Rent control in Ontario
Rent regulation was first introduced in Ontario under the National Housing Act 1944. After lobbying by business it was repealed in under a decade.
The modern history of rent controls were started in July 1975 when the Residential Premises Rent Review Act 1975 was passed after the demand for rent controls became a major issue in the period leading to the 1975 provincial election. In 1979 the Residential Tenancies Act was enacted.
The Tenant Protection Act 1997 was enacted by the Progressive Conservative government of Mike Harris and proclaimed in June, 1998. The Act retained selected rights and obligations contained in Part IV of the previous Landlord and Tenant Act. (Parts I, II, and III were retitled the Commercial Tenancies Act.) The Tenant Protection Act both repealed the Rent Control Act and removed the dispute resolution process of the Landlord Tenant Act, including evictions and rent increases, from the Ontario court system and placed it in the hands of the Ontario Rental Housing Tribunal.
Under the TPA landlord applications for eviction were automatically granted without a hearing unless the tenant filed a notice of dispute within five days. This provision, had been the subject of a complaint to the Ontario Ombudsman and was removed from the new Act.
The Residential Tenancies Act, 2006 is the current law in the province of Ontario, Canada, that governs landlord and tenant relations in residential rental accommodations. The Act received royal assent on June 22, 2006 and was proclaimed into law on January 31, 2007. The Act repealed and replaced the Tenant Protection Act, 1997 and created the Landlord and Tenant Board as a replacement for the Ontario Rental Housing Tribunal.
Rent control in Ontario only applies to older rental units. For example, if the rental unit is in an apartment building constructed (or converted from a non-residential use) after November 1, 1991, then the rent control provisions of the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006 do not apply.
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- Intertenancy Rent Decontrol in Ontario (PDF) by Lawrence B Smith (University of Toronto, 2003)
- An economic assessment of rent controls: The Ontario experience by Lawrence B. Smith (The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, 1988, Volume 1, Issue 3) pp 217-231
- Consultations to address affordable housing shortage by Laurie Monsebraaten (Toronto Star, 20 July 2009)
- Pressure mounts for Ontario to extend rent controls to all tenants by Susan Pigg (Toronto Star, 31 May 2013)
- Ontario NDP wants to close rent control loophole by William Wolfe-Wylie (Postmedia News, 4 June 2013)