Renault España

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Renault España Sociedad Anónima (RESA)
Type Subsidiary
Industry Automotive
Founded 2000 (2000)
Headquarters Valladolid, Spain[1]
Key people José Vicente de los Mozos
(CEO)
Production output Decrease 267,693 vehicles (2013)[2]
Revenue Increase 4.62 billion (2013)[2][3]
Employees 7,875 (December 2013)[2]
Parent Renault
Subsidiaries RECSA[2]
Website www.renault.es

Renault España Sociedad Anónima (pronounced: [reˈno esˈpaɲa soθjeˈðað aˈnonima] ( ) or [reˈnol]), also known by its acronym RESA (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈresa]), is one of the largest manufacturing subsidiaries of Renault. The Spain-based company has facilities in Valladolid, Palencia and Sevilla.[4] Renault sells its cars locally through the subsidiary RECSA.[1] The company emerged from the local automaker FASA, which assembled Renault cars since 1953.[5]

History[edit]

SAEAR[edit]

In 1908, Louis Renault founded in Spain the Sociedad Anónima Española de Automóviles Renault (Renault Automobiles Limited Company) or SAEAR, the second subsidiary outside the French territory after the English branch. The SAEAR maintained a sustained growth until the 1930s, when it gradually began to show results in deficit. It was affected by the proliferation of protectionist barriers, little demand and declining selling prices, factors that were aggravated by the Spanish Civil War and World War II. Despite the possibility of closing being considered on several occasions, Louis Renault chose to maintain its Spanish subsidiary with the hope the situation would improve. The company diversified its offer, adding the sale of tractors, buses, trucks, war supplying, fuel and other products. It also entered into the car rental market.[6]

In 1949, the 4CV success enabled the SAEAR to resume imports growth.

FASA, FASA-Renault and RESA[edit]

Renault España offices in Madrid.
See also: FASA-Renault

In 1950, a group of industrialists and businessmen led by Manuel Jiménez Alfaro, a military, and by Nicolás Franco, Francisco Franco's brother and ambassador in Portugal, request to the Régie Nationale des Usines Renault (RNUR) a license to assemble Renault-branded vehicles in Spain. At the same time, the group presented the project to the Valladolid's Department of Industry, considering that location ideal for the new factory. However, the project depended on the approval of both the Spanish government and the French national company, something difficult at a time where French-Spanish relationship was very damaged. At first, the Renault's President then, Pierre Lefaucheux, was opposed to the idea, but later he gave his support. As for the Spain government, the opposition came essentially from the fact that there was a project to create a state monopoly of the automotive industry through SEAT. Finally, all permissions were achieved in 1951.[6][7]

The production of the new company, Fabricación de Automóviles Sociedad Anónima (FASA) begun in 1953, and it assembled units of the 4CV model. SAEAR continued in charge of sales. In 1955, the facilities were expanded to produce cars entirely at the Valladolid plant. During this time were introduced the Renault Dauphine and the 4. In 1965, the Renault sales subsidiary, which had changed its name to Renault España Sociedad Anónima (RESA) and FASA were merged to form FASA-Renault. Renault had a stake of 49.9% in the new company. That same year two new factories were opened: FACSA and FAMESA, the first was dedicated to manufacture of bodywork elements, and the second to manufacture mechanical parts.[6][7] The company also purchases a factory in Sevilla, which was engaged in manufacturing gearboxes. In 1976, Renault became a major shareholder. In 1978 was completed the construction of a new factory in Palencia.[5] The company's commercial and manufacturing branches were split again in 1994, when Renault created Renault España Comercial Sociedad Anómima (RECSA) to manage car sales.[8]

In the year 2000 FASA-Renault became a wholly owned subsidiary of Renault, being called Renault España Sociedad Anónima.[5]

Factories[edit]

Valladolid[edit]

Cars[edit]

The Valladolid car assembly plant, which comprises two buildings covering 31.4 hectares,[9] As of 2014 produces the Captur,[10] and the Twizy.[4]

Engines[edit]

The Valladolid engine plant covers 14.5 hectares.[11] It manufactured 1,092,082 units in 2012.[3]

Palencia[edit]

The Palencia plant covers 30.4 hectares[12] and is one of the largest Mégane manufacturers in the world, with the 58 percent of the model production in 2011.[4]

Sevilla[edit]

The Sevilla plant manufactures gearboxes. It produced 1,011,308 units in 2012.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Company Overview: Renault España SA". businessweek.com. BusinessWeek. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d "2013 Registration Document" (PDF). Renault. pp. 14, 22, 24. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Calzada, Julio G. "Renault cierra 2012 con 44 millones de beneficio y 286.264 vehículos fabricados en España" [Renault closes 2012 with a 44 million profit and 286,264 vehicles assembled in Spain]. elnortedecastilla.es (in Spanish). El Norte de Castilla. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "5.036 millones, cifra de negocios de Renault España, con 85 de beneficio" [Renault Spain: 5,036 million euros revenue, 85 million profit] (in Spanish). Autoocasion.com. 14 June 2012. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c Kamp, Bart (2006). Location Behaviour and Relationship Stability in International Business Networks: Evidence from the Automotive Industry. Routledge Studies in Business Organizations and Networks. Routledge. pp. 109–112. ISBN 978-0-415-39962-3. 
  6. ^ a b c Sánchez Sánchez, Esther M. (2004). "La implantación industrial de Renault en España, los orígenes de FASA Renault. 1950-1970". Revista de Historia Económica (in Spanish) (Fundación SEPI: Centro de Estudios Constitucionales: Instituto Laureano Figuerola) XXII (1): 147–175. ISSN 0212-6109. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Fernández-de-Sevilla, Tomàs (2011). "Los origenes del cluster del automóvil de Valladolid: el papel de FASA como empresa lider, 1951–1965". In Catalán i Vidal, Jordi; Miranda, José Antonio. Distritos y clusters en la Europa del Sur [Districts and clusters in Southern Europe]. Historia Empresarial (in Spanish). Lid Editora. pp. 1857–1868. ISBN 978-8-483-56652-7. 
  8. ^ Munera Alemán, José Luis; Rodríguez Escudero, Ana Isabel, eds. (2000). "Renault (1990-2000)". Estrategias de Marketing para un Crecimiento Rentable: Casos Prácticos [Marketing Strategies for Profitable Growth: Case Studies] (in Spanish). ESIC Editora. p. 192. ISBN 84-7356-251-8. 
  9. ^ "VALLADOLID CARROSERIE MONTAGE - RESA". Renault. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2012. 
  10. ^ "Captur". Renault. Archived from the original on 5 December 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "VALLADOLID MOTORES - RESA". Renault. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2012. 
  12. ^ "PALENCIA - RESA". Renault. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2012.