Renault Ventoux engine
|Also called||Billancourt engine, B-Type engine|
The Ventoux engine, also known as the Billancourt engine, was an automotive engine designed by Renault for the Renault 4CV, used subsequently until 1997, and named after Mont Ventoux in Provence. It later received the internal code "B", for Billancourt, where the casting took place.
The engine is liquid-cooled, with four cylinders in line. It is also characterised by its three main bearing design and its piston stroke of 80 mm. It has a cast-iron block, aluminum cylinder head and uses a lateral camshaft to operate overhead valves, which also operated the fan belt on its other end. Renault continued developing the engine and later developed it into the Renault Cléon-Fonte engine.
The engine was produced from 1947 to 1984, in displacements of 603 cc, 748 cc, 782 cc, and 845 cc, the differences being effected by changing the cylinder bore diameter.
Models equipped with this engine
- Renault 4CV
- Renault Dauphine and Ondine
- Renault Juvaquatre
- Renault Caravelle and Renault Floride
- Renault Estafette
- Alpine A108
- Renault 3
- Renault 4
- Renault 5
- Renault 6
Different cylinder capacity
|engine types||690||662-2 - 680||662-1||839||B1B - 670 - 800 - Ventoux1093|
|cylinder capacity||603 cc||747 cc||760 cc||782 cc||845 cc|
The following Willys-Overland models used the Ventoux engine:
- Interlagos, 845cc, 40/53HP, 904cc, 56HP and 1000cc, 70HP
- Dauphine, 845cc 31HP
- Gordini, 845cc 40HP
- Renault 1093, 845cc, 53HP
- Teimoso, 845cc, 40HP
The following Brazilian Ford models used an substitute/evolution of the Ventoux engine, basically the same as used in the Renault 8/12 (Sierra/Cléon engine and CHT engine):
- Corcel I and Belina I, 1289cc, 68 and 80HP; 1372cc, 75 and 85HP
- Corcel II, Belina II, 1372cc, 72CV and 76CV; 1555cc, 90CV;
- Ford Del Rey and Scala, 1555cc, 90CV
- Ford Escort MK III,1340CC, 62CV 1555cc, 76CV and 1555cc, 86CV (XR3)
The following Brazilian VW models also used CHT engine (in joint-venture Autolatina):
Ford do Brasil acquired Willys-Overland do Brasil in 1968 and evolved its design into a new engine with a higher displacement (of 1,300 cc and 1,400 cc), which had a different block, used five main crankshaft bearings (instead of the Ventoux' three). After that Ford continued to produce this engine in two displacements, 1,400 cc and 1,600 cc, with the last one being offered in both gasoline and ethanol versions. In 1984 Ford made several enhancements to improve the engine performance, mainly in the cylinder head and crankshaft, and rebranded it as the "CHT engine" (Compound High Turbulence). It carved its own fame in Brazil, to the point that many nowadays also refer erroneously to the earlier Ventoux engines as "CHT"s.
- Pirotte, Marcel (1984-02-23). "Renault 11 TXE". Le Moniteur de l'Automobile (in French) (Brussels, Belgium: Editions Auto-Magazine) 35 (789): 34.
- "Carros do Passado - Ford Escort - No Brasil". www.bestcars.com.br. Retrieved 2009-03-16.
- "Carros do Passado - O cavalo brasileiro". www.bestcars.com.br. Retrieved 2009-03-15.