|Designer||Patrick le Quément (Twingo I)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||3-door hatchback (Twingo I & II)
5-door hatchback (Twingo III)
|Layout||Front-engine, front-wheel-drive (Twingo I & II)
Rear-engine, rear-wheel-drive (Twingo III)
The first generation Twingo (two-door, front engine) debuted at the Paris Motor Show in September 1992, receiving its formal market launch in continental European markets beginning in 1993. Renault launched the second generation Twingo (two-door, front engine) in the summer of 2007 — and the third generation (rear-engine four-door) debuted at the 2014 Geneva Motor Show — receiving its formal market launch in September 2014.
- 1 Twingo I (1992–2007)
- 2 Twingo II (2007–2014)
- 3 Twingo III (2014–)
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Twingo I (1992–2007)
|Assembly||Flins, France (Flins Plant)
Envigado, Colombia (Sofasa)
Valladolid, Spain (Renault Spain)
|Engine||1.0 L D7D I4 (petrol)
1.2 L C3G I4 (petrol)
1.2 L D7F I4 (petrol)
1.2 L D4F I4 (petrol)
|Wheelbase||2,345 mm (92.3 in)|
|Length||3,430 mm (135.0 in)|
|Width||1,630 mm (64.2 in)|
|Height||1,420 mm (55.9 in)|
|Curb weight||from 790 kg (1,742 lb)|
Designed under the direction of Patrick le Quément, Renault's chief designer. The car derived from a series of concepts developed through the W60 project when Gaston Juchet was Renault's chief designer. The project was aimed at replacing the Renault 4 with a minivan model. Le Quément chose a Jean-Pierre Ploué design to develop the production version. He included an unconventional front-end layout resembling a "smile." The interior equipment was mounted on a central console to free space.
Renault had participated in the 1981-1984 'Mono-Box' ECO 2000 car project along with PSA Peugeot-Citroën and the French government.
The Twingo I electronic centrally-mounted instrument panel had a speedometer, fuel gauge, clock, odometer and trip recorder controlled via a stalk-located button. A strip of warning lights was located behind the steering wheel. The rear seat featured a sliding mechanism to enable either increased boot space or rear seat legroom. The boot parcel shelf was attached to the inside of the tailgate and lifted with the tailgate — or could clip back against the rear window when not required.
All first-generation models were equipped with straight-4 petrol engines. Initially available with an 8-valve 1.2-litre 55 hp (41 kW) engine, it was replaced with an 8-valve 1.15-litre 60 hp (45 kW) unit. A 16-valve 75 hp (56 kW) version was added in 2000.
Manufactured at the Flins Renault Factory from the time of its launch until June 2007, the Twingo I was also manufactured in Colombia and Uruguay from 1997 to 2003, remaining in production into 2012 in Colombia, by the Sofasa conglomerate, strictly for the South American market.
- Twingo I Safety
- Adult Occupant: , score 23
- Pedestrian: , score 11
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2014)|
||This section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (April 2014)|
- April 1993: Launched with only one trim level, and four exterior colours, coral red, Indian yellow, coriander green and overseas blue, at a price of 55,000FF.
- June 1994: New exterior colours introduced and minor interior changes.
- October 1994: Easy model launched, with a semi automatic gearbox.
- September 1995: The first of many special editions model launched. Airbags become optional.
- July 1996: New engine of 1149 cc from the Clio fitted to replace the previous engine from the Renault 5. Also, various improvements made including the addition of a third brake light.
- July 1998: First major restyling—revisions to interior and dashboard, revised front and rear lights; front orange indicator lights removed.
- October 1998: Top of the range Initiale model launched.
- September 2000: Second major restyling—larger 14" wheels, revised door trims with larger door pockets, the lock to open the trunk/boot is now black instead of shiny silver, cup holders are added in front of gearstick.
- December 2000: 1.2 litre 16v engine launched, with 75 hp (56 kW).
- April 2001: Semi automatic gearbox launched, called Quickshift.
- September 2002: Further revisions—new interior trims and wheel covers.
- September 2004: Third major revision—Renault logo fitted to bootlid, side rubbing strips fitted and new exterior colours launched.
- June 2007: Production and sales end in Europe, to be replaced by the Twingo 2.
