Rennes–Saint-Jacques Airport

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Rennes–Saint-Jacques Airport
Aéroport de Rennes – Saint-Jacques
Advanced Landing Ground (ALG) A-27
AeroportdeRennes.jpg
IATA: RNSICAO: LFRN
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator CCI Rennes
Serves Rennes, France
Elevation AMSL 124 ft / 37 m
Coordinates 48°04′19″N 001°43′56″W / 48.07194°N 1.73222°W / 48.07194; -1.73222
Website www.rennes.aeroport.fr
Maps
Location of Brittany region within France
Location of Brittany region within France
Brittany
LFRN
LFRN
Location of Rennes–Saint-Jacques Airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 2,100 6,890 Paved
14/32 850 2,788 Paved
14L/32R 650 2,132 Unpaved
Source: French AIP[1]

Rennes–Saint-Jacques Airport or Aéroport de Rennes–Saint-Jacques (IATA: RNSICAO: LFRN) is a minor international airport about 6 km southwest of Rennes,[1] Ille-et-Vilaine, in the region of Brittany, France.

History[edit]

Before the construction of this airport, Rennes had a small hippodrome which was used as a landing strip in Gayeulles, to the northeast of the city. In 1931 work started on a proper airport to service Rennes, and a plot of 380,000 square metres in Saint-Jacques-de-la-Lande to the southwest of the city was acquired and building began. On July 28, 1933 the new airport was officially opened by Pierre Cot.

Seized by the Germans in June 1940 during the Battle of France, Rennes airport was used as a Luftwaffe military airfield during the occupation. Known units assigned (all from Luftlotte 3, Fliegerkorps IV):[2][3]

JG 53 and KG 27 took part in operations over England during the Battle of Britain (10 July–31 October 1940); KG 26 and KG 77 also engaged in night aerial attacks over England during 1942; JG 11 and SKG 10 were interceptor units primarily engaging Eighth Air Force heavy bomber (B-17; B-24) operations over Occupied Europe. In addition, numerous Luftwaffe Anti-Aircraft FLAK batteries were controlled from Rennes.[2]

Rennes was attacked by Eighth Air Force B-17 Flying Fortress bombers on 9 January 1944 (Mission 180), and was overflown on several night leaflet drops during the spring of 1944.[4] The airport was also attacked during the Allied invasion of Normandy during June 1944 on several occasions by B-26 Marauder medium bombers of IX Bomber Command, 323d Bombardment Group.[5] The medium bombers would attack in coordinated raids, usually in the mid-to-late afternoon, with Eighth Air Force heavy bombers returning from attacking their targets in Germany. The attack was timed to have the maximum effect possible to keep the Luftwaffe interceptors pinned down on the ground and be unable to attack the heavy bombers. Also, the P-47 Thunderbolts of Ninth Air Force would be dispatched to perform fighter sweeps over Rennes after the Marauder raids, then meet up with the heavy bombers and provide fighter escort back to England. As the P-51 Mustang groups of Eighth Air Force began accompanying the heavy bombers all the way to their German targets by mid-1944, it was routine for them to also attack Rennes on their return to England with a fighter sweep and attack any target of opportunity to be found at the airfield.[6][7]

It was liberated by Allied ground forces about 7 August 1944 during the Northern France Campaign. Almost immediately, the United States Army Air Forces IX Engineering Command 820th Engineer Aviation Battalion cleared the airport of mines and destroyed Luftwaffe aircraft. Subsequently, Rennes Airport became a USAAF Ninth Air Force combat airfield, designated as "A-27" about 10 August.[8][9]

Under American control, the 362d Fighter Group operated P-47 Thunderbolts from the airport from 10 August though 19 September. In addition, the 10th Reconnaissance Group operated various photo-reconnaissance aircraft during August and September, and it became the headquarters of IX Air Defense Command on 25 August.[10] The fighter planes flew support missions during the Allied campaign in Central and Eastern France, patrolling roads in front of the advancing ground forces; strafing German military vehicles and dropping bombs on gun emplacements, anti-aircraft artillery and concentrations of German troops.

The combat units moved out by the end of September and Rennes Airport was used as a supply and maintenance depot for American aircraft for several months, before being returned to French civil control on 30 November 1944. Completely reconstructed after the war, the airport returned to its normal civil use. Some World War II bomb craters can still be seen in grassy areas north of the main runway.

Facilities[edit]

Airport Rennes

The main runway can be used by planes with up to around 180 passengers, and it is best fitted for middle-range flights. For cargo transportation services, it is suitable for planes like Boeing up to 757 and 767, Airbus A310, or Ilyushin IL-76. It is equipped with ILS. The secondary paved runway is suitable for light motorized planes (business and leisure).

Due to the raising traffic in the Nantes Atlantique Airport (approaching its saturation), there is a long-time project to build the Aéroport du Grand Ouest, a large airport near Nantes and 80 kilometres (50 mi) in the south of Rennes. This airport is planned to service both cities. This will require building faster and more frequent transit services with both cities and to their existing airports, through the modernization of the existing regional Rennes–Nantes railway link through Redon, and the interconnection with their fast TGV railway stations.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aer Lingus Regional
operated by Stobart Air
Seasonal: Cork, Dublin
Air France Marseille
Air France
operated by HOP!
Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Chalair Aviation Bordeaux
Flybe Southampton
Seasonal: Exeter, Manchester
Flybe
operated by Stobart Air
London-Southend
HOP! Lyon, Nice, Toulouse
Seasonal: Figari, Montpellier
Ryanair Porto
Vueling Barcelona, Palma de Mallorca
Seasonal: Bastia

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Chronopost
operated by Westair Luxembourg
Marseille
La Poste
operated by Europe Airpost
Brest, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
TNT Airways Liège, Marseille, Porto
UPS
operated by Star Air
Cologne/Bonn

Statistics[edit]

Rennes airport is the 20th for the total of transported passengers in 2013 :

  • 2004 : 377,325 passengers
  • 2005 : 407,678 passengers
  • 2010 : 411,841 passengers
  • 2013 : 481,271 passengers

Rennes airport is the 7th for the total of transported freight in 2012 :

  • 2004 : 12 620 tonnes
  • 2005 : 12 250 tonnes
  • 2012 : 13 449 tonnes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ a b LFRN – RENNES SAINT-JACQUES (PDF). AIP from French Service d'information aéronautique, effective 16 Oct 2014.
  2. ^ a b The Luftwaffe, 1933–45
  3. ^ Identification codes of units of the Luftwaffe 1939 – 1945
  4. ^ USAFHRA Document 00221903
  5. ^ USAFHRA Document 00083353
  6. ^ Derived from information in USAAF Film "Target For Today" (available at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kkGL7vuC2A4)
  7. ^ USAFHRA Document 00233753
  8. ^ Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.
  9. ^ IX Engineer Command ETO Airfields, Airfield Layout
  10. ^ Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.


External links[edit]