Renault Master

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Renault Master
Renault Master IV front 20100501.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Renault
Production 1980-present
Body and chassis
Class Light commercial vehicle - van
Related Opel Movano (1997-present)

The Renault Master is an upper-medium size van produced by the French manufacturer Renault since 1980, now in its third generation. The (around the GVW 3.5 tonne segment) Opel has sold versions of the second and third series vans as the Opel Movano in mainland Europe and Vauxhall Movano in the United Kingdom. All three generations have been designed and manufactured by Renault, irrespective of the brand.

Over its lifetime several different body styles have been available, from the standard van to bigger models with an increased load area, height, and longer-wheelbases with an LWB prefix. Panel vans are very common, but pickups are also available.

The Master was also sold by Volvo owned Renault Trucks as the B90 and B110[citation needed] and later as the Mascott.

First generation (1980–1997)[edit]

First generation
Westcountry Ambulance M243OOL.jpg
Overview
Production 1980–1997
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine petrol
2.0 I4
2.2 I4
diesel
2.1 I4
2.5 I4
Transmission manual
5-speed

The original Renault Master was launched in 1980. Originally launched with the 2.5 L (2445cc) Fiat-Sofim diesel engine, and from 1984 with the 2.1 L (2068cc) power unit.[1] In rare cases the Master was sold with a 2.0 L or 2.2 L Renault petrol engine.

They competed with a number of other manufacturer's products, but also with the smallest models of Renault's own Dodge 50 Series, which was latterly being built as the Renault 50 Series after Renault's acquisition of the UK Dodge production facilities (at the time of Peugeot's take-over of Chrysler Europe). The smaller Renault Trafic was also launched in 1980 resulting in a large range of light commercial vehicles.

The Master was distinctively styled with the sliding door design and unusual round door handles similar to those of the Fiat Ritmo/Strada. The van was manufactured at Renault's then new SoVAB Batilly plant in northeastern France.[2]

Renault B series / Messenger[edit]

An alternative version, which appeared almost identical, was sold by Renault Trucks as the Renault B70 to B120, and came with a range of alternative body options. It was a light truck with a Renault Master I cab on a separate chassis, rear wheel-drive and rear dual wheels.

Although a 4x4 version of the B90 took part in the Paris Dakar Rally in 1987, the "civilian" version of the B90 4x4 truck was unveiled in 1990 only, and was sold until 1999. In 1993, the B series had a grille change and was renamed Messenger.

Second generation (1997–2010)[edit]

Second generation
Renault Master front 20080326.jpg
Overview
Also called Opel Movano
Vauxhall Movano
Nissan Interstar
Production 1997–2010
Assembly Batilly, France (SoVAB)
São José dos Pinhais, Brasil (Renault Brazil)
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine diesel
2.2 I4
2.5 I4
2.5 I4
2.8 I4
Transmission manual
5-speed
6-speed
automatic
6-speed Quickshift
Renault Master rear

The second generation Renault Master is more conventional in appearance and, though primarily developed by Renault, was available from 1998 as the almost identical Opel Movano (badged in the United Kingdom as the Vauxhall Movano), and from Renault's closely related partner Nissan, from whom it was available as the Nissan Interstar. This arrangement mirrors the collaboration between these companies on the Master's smaller counterpart, the Renault Trafic; within the industry, similar platform-sharing arrangements existed between Fiat and Peugeot/Citroen, and also between Volkswagen and Mercedes.

The Master used the Renault S-Type engine in SxU and SxW versions, the G-Type engine (G9T) and the YD engine. Displacements available (not across all chassis/body sizes) included 2.2, 2.5, and 2.8 litres with a range of power outputs.

The van received a mid-life major facelift in late 2003 with the headlight area being heavily restyled (together with cosmetic changes to rear lights, wing mirrors, and dashboard), resulting in the front end somewhat resembling the smaller Trafic. Like its predecessor, the van was available in a number of sizes and configurations, and was a popular base for conversion to ambulance bodywork.

Renault Mascott[edit]

Renault Mascott
Overview
Production 1999–2010
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 2.8 I4
3.0 I4
Transmission manual
5-speed
6-speed

Renault Trucks marketed a heavy duty 3.0 L diesel version of the Master and sold it as the Mascott.[3] Other names for this rear wheel drive (RWD) version are: Master Propulsion (France), Master Pro (The Netherlands).[4][5] Available in Europe between 1999 and 2010, it was positioned between the Master and the larger Renault Midlum.[6] It was available in two states of tune, either 120 bhp (89 kW; 122 PS) or 160 bhp (119 kW; 162 PS) with five and six speeds respectively.

Third generation (2010–present)[edit]

Third generation
Renault Master IV front 20100504.jpg
Overview
Also called Nissan NV400
Opel Movano
Vauxhall Movano
Production 2010–
Assembly Batilly, France (SoVAB)
São José dos Pinhais, Brasil (Renault Brazil)
Layout FF
FR
Powertrain
Engine diesel
2.3 I4
Transmission manual
6-speed
automatic
6-speed Quickshift

A new generation of the Renault Master was introduced in May 2010, again including the rebadged Opel/Vauxhall Movano and Nissan NV400. It is the first time that either the Opel/Vauxhall or Nissan has been available with single/twin rear wheel drive.

The 2.3-litre 4-cylinder diesel engine is shared by all four marques, and is available in three states of tune, from 100 PS (74 kW; 99 bhp) to 150 PS (110 kW; 148 bhp).

Renault Trucks discontinued the Mascott and sold the third generation Master in chassis cab format only, with payloads of up to 2.5 tonnes.[7]

In the UK, the Movano is available in a large range of height, length and weight configurations and capable of transporting up to 4,500 kg (9,900 lb).[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ HGV Parts Direct
  2. ^ Renault press release 26 February 2010
  3. ^ "Renault Mascott". fr.wikipedia.org (in French). Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "Renault Mascott / Master Pro". buzzybeeforum.nl (in Dutch). 26 April 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  5. ^ And also Master in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia and Slovenia, Master LDT in Belgium, Master Maxi in Poland and Master Propulsion in Spain, France, Italy and Réunion. Cf. "Master Propulsion II" (in French). renaultconcepts.online.fr. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  6. ^ Roadtransport.com 12 January 2010
  7. ^ Renault Trucks Master brochure
  8. ^ "Auto Express Movano 2010 review". AutoExpress.co.uk. AutoExpres.co.uk. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 

Links[edit]