Rent control in Ontario

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Rent Control in Ontario is a system of rent regulation in Ontario, Canada which limits the amount by which rent and house prices can escalate.

History[edit]

Rent regulation was first introduced in Ontario under the National Housing Act 1944. After lobbying by business it was repealed in under a decade.

The modern history of rent controls were started in July 1975 when the Residential Premises Rent Review Act 1975 was passed after the demand for rent controls became a major issue in the period leading to the 1975 provincial election.[1] In 1979 the Residential Tenancies Act was enacted.[1]

In 1985, the new Liberal government tightened rent controls with the Residential Rent Regulation Act and in 1992 the New Democratic Party government of Bob Rae passed the Rent Control Act 1992.[2]

The Tenant Protection Act 1997 was enacted by the Progressive Conservative government of Mike Harris and proclaimed in June, 1998.[3] The Act retained selected rights and obligations contained in Part IV of the previous Landlord and Tenant Act. (Parts I, II, and III were retitled the Commercial Tenancies Act.[4]) The Tenant Protection Act both repealed the Rent Control Act and removed the dispute resolution process of the Landlord Tenant Act, including evictions and rent increases, from the Ontario court system and placed it in the hands of the Ontario Rental Housing Tribunal.[5]

Under the TPA landlord applications for eviction were automatically granted without a hearing unless the tenant filed a notice of dispute within five days. This provision, had been the subject of a complaint to the Ontario Ombudsman and was removed from the new Act.[6]

Current law[edit]

The Residential Tenancies Act, 2006 is the current law in the province of Ontario, Canada, that governs landlord and tenant relations in residential rental accommodations.[7] The Act received royal assent on June 22, 2006 and was proclaimed into law on January 31, 2007. The Act repealed and replaced the Tenant Protection Act, 1997 and created the Landlord and Tenant Board as a replacement for the Ontario Rental Housing Tribunal.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Peter Russell (1989). Federalism and the Charter: Leading Constitutional Decisions. MQUP. pp. 233–236. ISBN 978-0-7735-8428-0. 
  2. ^ Ontario Rental Housing Tribunal; Ontario (2002). Ontario Residential Tenancies : Legislation, Rules and Guidelines. CCH Canadian Limited. p. 87. ISBN 978-1-55141-045-6. 
  3. ^ Christian H. Kälin (2005). International Real Estate Handbook: Acquisition, Ownership and Sale of Real Estate Residence, Tax and Inheritance Law. John Wiley & Sons. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-470-02122-4. 
  4. ^ "Commercial Tenancies Act". E-laws.gov.on.ca. 2007-01-31. Retrieved 2013-07-01. 
  5. ^ "The Rental Housing Landscape in Ontario | Ontario Human Rights Commission". Ohrc.on.ca. Retrieved 2013-07-01. 
  6. ^ "Interpretation Guidelines - Guideline #7". Ltb.gov.on.ca. Retrieved 2013-07-01. 
  7. ^ Pierre Boiron; Claude Boiron (2010). Commercial Real Estate Investing in Canada: The Complete Reference for Real Estate Professionals. John Wiley & Sons. p. 698. ISBN 978-0-470-73906-8. 
  8. ^ "Newsroom : Residential Tenancies Act Takes Effect January 31, 2007". News.ontario.ca. Retrieved 2013-07-01. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]