) 14.1 s Brazil, 2003–present
1.2 L (1149 cc) D7F 8-valve I4 58 PS (43 kW; 57 hp) 160 km/h (99 mph) 13.5 s 1996–present, Clio Campus/Storia GPL
1.2 L (1149 cc) D4F 16-valve I4 76 PS (56 kW; 75 hp) 170 km/h (106 mph) 13.0 s 2001–present
1.2 L TCe 100 (1149 cc) D4FT 16-valve I4 101 PS (74 kW; 100 hp) 184 km/h (114 mph) 11.1 s 2007–present, Clio III
1.2 L (1171 cc) E5F 8-valve I4 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) 155 km/h (96 mph) 15.2 s 1990–93
1.2 L (1171 cc) E7F 8-valve I4 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) 155 km/h (96 mph) 15.2 s 1990–95
1.2 L (1239 cc) C3G 8-valve I4 54 PS (40 kW; 53 hp) 150 km/h (93 mph) 14.5 s 1995–96
1.4 L (1390 cc) E7J 8-valve I4 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) 175 km/h (109 mph) 11.2 s 1997
1.4 L (1390 cc) K7J 8-valve I4 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) 170 km/h (106 mph) 12.0 s 1998–2001
1.4 L (1390 cc) K4J 16-valve I4 98 PS (72 kW; 97 hp) 185 km/h (115 mph) 11.2 s 1998–present
1.6 L (1598 cc) K7M 8-valve I4 88 PS (65 kW; 87 hp) 177 km/h (110 mph) 11.9 s 1998–99
1.6 L (1598 cc) K4M 16-valve I4 110 PS (81 kW; 110 hp) 194 km/h (121 mph) 9.6 s 1998–2005 (1999–2001 16v-sport version)
1.6 L (1598 cc) K4M 16-valve I4 112 PS (82 kW; 110 hp) 190 km/h (118 mph) 10.2 s 2005–present
1.7 L (1698 cc) or (1721 cc) F3N 8-valve I4 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) 205 km/h (127 mph) 9.2 s 1990–91
1.8 L (1794 cc) F3P 8-valve I4 95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp) 185 km/h (115 mph) 9.9 s 1990–98
1.8 L (1794 cc) F3P 8-valve I4 110 PS (81 kW; 110 hp) 195 km/h (121 mph) 8.6 s RSi
1.8 L (1764 cc) F7P 16-valve I4 137 PS (101 kW; 135 hp) 209 km/h (130 mph) 8.0 s 16S/16V
2.0 L (1998 cc) F4R 16-valve I4 135 PS (99 kW; 133 hp) 205 km/h (127 mph) 8.5 s
2.0 L (1998 cc) F7R 16-valve I4 145 PS (107 kW; 143 hp) 215 km/h (134 mph) 7.7 s Williams
2.0 L (1998 cc) F4R 16-valve I4 172 PS (127 kW; 170 hp) 220 km/h (137 mph) 7.5 s 2000–04, RS
2.0 L (1998 cc) F4R 16-valve I4 182 PS (134 kW; 180 hp) 222 km/h (138 mph) 7.3 s 2004–06, RS
2.0 L (1997 cc) F4R 16-valve I4 197 PS (145 kW; 194 hp) 223 km/h (139 mph) 6.9 s 2006–09, RS
3.0 L (2946 cc) L7X 24-valve V6 230 PS (170 kW; 230 hp) 235 km/h (146 mph) 6.5 s
3.0 L (2946 cc) L7X 24-valve V6 255 PS (188 kW; 252 hp) 245 km/h (152 mph) 5.9 s 2000–04, RS
Diesel
1.5 L (1461 cc) K9K 8-valve dCi I4 65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp) 162 km/h (101 mph) 15.0 s 2001–05
1.5 L (1461 cc) 8-valve dCi I4 68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp) 163 km/h (101 mph) 14.9 s 2005–present
1.5 L (1461 cc) K9K 8-valve dCi I4 82 PS (60 kW; 81 hp) 175 km/h (109 mph) 12.2 s 2001–05
1.5 L (1461 cc) K9K 8-valve dCi I4 86 PS (63 kW; 85 hp) 174 km/h (108 mph) 12.7 s 2005–present
1.5 L (1461 cc) K9K 8-valve dCi I4 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) 176 km/h (109 mph) 11.0 s 2011–present
1.5 L (1461 cc) K9K 8-valve dCi I4 101 PS (74 kW; 100 hp) 185 km/h (115 mph) 10.6 s 2001–05
1.5 L (1461 cc) K9K 8-valve dCi I4 106 PS (78 kW; 105 hp) 190 km/h (118 mph) 11.1 s 2005–present
1.9 L (1870 cc) F8Q 8-valve D I4 64 PS (47 kW; 63 hp) 161 km/h (100 mph) 14.8 s Clio I, Clio II
1.9 L (1870 cc) F8Q 8-valve dTi I4 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) 175 km/h (109 mph) 13.0 s Clio II

