|Production||2012 - present|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||5-door hatchback|
|Electric motor||65 kW (88 PS; 87 bhp)
220 N·m (162 lb·ft)
|Battery||22 kW·h lithium ion battery|
|Range||210 km (130 mi) (NEDC)|
|Plug-in charging||max 43 kW on IEC Type 2 (including 3ϕ 63A 400V)|
|Length||4,084 mm (160.8 in)|
|Width||1,730 mm (68.1 in)|
|Height||1,562 mm (61.5 in)|
Renault had previously unveiled under the Zoe name a number of different concept cars. Initially in 2005 as the Zoe City Car and later as the Zoe Z.E. electric concept was shown in two different versions in 2009 and 2010 under the Renault Z.E. name. A production ready version of the Zoe was shown at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show.
Retail customer deliveries began in in France in December 2012, with cumulative sales of 4,993 units through October 2013, allowing the Zoe to become the top selling all-electric car in the French market. European sales during the first ten months of 2013 reached 7,485 units, with the French market accounting for 66% of the region sales. Global sales totaled 7,549 units through October 2013.
Zoe City Car Concept (2005)
The Renault Zoe City Car concept (or Z17) was shown at the 2005 Geneva Motor Show featuring 3 seats, the 3.45m long open top vehicle was proposed as an urban focussed car. This Zoe had no connection with the later electric Zoe concept to follow four years later.
Zoe Concept (2009)
The Renault Zoe Concept was shown to the public in 2009 at the Frankfurt Motor Show to show the company's vision for a Clio sized electric car. It was powered by a 95 bhp (71 kW; 96 PS) electric motor (mounted at the front) and lithium-ion batteries (under the seats). It was estimated it would have a range of 100 miles and a top speed of 90 mph (140 km/h), and could be charged at a conventional 230 V socket, or fast-charged from a high-voltage supply to 80 per cent in only 20 minutes. A third innovative option was to swap the batteries for a new pack at a Renault Quickdrop centre.
The design was tear-drop shaped featuring a see-through roof features solar panels which run the air-conditioning system  and gull-wing doors. A new climate control system was also shown. developed with L'Oréal, which could spray essential oils into the interior to cut out harmful exterior smells, or rehydrate the interior to prevent skin drying out.
Zoe Preview (2010)
The Zoe Preview was a substantially revised version of the Zoe concept was shown to the public at the 2010 Paris Motor Show, and was claimed to be a near-definitive representation (90% showroom ready) of the final version of the car. Many of the existing design features of the 2009 concept model were discarded such as the gull-wing doors.
The technical specifications had changed from the 2009 version with the power of the electric motor reduced to 79 bhp (59 kW; 80 PS), a reduced top speed of 84 mph (135 km/h), but still with a 100-mile range. It was suggested that the Zoe ZE would be priced from €15,000.
A planned Renault battery plant near Paris that will supply batteries for the vehicle was delayed due to technical constraints. Construction was to start in the second quarter of 2012 and production of batteries was expected to be delayed to 2014 or 2015. Instead, Renault will have to buy batteries from a joint venture between Nissan Motor and NEC, and from LG Chem of South Korea.
The production version of the Zoe was announced in March 2012 at the Geneva Motor Show. Similar to the 2010 version and the design credited to Jean Semeris, it is a five-door supermini at 4080 mm long, a little longer than the Renault Clio. Retail customer deliveries began in limited number in France in December 2012, and Renault plans to increase availability during the first quarter of 2013. The first Zoe was delivered to Arnaud Montebourg, French Minister of Industrial Recovery. In France the Zoe pricing starts at €20,700(US$27,250) before applying the existing €6,300 (US$8,300) tax incentive, plus a monthly fee for the battery. The cost of leasing the battery for 36 months starts from €79/month (US$104/month) for an annual distance travelled of 12,500 km (7,800 mi) and includes comprehensive breakdown assistance.
The Zoe is powered by a 22 kWh lithium-ion battery pack, driving a 87 bhp (65 kW; 88 PS) synchronous electric motor. Maximum torque is 220 N·m (162 lb-ft) with a top speed of 135 km/h (84 mph). The NEDC cycle range is 210 km (130 mi). Renault estimates that in suburban use, the Zoe can achieve around 100 km (62 mi) in cold weather and 150 km (93 mi) in temperate conditions. The car features a charging system called "Caméléon" (Chameleon) charger that allows the Zoe to be charged at any level of power, taking between 30 minutes and nine hours.