Twingo II (2007–2014)
|Assembly||Novo Mesto, Slovenia (Renault Slovenia)|
|Body and chassis|
|Platform||Alliance B platform|
|Engine||1.2 L D7F I4 (petrol)
1.2 L D4F I4 (petrol)
1.2 L D4FT turbo I4 (petrol)
1.6 L K4M-RS I4 (petrol)
1.5 L K9K I4 (diesel)
|Wheelbase||2,365 mm (93.1 in)|
|Length||3,600 mm (141.7 in)|
|Width||1,655 mm (65.2 in)|
|Height||1,470 mm (57.9 in)|
|Curb weight||from 1,000 kg (2,205 lb)|
After presenting an initial concept at the 2006 Mondial de l'Automobile, Renault debuted the production Twingo II at the 2007 Geneva Motor Show with French market trim levels named Authentique, Expression, Initiale, Dynamique and GT. Using the floorpan of the Renault Clio II, the Twingo II offered improved crash protection and was available in LHD & RHD configurations. Production began in France and subsequently moved to the Revoz plant in Novo Mesto, Slovenia.
In January 2008, Renault debuted the Twingo Renaultsport 133, with a new 133 hp (100 kW) 1,598 cc engine, at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show. In August 2013, ordering and production of the 133 model ended.
In July 2011, Renault debuted a facelifted Twingo II at the Frankfurt Motor Show, featuring a design language subsequently used on their entire range and offering revised fascias as well as redesigned front and rear light clusters.
On series 14 episode 4 of Top Gear, presenter Jeremy Clarkson road tested the Twingo 133 on Belfast streets and barrel-rolled upside down through a sewage tunnel. After numerous accidents, he raced to catch a departing ferry, instead landing in the ocean.
On 16 March 2011, the Renault Twingo won the "best city car award" in the Parkers' New Car Awards.
Special editions included the Twingo Renaultsport Gordini; Twingo Gordini TCe 100; Twingo Bizu; Twingo Pzaz; Twingo Renaultsport Silverstone GP (UK-only); Twingo Miss Sixty; and Twingo Renaultsport Red Bull RB7.
- Twingo II Safety
- Adult Occupant: , score 28
- Pedestrian: , score 11
|1.2 D7F||I4||1149 cc||61 PS (45 kW; 60 hp) at 6100 rpm||93 N·m (69 lb·ft) at 4250 rpm||132 g/km|
|1.2 D4F||I4||1149 cc||76 PS (56 kW; 75 hp) at 5500 rpm||105 N·m (77 lb·ft) at 4250 rpm||135 g/km|
|1.2 D4FT (turbo)||I4||1149 cc||101 PS (74 kW; 100 hp) at 5500 rpm||145 N·m (107 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm||140 g/km|
|1.6 K4M-RS||I4||1598 cc||135 PS (99 kW; 133 hp) at 6751 rpm||160 N·m (118 lb·ft) at 4400 rpm||160 g/km|
|1.5 dCi||I4||1461 cc||85 PS (63 kW; 84 hp) at 4000 rpm||160 N·m (118 lb·ft) at 1700 rpm||113 g/km|
Twingo III (2014–)
|Assembly||Novo Mesto, Slovenia (Renault Slovenia)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||5-door hatchback|
|Engine||0.9 L H-Type I3 TCe
1.0 L H-type I3
|Wheelbase||2,490 mm (98.0 in)|
|Length||3,590 mm (141.3 in)|
|Width||1,640 mm (64.6 in)|
|Height||1,550 mm (61.0 in)|
The third generation of the Renault Twingo debuted in March 2014 at the Geneva Motor Show. The model includes a five-door body style, and rear-engine, rear-wheel-drive transmission, co-developed with Daimler's Smart division. Sharing the same platform as the forthcoming Smart Forfour, the two vehicles are manufactured at the same factory in Novo Mesto, Slovenia.
The Twingo III was photographed under testing in September 2013. It resembles the Twin'Z concept unveiled in April 2013 and the Twin'Run concept, presented in May 2013, at the Formula 1 Grand Prix in Monaco. The third-generation Twingo entered into production in May 2014 at Novo Mesto and was launched into the European market in September.
Design and development
In 2010, Renault and Daimler, as part of their existing partnership, announced the "Project Edison", a collaboration aimed at conceiving a shared platform for small city cars from both companies. The first cars made using the platform were the third-generation Twingo and the second-generation Smart Forfour. In these two, Renault and Daimler invested equally during the research and development phase, but then Renault specialised more in engines and Daimler in transmissions on the next stages. Both companies tried to ensure a distinctive design. Renault designers took inspiration from the Renault 5 and the first-generation Twingo, while incorporating Laurens van den Acker's cycle of life design styling. The car was originally launched with four colour options as with the original Twingo.
