|Founded||1976 (as Renault Sport)|
|Headquarters||Les Ulis, France|
|Key people||Patrice Ratti
Renault Sport Technologies, commonly known as Renault Sport (French pronunciation: [ʁəno spɔʁ]), Renaultsport or RST, is the motorsport, performance and special vehicles division of Renault. It was officially established in 1976 as a merger between the Alpine and Gordini competition departments. RST organises many Renault-backed one-make championships worldwide and is in charge of Renault group's official involvement in motor racing, except for Formula One.
- 1 History
- 2 Divisions
- 3 Sites
- 4 Activities
- 5 International
- 6 Renault in motorsport
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Renault Sport was created at the end of 1976, when Renault closed down the Alpine competition department (at that time, its main motorsport division), located at Dieppe, and moved all the racing activities to the Gordini factory at Viry-Châtillon, just outside Paris. The Dieppe-based Alpine department was specialised on the construction of race cars' chassis while the Viry-Châtillon-based Gordini was centred on engines. However, several conflicts emerged between them, and Renault took the decision to unify both departments into a single location in order to achieve a greater integration and harmony. The company centred principally in developing a car for Formula One, although it also participated in other series.
Gordini-tuned Renault cars won many rallies during the 1950s and 1960s and Alpine, being a subsidiary of Renault, won the first World Rally Championship (WRC) in 1973. In the WRC, Renault had some success with cars such as the R5 Turbo and the R17 Gordini until it left the international rally in late 1994 (although it continued competing in national and promotional rally series).
Renault's WRC summary
|1974†||Press-on-Regardless Rally: Jean-Luc Thérier (Renault 17 Gordini)||10th||23|
|1981||Monte Carlo Rally: Jean Ragnotti (Renault 5 Turbo)||7th||61|
|1982||Tour de Corse: Jean Ragnotti (Renault 5 Turbo)||6th||34|
|1985||Tour de Corse: Jean Ragnotti (Renault 5 Maxi Turbo)||6th||38|
|1986||Rally of Portugal: Joaquim Moutinho (Renault 5 Turbo)||7th||14|
|1989||Rallye Côte d'Ivoire: Alain Oreille (Renault 5 GT Turbo)||7th||30|
† Not under Renault Sport assistance.
In 1979, the Marreau brothers arrived at second place in the cars category at the Rally Dakar driving a Sinpar-prepared 4L 4x4. They won the 1982 edition with a Renault Sport backed Renault 20 Turbo 4x4. Later, Renault Sport motorised and sponsored the Schlesser-Renault Elf buggies which won the 1999 and 2000 editions. The 1999 car was the first two-wheel drive Dakar's winner.
From 1977 to 1986 and again between 1989 and 1997, Renault Sport was in charge of Renault's Formula One programme. Renault Sport F1, created at the end of 2010, is the current incarnation of Renault's involvement in Formula One and is headquartered in Viry-Châtillon, which functions as a semi-independent operation. As of 2013[update] its CEO is Jean-Michel Jalinier. He reports directly to Renault's CEO.
Alpine constructed various chassis and prepared engines for Formula Two (F2). In 1973, Renault-Gordini (later Renault Sport) introduced a two-litre V6 engine for F2, the CH, which was the basis of its future Le Mans and F1 engines. Jean-Pierre Jabouille and René Arnoux won the 1976 and 1977 European Formula Two Championships with Renault-powered cars.
Results of Renault Sport as an engine supplier
(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)
|Écurie Elf||Martini 16/19||Renault-Gordini CH1|
|Equipe Elf Switzerland||Jabouille 2J||Jean-Pierre Jabouille||Ret||14||1||6||3||4||2||1||4||2||Ret||1||1st||53|
(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)
|Écurie Renault Elf||Martini 22||Renault-Gordini CH1|
|Willi Kauhsen Renault Elf Racing Team||Kauhsen (Jabouille 2J)||Michel Leclère||Ret||Ret||Ret||DNS||Ret||Ret||DNS||DNQ||15||DNQ||10||—||0|
|Mario da Silva||DNQ||—||0|
Note: During this season also competed Renault-powered cars of the Scuderia Everest, although those were not supplied by Renault Sport.
Gordini and Alpine-tuned Renault engines were used in various Formula Three (F3) series since the 1960s. Alpine (a partially owned subsidiary of Renault since 1973) also developed cars for the category. In 1979, Alain Prost won the FIA European Formula Three Championship with a Renault engine prepared by Oreca. The last victory of a Renault engine before its retirment from the series at the end of 2003 was in the 2003 Macau Grand Prix with a Sodemo-tuned unit from a Signature Team's Dallara car driven by Nicolas Lapierre.
Renault Sport Technologies announced its return to F3 as an engine supplier with Oreca again as engine tuner for the 2014 FIA European Formula Three Championship.
In 1994, Renault discontinued the Alpine marque, badging since then its sport cars manufactured at the Dieppe factory as Renault Sport. Renault Sport models are also produced at Renault Spain's Palencia factory (Mégane Renault Sport) and, since 2012, at Renault Argentina's Santa Isabel (Fluence GT).
- Clio GT
- Clio Renault Sport
- Megane GT/GT Line
- Megane Renault Sport
- Twingo Renault Sport
- Fluence GT (only South America)
RST is in charge of the conception and manufacturing of the Gordini-badged sport cars and also of modifying cars and vans for special purposes (transporting people with reduced mobility, driving school cars, business fleets) through its division Renault Tech.