The Zoe received a five-star Euro NCAP 2013-rating. The score was:
|Euro NCAP test results|
|Renault Zoe (2013)|
|CYTD through October 2013|
Retail customer deliveries began in limited numbers in France in December 2012, and availability was increased during the first quarter of 2013, A total of 48 units were registered in France during December 2012, and cumulative sales reached 4,993 units through October 2013. The Zoe became the top selling all-electric vehicle in the country in January 2013, and has kept the monthly lead through October 2013, representing 67% of electric car sales in the country during 2013. As of October 2013[update], the Zoe ranks as the best selling electric car in France accounting for registrations in the electric passenger car segment since 2010.
Deliveries in the UK began in March 2013, and Germany, Italy and Spain in April 2013. Out of 7,485 cars sold in Europe through October 2013, 66% were sold in France (4,945). Germany is the second top selling market, with 833 units sold through October 2013. Cumulative global sales reached 7,549 units through October 2013,
The Electronic Frontier Foundation has criticised Renault's decision to lease the Zoe battery packs to consumers as a rental service with a alleged Digital Rights Management (DRM) software. They claim it could render the vehicle unusable if the owner ceases payment or Renault withdraws support. Renault's monthly fee for the the battery and its alleged use of DRM has also been strongly criticised by some technology writers.  However, Renault publicly denied the use of DRM technology through its Official Twitter account.
In May 2010, a Parisian woman called Zoe Renault commenced legal action to try and force Renault to re-think their choice of name amid claims it would lead to mocking jibes. In November 2010, a French judge ruled that Renault could use the name.
- "Renault Zoe Expression". Renault. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- Renault Media (2012-03-09). "Renault features production version of ZOE, Twizy EV at Geneva". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2012-05-14.
- "Renau Zoe". Retrieved 2013-08-08. "can be charged to any level of power (up to 43 kW)"
- "Geneva motor show 2012: Renault Zoe". What Car?. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- Antony Ingram (2012-12-17). "First Renault Zoe Electric Car Delivered In France". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
- Autoactu.com. "Chiffres de vente & immatriculations de voitures électriques en France" [Sales figures & electric car registrations in France] (in French). Automobile Propre. Retrieved 2013-11-28. See "Ventes de voitures électriques en 2013/2012/2011."
- Renault (November 2013). "Ventes Mensuelles" [Monthly Sales] (in French). Renault.com. Retrieved 2013-11-28. Click on "Ventes mensuelles (décembre 2012) (xls, 294 Ko)" and Ventes mensuelles (octobre 2013) (xlsx, 179 Ko)" to download the files for 2012 and 2013 sales, and open the tab "Sales by Model".
- "BBC News". BBC News. 2005-03-02. Retrieved 2012-05-05.
- "Car Pages". Car Pages. 2005-03-01. Retrieved 2012-05-05.
- "Renault Zoe ZE electric concept at 2009 Frankfurt motor show". Car. 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
- "Renault Zoe | First Drives | Car Reviews". Auto Express. 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
- "Renault Zoe | First Drives | Car Reviews". Auto Express. 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
- "Paris motor show: Renault Zoe". Autocar. 2010-10-01. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
- "Renault Zoe ZE electric car 'to cost £13,000' in UK". Carmagazine.co.uk. 2010-05-13. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
- Helen Beresford (2011-06-15). "Renault says battery plant project delayed". Reuters.
- "Geneva show 2012: Renault Zoe". Autocar. 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2012-03-07.
- Renault Press Release (2012-12-17). "Renault delivers first ZOE EV". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
- "Euro NCAP results for Renault Zoe". euroncap.com. 2013.
- Mat Gasnier (2013-05-07). "UK January-March 2013: Discover the Top 328 best-sellers!". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2013-05-10.
- Kraftfahrt-Bundesamtes (KBA) (November 2013). "Neuzulassungen von Personenkraftwagen im Oktober 2013 nach Marken und Modellreihen" [New registrations of passenger cars in October 2013 by brand and model]. KBA (in German). Retrieved 2013-11-28.
- PRNewswire (2013-03-28). "And Now There Is One.... Tesla Model S Declared 2013 World Green Car". International Business Times. Retrieved 2013-03-29.
- Parker Higgins (2013-11-13). "DRM in Cars Will Drive Consumers Crazy". Electronic Frontier Foundation. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- "Renault Twitter statment". Twitter. 2013-11-15. Retrieved 2013-11-16.
- Murphy, Zoe (2010-05-21). "Renault urged to scrap car name Zoe". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
- "BBC News - Renault can name new car Zoe as girls' case rejected". Bbc.co.uk. 2010-05-21. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Renault Zoe.|
- Government incentives for plug-in electric vehicles
- List of electric cars currently available
- List of modern production plug-in electric vehicles
- List of production battery electric vehicles
- Plug-in electric vehicle
- Renault Z.E.
- Renault Twizy
- Zero-emissions vehicle
- Renault Z.E. website
- Renault Z.E. Editorial Video Report West Coast Midnight Run, Vol. 2009, The Frankfurt International Automotive Show