Clio IV (2012–present)[edit]

Clio IV
Renault Clio (front quarter) red.JPG
Overview
Also called Renault Lutecia (Japan)[2]
Production 2012–present
Assembly Flins, France
Bursa, Turkey (Oyak-Renault)
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door hatchback
5-door estate
Platform Alliance B platform
Related Renault Captur
Powertrain
Engine 0.9 L H4Bt turbo I3 (gasoline)
1.2 L D4F I4 (gasoline)
1.2 L H5Ft turbo I4 (gasoline)[29]
1.5 L K9K I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,589 mm (101.9 in)
Length 4,062 mm (159.9 in) (hatchback)
4,262 mm (167.8 in) (estate)
Width 1,732 mm (68.2 in)
Height 1,448 mm (57.0 in)
Curb weight 980–1,071 kg (2,161–2,361 lb)

The Clio IV was introduced at the September–October 2012 Paris Motor Show,[30] and began marketing a month later. It is available in hatchback body style and starting from early 2013 also as an estate.[31] It is manufactured in Flins, France, and in Bursa, Turkey,[32] where the estate will particularly be assembled.[33]

A notable difference from the previous generation is the wheelbase, which has been significantly extended and is now near to the one of a compact car. The length and the width have also been increased, but less significantly.[34]

Features[edit]

The Clio IV features new equipment such as hands-free, rear camera connectivity with more than 50 applications (Renault R-Link infotainment system, powered by Android & TomTom)[35] and a six-speed double clutch automatic gearbox that will be available starting early 2013.[36]

Engines[edit]

The range of petrol engines consists of two options: a 1.2-litre 16 valve straight-4 engine, with a maximum power output of 75 hp (56 kW), and a turbocharged 0.9-litre 12 valve straight-3 engine, developing 90 hp (67 kW), which can have a CO
2
emission level of 99 g/km. A second version of the 0.9-litre engine, with a peak power of 120 hp (89 kW), will be introduced in early 2013. A turbocharged 1.6-litre four-cylinder engine, capable of producing 197 hp (147 kW), will be featured on the Renault Sport version.[37]

The diesel range has two versions of the 1.5 dCi straight-4 engine, one of 75 hp (56 kW) and one of 90 hp (67 kW), which can have a CO
2
emission level of 83 g/km.[38]

