Energy in Israel

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Energy in Israel comes mostly from hydrocarbon fuels. The country's total primary energy demand is significantly higher than its total primary energy production, relying heavily on imports to meet its energy needs. Total primary energy consumption was 285.5 TWh (0.974 quad) in 2011, or 24.5 Mtoe (million tonne of oil equivalent).[1]

Electricity consumption in Israel was 45.59 TWh in 2010, while production was 53.55 TWh, with net exports of 3.78 TWh.[2] The installed generating capacity was about 12 GW in 2009, almost all from hydrocarbon fuel plants, mostly coal and gas fueled.[3] Renewable energy accounted for a minor share of electricity production, with a small photovoltaic installed capacity. However, there are a total of over 1.3 million solar water heaters installed as a result of mandatory solar water heating regulations.


The Israel Electric Corporation (IEC) is the main producer of electricity in Israel. Its full production capacity is 11,900 megawatts.[4] In 2012, the energy consumption in Israel was 52.27 TWh, similar to Portugal and Romania,[5] and 6,858 kWh per capita, comparable to the Netherlands and Slovenia.[6]

Hydrocarbon fuels[edit]

Most electricity in Israel comes from hydrocarbon fuels from IEC power plants. Below is a list of IEC power plants that produce power from hydrocarbon fuels (as of 2007).

Name Location Type of turbine Type of fuel Capacity (MW)
Orot Rabin Hadera Steam Coal 2,590
Orot Rabin Hadera Gas (jet) Diesel 15
Rutenberg Power Station Ashkelon Steam Coal 2,250
Rutenberg Power Station Ashkelon Gas (jet) Diesel 40
Eshkol Power Station Ashdod Steam Natural gas 1,062
Eshkol Power Station Ashdod Gas (jet), combined cycle Natural gas 387
Reading Power Station Tel Aviv Steam Natural gas 428
Haifa Power Station Haifa Steam Fuel oil 426
Haifa Power Station Haifa Gas (jet) Diesel 80
Eilat Power Station Eilat Gas (jet and industrial) Diesel 99
Eitan Power Station Gas (jet) Diesel 40
Alon Tavor Power Station Alon Tavor Industrial Zone Gas (industrial), combined cycle Diesel 460
Gezer Power Station Ramla Gas (industrial), combined cycle Natural gas 1,300
Hartuv Power Station Gas (jet) Diesel 40
Hagit Power Station Elyakim Gas, combined cycle Natural gas 1,100
Kinarot Power Station Gas (jet) Diesel 80
Atarot Power Station Gas (industrial) Diesel 68
Tzafit Power Station Kiryat Mal'akhi Gas (industrial), combined cycle Natural gas, Diesel 468
Caesarea Power Station Gas (jet) Diesel 130
Ramat Hovav Power Station Ramat Hovav Gas (industrial), combined cycle Diesel 1,000
Ra'anana Power Station Ra'anana Gas (jet) Diesel 11

Renewable energy[edit]

Renewable energy in Israel is produced in solar fields, such as Ketura Sun and from biogas (11 MW), hydroelectricity (6.6 MW) and wind power in the Golan Heights Wind Farm (6 MW).

Nuclear energy[edit]

As of 2013 Israel has no nuclear power plants. However, in January 2007, Israeli Infrastructure Minister Binyamin Ben-Eliezer said his country should consider producing nuclear power for civilian purposes.[7]

As a result of the nuclear emergencies at Japan's Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said on March 17, 2011, "I don't think we're going to pursue civil nuclear energy in the coming years."[8][9][10]


  1. ^ "Israel". EIA - US Energy Information Administration. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Israel". World Factbook. CIA - Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Israel". Policy Database. REEEP. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  4. ^ Barkat, Amiram (July 18, 2012). "Electricity reserves dwindling precariously". Globes. Retrieved April 26, 2013. 
  5. ^ International Energy Agency (2012). "Key World Energy Statistics" (PDF). p. 52. Retrieved April 26, 2013. 
  6. ^ International Energy Agency (2012). "Key World Energy Statistics" (PDF). p. 53. Retrieved April 26, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Israel Should Develop Nuclear Energy". Agence France-Presse. 2007-01-23. Retrieved 2007-07-14. 
  8. ^ Israel Prime Minister Netanyahu: Japan situation has "caused me to reconsider" nuclear power Piers Morgan on CNN, published 2011-03-17, accessed 2011-03-17
  9. ^ Israeli PM cancels plan to build nuclear plant, Xinhuanet, published 2011-03-18, accessed 2011-03-17
  10. ^ Netanyahu: We'll reconsider nuclear power plans Ynetnews, published 2011-03-18, accessed 2011-03-17