Renewable energy in Spain
Renewable energy in Spain represented 12.7% of total energy generation in 2009. Overall 23% of Spain's electricity were generated from wind and solar in 2010. Spain has set the target of generating 92% of its energy needs from renewable energy sources.
Spain is the world's third biggest producer of wind power, after the United States and Germany, with an installed capacity of 20,661 megawatts (MW) April 2011 , a rise of 1,609 MW for the year. More than 11% of Spain's electricity came from wind power in 2008. The largest producer of wind power in Spain is Iberdrola, with 27 percent of capacity, followed by Acciona on 16 percent and Endesa with 10 percent.
In 2005 Spain became the first country in Europe to require the installation of photovoltaic electricity generation in new buildings, and the second in the world (after Israel) to require the installation of solar hot water systems. With the construction of the PS10, located near Seville, Spain became the first country to ever have a commercial solar energy power tower.
Production by source and Autonomous Community:
|Autonomous Community||Hydroelectric power||Wind power||Solar power||Biomass power||Solid waste power||Total Renewable Generation||Total Electricity Demand||% Renewable of Total Electricity Demand|
|Castile and León||6960||3840||14||274||87||11175||15793||70.8%|
|Ceuta & Melilla||0||0||0||0||2||2||391||0.5%|
- Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (IDAE)
- Iberdrola Renovables
- Renewable energy in the European Union
- Spain wind power firms see steady growth in 2009
- International Energy Agency (2009). IEA Wind Energy: Annual Report 2008 p. 235.
- REN21: Renewables Global Status Report - Update 2006
- Red Eléctrica de España Annual Report 2006
- Renewables 2050. A report on the potential for renewable energies in peninsular Spain (Green Peace).
- Renewable Energy in Spain: Details on the Government's New feed-in tariff (FIT) Regulation
- ISTAS analysis of the flawed Calzada report. In Spanish.
- Spain Rejects Calzada "Spanish Jobs" Study. - NRDC summary of the response of the Spanish government and ISTAS to the Calzada report.
- - US National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Response to the Report Study of the Effects on Employment of Public Aid to Renewable Energy Sources from King Juan Carlos University (Spain), authors Eric Lantz and Suzanne Tegen, White Paper NREL/TP-6A2-46261, August 2009