- Les Ulis (headquarters, marketing, development)
- Dieppe (car manufacturing)
- Heudebouville (special purpose vehicles manufacturing) 
- Manufacturer of limited edition sport and special purpose models
- Competitor in motorsport events (excluding Formula One), for example:
- Rally and track cars
- Organisation of single-model vehicle championships
- Organiser or/and sponsor of the Formula Renault national championships.
- Organiser of the World Series by Renault: World Series Formula Renault 3.5, Eurocup Mégane Trophy and Eurocup Formula Renault
- Renault Merchandising - For the sale of Renault sport related merchandise.
- Former shareholder in SMA Engines; an aircraft engine manufacturer, an alliance of RST, EADS and SAFRAN.
Renault Sport organises several national and international one-make racing championships.
- Formula Renault 3.5L, 2.0L and 1.6L
- Renault Clio Cup and Renault Eurocup
- Renault Maxi
- Dacia Logan Cup
Renault in motorsport
Renault is also involved in other racing series but not as Renault Sport.
- Renault Clio
- Renault Mégane/Renault Fluence
- Renault Spider :
- Spanish GT Championship (1999?-2000?)
- Renault 8 Gordini :
- Renault 4CV
- "Formula Renault 3.5 Series. 2012 Sporting Regulations" (PDF). Formula Renault 3.5. p. 2. Archived from the original on 14 November 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
- "My Megane Superstar" (PDF). Renault Sport Facebook Page. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
- "Jean Redele". Grandprix.com. August 15, 2007. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
- "RENAULT WIND A COMPACT, INVENTIVE, FUN TO DRIVE COUPE-ROADSTER". Conceptcarz.co.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- "Renault Wind: Manufacturer's latest creation is a sub-B-segment roadster with a rotating roof". Ae-plus.com. 31 October 2010. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- "Renaultsport Announces UK Twingo R1 and R2 Trophies from 2012". Autoevolution.com. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- Smith, Roy P (2010). "The Winds of Change: 1974–1979". Alpine Renault: – The fabulous berlinettes. Veloce Publishing. pp. 180–181. ISBN 978-1-845844-04-2.
- "Renault Sport Technologies". Renault Group's Motorsport website. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
- "CONSTRUCTORS: RENAULT F1". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- "Viry-Châtillon: 30 years of innovation and expertise". Pitpass.com. December 12, 2006. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- "RS Cup" (in French). Clio RS Cup. Archived from the original on 26 September 2013. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
- "Renault Manufacturer Profile & Rally History". Rallye-info.com. Archived from the original on 16 May 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- "Renault Sport signs up for the FIA European Rally Championship". Renault Group motorsport website. 21 February 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- "Renault seals ERC partnership with Michelin and Elf". Renault Group motorsport website. 21 February 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- "RENAULT 20 4X4 PARIS-DAKAR". Renault.com. Archived from the original on 8 April 2012. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- "Renault Buggy – Dakar 1999". Renaultclub.cz. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- "List of Dakar Rally Car, Truck and Moto Champions". Whoholdsthetitle.com. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- "Dakar – Cairo 2000. The Schlesser-Renault-Elf team out in strength". Renault.com. Archived from the original on 16 May 2012. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- "Renault and F1". Renault. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- "Jean-Michel Jalinier will replace Bernard Rey as Renault Sport F1 president". autosport.com (Autosport). 8 November 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- "Renault launches Renault Sport F1. Genii Capital and Group Lotus join forces in Lotus Renault GP". International press website of the Renault Group. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
- "RENAULT MAINTAINS ITS COMMITMENT TO F1 AND ANNOUNCES THE CREATION OF RENAULT SPORT F1". Renault. 8 December 2010. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- Smith, Roy P (2010). "The Second Coming". Alpine and Renault: The Sports Prototypes, 1973–1978. Alpine & Renault: The Sports Prototypes 2. Veloce Publishing. pp. 15–22. ISBN 978-1-84584-226-0.
- "Two big names to return to Formula 3 stage". Flagword.com. 12 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
- "Renault gears up for Formula 3 return with ORECA". autosport.com (Autosport). 15 October 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
- O'Leary, Jamie (12 November 2013). "Renault announces its return to Formula 3 with ORECA". autosport.com (Autosport). Retrieved 13 November 2013.
- Long, Brian (2008). "1978". Porsche Racing Cars: 1976 to 2005. Veloce Publishing. p. 51. ISBN 978-1-90478-845-4.
- "Dacia Duster Pikes Peak racer revealed". Top Gear (BBC). 29 May 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
- "Sport Divisions in the Spotlight - Renault Sport". Autoevolution.com. Archived from the original on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- "Mégane Renault Sport". Renault. Archived from the original on 27 September 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
- "Renault Fluence GT 2013: “La exacta combinación de Performance y Diseño”" [Renault Fluence GT:The exact combination of Performance and Design"] (in Spanish). InfoAuto.com. Retrieved 17 December 2012.
- "Renault Sport range". Renault. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
- "HEUDEBOUVILLE - RENAULT TECH". Renault. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "RENAULT TECH". Renault. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Renault Sport UK Race Calendar Finalised". Renault Sport UK. 12 November 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- "Renault Sport presentó su equipo de Super TC2000. Ahora se viene el de Rally?" (in Spanish). Rallynoticias.com. 16 January 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "About". Renault Sport Italia. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- TC2000 Historia tc2000.com.ar
- Springbok Series classicscars.com
- 24 Hours of Le Mans classicscars.com
- Alpine (car) wikipedia.org
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Renault Sport.|
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