Renault Twingo

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Renault Twingo
Renault Twingo II front.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Renault
Production 1992–present
Designer Patrick le Quément (Twingo I)
Body and chassis
Class City car
Body style 3-door hatchback (Twingo I & II)
5-door hatchback (Twingo III)
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive (Twingo I & II)
Rear-engine, rear-wheel-drive (Twingo III)
Chronology
Predecessor Renault 4

The Renault Twingo is a front engined, two-door, four passenger city car manufactured and marketed by French automaker Renault, now entering its third generation. Renault presented the first generation Twingo at the Paris Motor Show in September 1992 with marketing in continental European markets beginning in 1993. The second generation Twingo was launched in summer 2007 — and the third generation, which has not entered production, debuted at the 2014 Geneva Motor Show.

Twingo is a portmanteau of the words Twist, Swing and Tango.[1]

Twingo I (1992–2007)[edit]

Twingo I
Renault Twingo front 20080709.jpg
Overview
Production 1992–2007 (France)
1997–2003 (Uruguay)
1995–2012 (Colombia)
Assembly Flins, France (Flins Plant)
Montevideo, Uruguay
Envigado, Colombia (Sofasa)
Valladolid, Spain (Renault Spain)
Powertrain
Engine 1.0 L D7D I4 (petrol)
1.2 L C3G I4 (petrol)
1.2 L D7F I4 (petrol)
1.2 L D4F I4 (petrol)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,345 mm (92.3 in)
Length 3,430 mm (135.0 in)
Width 1,630 mm (64.2 in)
Height 1,420 mm (55.9 in)
Curb weight from 790 kg (1,742 lb)

The original Twingo was launched in April 1993, was sold in Europe's LHD markets until June 2007 and received intermediate restylings in 1998, 2000 and 2004.

Interior of the 1993–1998 Twingo I
Interior of the 1998–2000 Twingo I

Designed under the direction of Patrick le Quément, Renault's chief designer, the original Twingo resembled the one-box or mono-box silhouette of the 1982 Polish prototype Beskid. Renault borrowed the design when the Polish company making the Beskid, FSM, didn't extend its patent.[2][3] Renault had participated in the 1981-1984 'Mono-Box' ECO 2000 car project along with PSA Peugeot-Citroën and the French government.[4] This inspired a mono-box design intended for the Citroën AX that didn't make production, after negative reactions in focus groups.[5]

The Twingo I featured an electronic centrally-mounted instrument panel with a speedometer, fuel gauge, clock, odometer and trip recorder controlled via a stalk-located button. A strip of warning lights was located behind the steering wheel. The rear seat featured a sliding mechanism to enable either increased boot space or rear seat legroom. The boot parcel shelf was attached to the inside of the tailgate and lifted with the tailgate — or could clip back against the rear window when not required.

All first-generation models were equipped with straight-4 petrol engines. Initially available with an 8-valve 1.2-litre 55 hp (41 kW) engine, it was replaced with an 8-valve 1.15-litre 60 hp (45 kW) unit. A 16-valve 75 hp (56 kW) version was added in 2000.

Manufactured at the Flins Renault Factory from the time of its launch until June 2007, the Twingo I was also manufactured in Colombia and Uruguay from 1997 to 2003,[6] remaining in production into 2012 in Colombia, by the Sofasa conglomerate, strictly for the South American market.

Twingo I Safety

EuroNCAP results:

  • Adult Occupant: 3/5 stars, score 23
  • Pedestrian: 2/4 stars, score 11

Timeline[edit]