The Twingo III is about 100 mm shorter than the Twingo II. The rear-engine layout improves the manoeuvrability and the cabin space, but reduced the boot capacity. The suspension is composed by MacPherson struts on the front axle and a De Dion tube on the rear. The car uses a five-door architecture, which differences it from its three-door predecessors. Brakes are ventilated disks on the front and drums on the rear.
The car has three trim levels: Expression, Play and Dynamique, with various packs for customisation. Between its optionals it allows to use the smarthone as an instrument panel (R&Go) and has an infotainment system (R-Link).
As standard, the car incorporates tyre pressure sensors, seatbelts reminders, four airbags and four head and chest side airbags. It achieved a 4-star Euro NCAP test rating in 2014.
|Euro NCAP test results|
|Renault Twingo (2014)|
|Engine||Code||Displacement||Power||Torque||Top speed||0-62 mph||Combined consumption||CO
|Sce 70||H4D 400||999 cc||52 kW (71 hp) at 6,000 rpm||91 N·m (67 lb·ft) at 2,850 rpm||151 km/h (94 mph)||14.5 s||4.5 l/100 km (63 mpg-imp)||105 g/km|
|Sce 70 Stop & Start||H4D 400||999 cc||52 kW (71 hp) at 6,000 rpm||91 N·m (67 lb·ft) at 2,850 rpm||151 km/h (94 mph)||14.5 s||4.2 l/100 km (67 mpg-imp)||95 g/km|
|Energy Tce 90 Stop & Start||H4Bt 401||898 cc||66 kW (90 hp) at 5,500 rpm||135 N·m (100 lb·ft) at 2,500 rpm||165 km/h (103 mph)||10.8 s||4.3 l/100 km (66 mpg-imp)||99 g/km|
In February 2014, Renault organised a "strip-tweet" online event to promote the Twingo III. The manufacturer commissioned to Publicis the conception of the car's European advertising. Publicis hired French artists and animators Olivier Kuntzel and Françoise Deygas for the design of the visual campaign with the theme "Go Anywhere, Go Everywhere."
The Twingo III has received positive reviews in the UK. Paul Horrell of Top Gear magazine gave the car a score of seven out of 10, calling it: "a genuinely different approach to design and engineering that has brought real dividends, not just in being different for its own sake. Most important, it's much more fun than a base-model supermini for the same cash." Auto Express and its sister publication CarBuyer scored it four out of five stars, praising its maneuverability, design, and rear passenger space but criticizing its wind noise and high price compared to its rivals. What Car? gave the car three out of five stars, saying: "The Renault Twingo mixes cheeky retro styling with genuine practicality. It’s neither as refined nor as comfortable as the best city cars, though."
The third-generation Twingo was previewed through two concepts, the Twin'Z and the Twin'Run.
The Twin'Z is a city car concept unveiled in April 2013. Its styling was created in partnership with British designer Ross Lovegrove. According to Renault's chief designer Laurens van den Acker, the purpose of its introduction was to "break down the boundaries between the world of an object whose calling is to be in movement - the automobile - and that of furniture." The concept has a rear-wheel drive layout and is powered by an electric motor with a 67 hp (49 kW) power ouptut and a torque of 167 lb·ft (226 N·m). It has not B-pillar or dashboard.
The Twin'Run is a rear-wheel drive hot hatch concept developed by Renault with assistance of Tork Engineering and Poclain Véhicules, unveiled in May 2013. It is powered by a mid-mounted V6 engine with 320 hp (235 kW), coupled to a twin-clutch six-speed sequential gearbox and limited-slip differential. It has double-wishbone independent suspension on both axles. The chassis is a tubular steel frame inspired by the Mégane Thropy.
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- "Renault Twingo 1 (1992): design history". Car Body Design. 2007-03-21.
- Meiners, Jens (2014-01-06). "20 years on, Patrick Le Quément exposes the political battles and design decisions behind the Renault Twingo". Car Design News. Retrieved 2014-10-02.
- "ECO 2000 - Citroenet". Retrieved 2010-01-07.
- "Uruguay es interesante para la producción de autopartes y de vehículos". Espectador.com. 2007-03-14.
- "Historic Models - Renault Twingo". Renault.com. Retrieved 2012-11-22.
- "2010 Registration document". Renault.com. 2011-04-18.
- "Roadcars - Twingo Renaultsport". Renaultsport.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
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- "'Parkers New Car Awards". Parkers.co.uk. 2011-03-16.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Renault Twingo.|
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|City car||4||Twingo I||Twingo II||Twingo III|
|Supermini||5 / 7||Super 5||Clio Symbol||Symbol II|
|Clio I||Clio II||Clio III||Clio IV|
|Small family car||14||9 / 11||19||Fluence|
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