Renovación Española

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Renovación Española (RE) was a Spanish monarchist political party active during the Second Spanish Republic, advocating the restoration of Alfonso XIII of Spain as opposed to Carlism. Led by Antonio Goicoechea and José Calvo Sotelo, the group was to become associated with Francisco Franco during the Spanish Civil War.

The group was formed in January 1933 after Goicoechea and some followers split from Acción Popular and were given Alfonso's approval to form a new party, although from the outset RE maintained good relations with the Carlists and sought to bring them into various anti-Republican conspiracies.[1] Even before the Civil War RE was linked to the Falange, paying it a 10,000 peseta monthly subsidy.[2]

The group was one of the first amongst those involved in conspiracy against the Popular Front government to endorse Franco as overall leader.[3] RE was also closely linked to the military group Unión Militar Española which played an important role in bringing about civil war.[4] During the opening stages of the civil war RE was close to General Emilio Mola, who consulted regularly with the group's leadership.[5]

The assassination of Calvo Sotelo, who was much more personally popular and a better orator than the generally ineffectual Goicoechea, in July 1936 had weakened RE somewhat and before long they became wholly subservient to Franco in an attempt to retain influence for a group that had little popular support.[6] Along with a variety of other far right groups RE disappeared in April 1937 with the formation of the Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista.[7] Recognising that his power base was flimsy at best Goicoechea immediately accepted the decree and dissolved RE.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martin Blinkhorn, Carlism and crisis in Spain, 1931-1939, CUP Archive, 1975, p. 108
  2. ^ Antony Beevor, The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War 1936-39, London: Phoenix, 2007, p. 45
  3. ^ Paul Preston, Franco, London: Fontana, 1995, p. 125
  4. ^ Preston, Franco, p. 136
  5. ^ Preston, Franco, p. 155; p. 157
  6. ^ Preston, Franco, pp. 249-50
  7. ^ Beevor, The Battle for Spain, p. 285
  8. ^ Preston, Franco, p. 271