  • April 1993: Launched with only one trim level, and four exterior colours, coral red, Indian yellow, coriander green and overseas blue, at a price of 55,000FF.
  • June 1994: New exterior colours introduced and minor interior changes.
  • October 1994: Easy model launched, with a semi automatic gearbox.
  • September 1995: The first of many special editions model launched. Airbags become optional.
  • July 1996: New engine of 1149 cc from the Clio fitted to replace the previous engine from the Renault 5. Also, various improvements made including the addition of a third brake light.
  • July 1998: First major restyling—revisions to interior and dashboard, revised front and rear lights; front orange indicator lights removed.
  • October 1998: Top of the range Initiale model launched.
  • September 2000: Second major restyling—larger 14" wheels, revised door trims with larger door pockets, the lock to open the trunk/boot is now black instead of shiny silver, cup holders are added in front of gearstick.
  • December 2000: 1.2 litre 16v engine launched, with 75 hp (56 kW).
  • April 2001: Semi automatic gearbox launched, called Quickshift.
  • September 2002: Further revisions—new interior trims and wheel covers.
  • September 2004: Third major revision—Renault logo fitted to bootlid, side rubbing strips fitted and new exterior colours launched.
  • June 2007: Production and sales end in Europe, to be replaced by the Twingo 2.

Twingo II (2007–2014)[edit]

Twingo II
Renault Twingo front 20080402.jpg
Overview
Production 2007–present
Assembly Novo Mesto, Slovenia (Renault Slovenia)
Body and chassis
Platform Alliance B platform
Related Renault Wind
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L D7F I4 (petrol)
1.2 L D4F I4 (petrol)
1.2 L D4FT turbo I4 (petrol)
1.6 L K4M-RS I4 (petrol)
1.5 L K9K I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
5-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,365 mm (93.1 in)
Length 3,600 mm (141.7 in)
Width 1,655 mm (65.2 in)
Height 1,470 mm (57.9 in)
Curb weight from 1,000 kg (2,205 lb)
Rear of the Twingo II

After presenting an initial concept at the 2006 Mondial de l'Automobile, Renault debuted the production Twingo II at the 2007 Geneva Motor Show with French market trim levels named Authentique, Expression, Initiale, Dynamique and GT. Using the floorpan of the Renault Clio II,[7] the Twingo II offered improved crash protection and was available in LHD & RHD configurations. Production began in France and subsequently moved to the Revoz plant in Novo Mesto, Slovenia.[8]

Renault Twingo II, facelift

In January 2008, Renault debuted the Twingo Renaultsport 133,[9] with a new 133 hp (100 kW) 1,598 cc engine, at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show. In August 2013, ordering and production of the 133 model ended.[10]

In July 2011, Renault debuted a facelifted Twingo II at the Frankfurt Motor Show, featuring a design language subsequently used on their entire range[11] and offering revised fascias as well as redesigned front and rear light clusters.[12]

On series 14 episode 4 of Top Gear, presenter Jeremy Clarkson road tested the Twingo 133 on Belfast streets and barrel-rolled upside down through a sewage tunnel. After numerous accidents, he raced to catch a departing ferry, instead landing in the ocean.[13][14]

On 16 March 2011, the Renault Twingo won the "best city car award" in the Parkers' New Car Awards.[15]

Special editions included the Twingo Renaultsport Gordini; Twingo Gordini TCe 100; Twingo Bizu; Twingo Pzaz;[16] Twingo Renaultsport Silverstone GP (UK-only);[17] Twingo Miss Sixty;[18] and Twingo Renaultsport Red Bull RB7.[19]

Twingo II Safety

EuroNCAP results:[20]

  • Adult Occupant: 4/5 stars, score 28
  • Pedestrian: 2/4 stars, score 11

Engines[edit]

Petrol engines
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque Note CO2 emission
1.2 D7F I4 1149 cc 61 PS (45 kW; 60 hp) at 6100 rpm 93 N·m (69 lb·ft) at 4250 rpm 132 g/km
1.2 D4F I4 1149 cc 76 PS (56 kW; 75 hp) at 5500 rpm 105 N·m (77 lb·ft) at 4250 rpm 135 g/km
1.2 D4FT (turbo) I4 1149 cc 101 PS (74 kW; 100 hp) at 5500 rpm 145 N·m (107 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 140 g/km
1.6 K4M-RS I4 1598 cc 135 PS (99 kW; 133 hp) at 6751 rpm 160 N·m (118 lb·ft) at 4400 rpm 160 g/km
Diesel engine
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque Note CO2 emission
1.5 dCi I4 1461 cc 66 PS (49 kW; 65 hp) at 4000 rpm 160 N·m (118 lb·ft) at 1700 rpm 113 g/km