Engine Code Displacement Power Torque Top speed 0–100 km/h Combined consumption CO
2
emissions
Petrol engines
0.9 12v Energy TCe H4Bt 400 898 cc 90 hp (67 kW) at 5250 rpm 135 N·m (100 lb·ft) at 2500 rpm 182 km/h (113 mph) 12.2 s 4.5 l/100 km (63 mpg-imp) 104 g/km
0.9 12v Energy TCe 99g 185 km/h (115 mph) 13.0 s 4.3 l/100 km (66 mpg-imp) 99 g/km
1.2 16v 75 D4F 740 1,149 cc 75 hp (56 kW) at 5500 rpm 107 N·m (79 lb·ft) at 4250 rpm 167 km/h (104 mph) 15.4 s 5.5 l/100 km (51 mpg-imp) 127 g/km
Diesel engines
1.5 8v dCi 75 K9K 612 1,461 cc 75 hp (56 kW) at 4000 rpm 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) at 1750 rpm 168 km/h (104 mph) 14.3 s 3.6 l/100 km (78 mpg-imp) 95 g/km
1.5 8v Energy dCi 90 K9K 608 90 hp (67 kW) at 4000 rpm 220 N·m (162 lb·ft) at 1750 rpm 178 km/h (111 mph) 11.7 s 3.4 l/100 km (83 mpg-imp) 90 g/km
1.5 8v Energy dCi 90 83g 180 km/h (112 mph) 12.1 s 3.2 l/100 km (88 mpg-imp) 83 g/km

Advertising[edit]

  • In the United Kingdom, the Clio was advertised on television using the characters "Nicole" (a flirtatious young French woman played by Estelle Skornik) and "Papa" (her somewhat slow-witted father played by Max Douchin). The 1994 advert featured Vincent Cassel as Nicole's boyfriend. The commercials were very popular and in the final one of the series it actually featured Bob Mortimer and Vic Reeves, in a sequence parodying The Graduate. In 2000, the 1991 commercial "Interesting" was named the 12th best television commercial of all time, in a poll conducted by The Sunday Times and Channel 4. Sound clips of the advert were played repeatedly on The Chris Moyles Show when it was discovered Comedy Dave and his girlfriend had named their newborn daughter Nicole.[citation needed]
  • In 1999, a television advert was launched worldwide for the Renault Clio MTV Limited edition featuring a man who was saying "Get up ah!" all the time, it was actually the only sound he can hear from a Clio passing in front of his house early in the morning, then the advert shows the five men inside the Clio and moving their heads to the rhythm of the James Brown song "Get Up (I Feel Like Being a) Sex Machine". Same advertising made in Argentina with the Clio II in 2000 with this song.[39]
  • The Clio II advertising campaign featured French model Hélène Mahieu, and French international footballer Thierry Henry for the Clio II facelift, both attempting to define the term va-va-voom, a term later defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as "The quality of being exciting, vigorous, or sexually attractive", although they state that it dates from the 1950s. In Brazil, the Clio had a trim level called Va Va Voom. The trim level has been discontinued. In Mexico, The Clio II's latest campaign reads "todo por mi Clio" (anything for my Clio), depicting one would give anything to keep one's Clio safe from danger.
  • The latest campaign to date for the Clio was for the Renault Clio III, which featured French actress Annelise Hesme and English actor Jeremy Sheffield as Sophie and Ben (respectively), trying to outdo each other over the superiority of each nation via a range of cultural aspects. This "France Vs Britain" (French car, British designers) campaign has been extended across a number of media, for example the "French Film, British Cinemas" tag for the annual Renault French Film Festival. The music used is Nina Simone's "Sinnerman".

Motorsport[edit]

