Renewal (Transnistria)

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Renewal
Обновление
Leader Mikhail Burla
Founded 2000
Headquarters 9 January street, 1, Building 92, Tiraspol, Transnistria
Ideology Conservatism,
Liberal conservatism,
Transnistrian independence
International affiliation None
European affiliation None
Colours Red, Green (Colours of the Flag of Transnistria)
Supreme Council
25 / 43
Website
http://www.obnovlenie.info/
Politics of Transnistria
Political parties
Elections

Renewal or Renovation (Russian: Обновление or Obnovleniye), is a political party in Transnistria. Since the legislative elections of 2005 it is the majority party in the Transnistrian Parliament.

It was founded as a political NGO in 2000 and campaigned under its current name in the 27 March 2005 local council elections, where, for the first time in its five year history, it won a majority of the seats.[1]

In the legislative elections of 10 December 2000, Renewal won 7 out of 43 seats. The organization improved on 11 December 2005 to win 23 of those 43 seats (with another 6 seats going to allies).

It was officially registered as a full political party in June 2006.[2]

The original name of the party, in Russian, is Obnovleniye which can interchangeably be translated as either Renovation and Renewal. The party itself and most foreign press prefers the latter translation, Renewal. The party's leaders in parliament during 2005 were Mikhail Burla and Yevgeny Shevchuk. The latter was elected speaker (chairman) of parliament following the party's sweeping December 2005 win.

There was a debate regarding the position of Renewal in regards to Transnistrian president Igor Smirnov. Most analysts pointed to the party's opposition status, noting that it is not allied with President Igor Smirnov, whose party, Respublica, lost several seats to Renewal in the latest parliamentary election.[3][4][5][6][7] However, others claim that the interests of the "Smirnov clan" are represented in all political movements of Transnistria, including Renewal.[8]

Renewal strengthened their majority in the 2010 elections to 25 seats. In the 2011 presidential election, deputy party chairman Anatoliy Kaminski ran against incumbent Smirnov and Shevchuk, who ran as an independent. Shevchuk defeated Kaminski in the run-off.

As on 2013 Renewal holds majority in the Supreme Council of Transnistria and is in mild opposition to the current President Yevgeny Shevchuk. On 25 December 2012 the Supreme Council voted against the project of the state budget proposed by the government.[9][10] Thus Transnistria is currently functioning without adopted state budget for the first time in its history. In spite of attempts to find compromise and formation of the joint commission to resolve conflict, these attempts did not lead to any results. In 2012-2013 members of the Supreme Council from the Renewal Party voted against a number of important bills proposed by President Shevchuk and by Prime Minister Pyotr Stepanov, including bills aimed to reform Internal Revenue Code and to introduce value-added taxation in Transnistria.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Background to the election: Sheriff and Renewal
  2. ^ International Crisis Group report - Moldova's uncertain future, page 10
  3. ^ Moldova's uncertain future
  4. ^ Transnistria 2006: Is Regime Change Underway?
  5. ^ Political Crisis around the self-proclaimed republic of Transnistria
  6. ^ The Old Guard Wins in Transdniestria
  7. ^ Parliament Takes on Smirnov Over Pension Reform
  8. ^ Elections in Transnistria and the context in which they took place
  9. ^ Budget of Transnistria for 2013 is not enacted
  10. ^ The government of the breakaway region of Transnistria withdrew the draft budget for the next year from the Supreme Soviet
  11. ^ Supreme Council declined bill on reform of internal revenue code proposed by the President

External links[edit]