Twingo III (2014–)[edit]

Twingo III
Renault Twingo III 02.JPG
Overview
Production 2014–present
Assembly Novo Mesto, Slovenia (Renault Slovenia)
Body and chassis
Class City car
Body style 5-door hatchback
Layout Rear-engine, Rear-wheel-drive[21][22]
Related Smart Forfour
Powertrain
Engine Petrol engine
3 cylinders 1.0 SCe 71 ch
3 cylinders 0.9 TCe 90 ch
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,490 mm (98.0 in)
Length 3,590 mm (141.3 in)
Width 1,640 mm (64.6 in)
Height 1,550 mm (61.0 in)

The third generation of the Renault Twingo debuted in March 2014 at the Geneva Motor Show.[23] The model includes a five-door body style,[24] and rear-engine, rear-wheel-drive transmission,[22] co-developed with Daimler's Smart division.[25] Sharing the same platform as the forthcoming Smart Forfour, the two vehicles will be manufactured at the same factory in Novo Mesto, Slovenia.[22]

The Twingo III was photographed under testing in September 2013,[25] and resembles the Renault Twin'Run concept car,[25] presented in May 2013, at the Formula 1 Grand Prix in Monaco.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Twist, Swing and Tango — it's the new Renault Twingo". MotorTorque.com. 
  2. ^ "Renault Twingo 1 (1992): design history". Car Body Design. 2007-03-21. 
  3. ^ "Beskid". Automobile Histories & Images. 1996-09-03. 
  4. ^ "ECO 2000 - Citroenet". Retrieved 2010-01-07. 
  5. ^ "Citroën S9 - AX prototypes - Citroënet". Retrieved 2012-03-02. 
  6. ^ "Uruguay es interesante para la producción de autopartes y de vehículos". Espectador.com. 2007-03-14. 
  7. ^ "Historic Models - Renault Twingo". Renault.com. Retrieved 2012-11-22. 
  8. ^ "2010 Registration document". Renault.com. 2011-04-18. 
  9. ^ "Roadcars - Twingo Renaultsport". Renaultsport.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  10. ^ "The Renault Twingo RS is dead". Top Gear. 2013-08-01. Retrieved 2013-08-01. 
  11. ^ "Renault previews new Twingo ahead of world debut". Renault.co.uk. 2011-07-28. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  12. ^ "First pic: new Twingo preview". Top Gear. 2011-07-28. Retrieved 2011-08-07. 
  13. ^ "How Belfast Bent Over Backwards for ''Top Gear''". Belfast Telegraph. 2009-10-10. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  14. ^ "''Top Gear'', Belfast and a Renault Twingo". CarsUK.net. 2009-12-06. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  15. ^ "'Parkers New Car Awards". Parkers.co.uk. 2011-03-16. 
  16. ^ "Pzaz Limited Edition". Renault.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  17. ^ "Twingo Renaultsport 133". Renaultsport.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  18. ^ "MZine Miss Sixty". Miss Sixty. Retrieved 2011-10-24. 
  19. ^ "Renault Twingo RS Red Bull edition". Dennis Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 2013-02-11. 
  20. ^ "Renault Twingo". Euro NCAP. Retrieved 2007-09-07. 
  21. ^ http://new-twingo.renault.co.uk/uk_UK
  22. ^ a b c http://www.autocar.co.uk/car-news/scoop/new-renault-twingo-spotted
  23. ^ http://www.just-auto.com/news/global-debuts-list-citroen-c1-peugeot-108-toyota-aygo-added_id140598.aspx
  24. ^ http://www.carscoops.com/2013/06/next-renault-twingo-to-only-be.html
  25. ^ a b c http://www.autoevolution.com/news/spyshots-all-new-renault-twingo-spotted-for-first-time-looks-like-twin-run-concept-66453.html
  26. ^ http://www.autocar.co.uk/car-news/new-cars/renault-twinrun-concept-revealed-monaco

External links[edit]