Renewable energy in Spain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Renewable energy in Spain represented 12.7% of total energy generation in 2009. Overall 23% of Spain's electricity was generated from wind and solar in 2010.[1] Spain has set the target of generating 92% of its energy needs from renewable energy sources.

In the first half of 2013 the renewable energy sector in Spain underwent a major restructuring that will make the official targets very hard to meet.[2] [3]

Wind power[edit]

Main article: Wind power in Spain

Spain is the world's third biggest producer of wind power, after the United States and Germany, with an installed capacity of 20,661 megawatts (MW) April 2011 [1], a rise of 1,609 MW for the year.[4][5] More than 11% of Spain's electricity came from wind power in 2008.[5] The largest producer of wind power in Spain is Iberdrola, with 27 percent of capacity, followed by Acciona on 16 percent and Endesa with 10 percent.

Solar power[edit]

Main article: Solar power in Spain

In 2005 Spain became the first country in Europe to require the installation of photovoltaic electricity generation in new buildings, and the second in the world (after Israel) to require the installation of solar hot water systems.[6]

With the construction of the PS10, located near Seville, Spain became the first country to ever have a commercial solar energy power tower.[7]

Production[edit]

Production by source and Autonomous Community:

Renewable Electricity in Spain (GWh, 2006 data)[8]
Autonomous Community Hydroelectric power Wind power Solar power Biomass power Solid waste power Total Renewable Generation Total Electricity Demand  % Renewable of Total Electricity Demand
Castile and León 6960 3840 14 274 87 11175 15793 70.8%
Galicia 7561 5970 1 242 317 14091 20279 69.5%
La Rioja 124 897 1 3 2 1027 1860 55.2%
Aragón 3073 3342 1 63 8 6487 11885 54.6%
Navarre 379 2248 28 269 0 2924 5401 54.1%
Extremadura 2244 0 1 0 0 2245 5076 44.2%
Castile-La Mancha 710 3935 8 99 34 4786 12686 37.7%
Asturias 1680 357 0 221 400 2658 12391 21.5%
Cantabria 875 0 0 11 41 927 5693 16.3%
Catalonia 3223 301 7 77 241 3849 48498 7.9%
Andalusia 946 1042 5 728 0 2721 40737 6.7%
Basque Country 336 339 3 55 326 1059 20934 5.1%
Valencia 1041 266 13 55 0 1375 27668 5.0%
Canary Islands 0 288 0 0 0 288 9372 3.1%
Balearic Islands 0 5 0 0 133 138 6235 2.2%
Murcia 65 93 6 12 0 176 8334 2.1%
Madrid 83 0 8 58 330 479 30598 1.6%
Ceuta & Melilla 0 0 0 0 2 2 391 0.5%
SPAIN 29301 22924 97 2167 1921 56410 283829 19.9%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]