Main article: Renault Clio Cup

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Renault’s New Clio III: Up to 53.5 MPG". Green Car Congress. 2005-06-26. Retrieved 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ a b "Model lineup: Renault Lutecia presentation" (in Japanese). Renault Japon. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "Mixed Results in the 1990s". Renault Argentina. Retrieved 11 September 2011. "The following year [1995] [...] the company responded by [...] introducing new models, including the mid-sized Mégane and the subcompact Clio." 
  4. ^ a b Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (10 March 1994). Automobil Revue 1994 (in German/French) 89. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 475. ISBN 3-444-00584-9. 
  5. ^ a b Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (5 March 1992). Automobil Revue 1992 (in German/French) 87. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 490. ISBN 3-444-00539-3. 
  6. ^ "Rewind to 1991: Renault Clio.". Quicks. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Frank Williams put his name on a Clio.". Ran When Parked. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 
  8. ^ "Renault Clio Campus Bye Bye". Renault. 2012-01-06. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  9. ^ "2004 Annual Report". Renault. 2005-04-25. p. 10. Retrieved 2012-01-28. 
  10. ^ "Renault en Argentina". Renault Argentina. Archived from the original on 2003-08-28. Retrieved 2011-09-26. "El lanzamiento de Mégane 2 en octubre de 1999 y de Clio 2 en marzo de 2000 rejuveneció la gama de productos nacionales." 
  11. ^ "Renault Clio - 5-doors, hatchback". Auto-types.com. Retrieved 2013-02-10. 
  12. ^ "Renault Clio". Euro NCAP. Retrieved 2013-02-10. 
  13. ^ "View Comparable". Euro NCAP. Retrieved 2013-02-10. 
  14. ^ "Renault Announces The Introduction Of The Clio Campus". Car Pages. 2005-10-23. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  15. ^ "Renault : Lance la nouvelle Clio Campus". Trading Sat. 2009-04-15. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  16. ^ "Clio Campus ByeBye". Renault France. Retrieved 2012-11-22. 
  17. ^ "Clio Storia". Renault Slovenia. Retrieved 2012-11-22. 
  18. ^ "El Renault Clio Mío saldrá a la venta en diciembre en la Argentina" (in Spanish). Autoblog.com.ar. 2012-10-22. Retrieved 2013-06-05. 
  19. ^ "2012 São Paulo Motor Show: Novo Clio, Fluence GT and D-Cross in the spotlight". Renault. 2012-10-22. Retrieved 2012-11-22. 
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  22. ^ "Renault denies Clio bonnet faults". What Car?. 2007-03-15. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  23. ^ "Whistleblower reveals car giant Renault's cover-up to Watchdog". The Market Oracle. 2007-03-28. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  24. ^ "CDN Frankfurt Motor Show 2005 - Page 4". Auto news and reviews. CarDesignNews.com. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  25. ^ "Car of the Year 2006: Renault Clio". Car of the year. 2005-11-21. Retrieved 2012-05-23. 
  26. ^ "All-new Clio gets Laguna look". Auto Express. 2008-02-24. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  27. ^ "Renault Clio III facelift with new Clio GT variant". Paul Tan. 2009-02-09. 
  28. ^ "Le Sorcier". CarsToday.in. 2010-06-21. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  29. ^ "Clio TCe 120 GT". auto-types.com. 
  30. ^ "Paris motor show: Renault Clio 4". Autocar. 2012-09-27. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  31. ^ "Renault Clio 4 Estate - Mondial 2012: Déjà l'heure du break". L'Automobile Magazine. 2012-09-27. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  32. ^ "L'usine de Flins démarre la production de la Clio IV, nouveau fer der lance de Renault". La Tribune. 2012-09-06. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  33. ^ "Renault Clio Estate". Renault. Retrieved 2012-11-29. "The Renault Clio Estate is built at the ISO 14001 certified Bursa plant in Turkey." 
  34. ^ "Renault Clio IV". AutoZine. 2012-10-31. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  35. ^ "R-Link". Renault. Retrieved 2012-10-21. 
  36. ^ "New Renault Clio: love-at-first-sight styling, and packed with innovations". Renault. 2012-07-03. Retrieved 2012-11-29. 
  37. ^ "Paris motor show: Renaultsport Clio". Autocar. 2012-09-28. Retrieved 2012-11-29. 
  38. ^ "Technical specifications. New Renault Clio". ClioIV.com. 2012-09-13. Retrieved 2012-11-29. 
  39. ^ "Renault Clio MTV - Get Up (2000, Argentina)". YouTube. 2011-09-01. Retrieved 2012-10-21. 

External links[edit]